1686 (MDCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar, the 1686th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 686th year of the 2nd millennium, the 86th year of the 17th century, and the 7th year of the 1680s decade. As of the start of 1686, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 16th century17th century18th century
Decades: 1650s  1660s  1670s  – 1680s –  1690s  1700s  1710s
Years: 1683 1684 168516861687 1688 1689
1686 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar1686
Ab urbe condita2439
Armenian calendar1135
Assyrian calendar6436
Balinese saka calendar1607–1608
Bengali calendar1093
Berber calendar2636
English Regnal yearJa. 2 – 2 Ja. 2
Buddhist calendar2230
Burmese calendar1048
Byzantine calendar7194–7195
Chinese calendar乙丑(Wood Ox)
4382 or 4322
    — to —
丙寅年 (Fire Tiger)
4383 or 4323
Coptic calendar1402–1403
Discordian calendar2852
Ethiopian calendar1678–1679
Hebrew calendar5446–5447
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1742–1743
 - Shaka Samvat1607–1608
 - Kali Yuga4786–4787
Holocene calendar11686
Igbo calendar686–687
Iranian calendar1064–1065
Islamic calendar1097–1098
Japanese calendarJōkyō 3
Javanese calendar1609–1610
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar4019
Minguo calendar226 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar218
Thai solar calendar2228–2229
Tibetan calendar阴木牛年
(female Wood-Ox)
1812 or 1431 or 659
    — to —
(male Fire-Tiger)
1813 or 1432 or 660


  • May 4 – The Municipality of Ilagan was founded in the Philippines.
  • July 17 – A meeting took place at Lüneburg between 'some evangelical Princes and Electors' and representatives of the King of Navarre, the King of Denmark and the Queen of England. The object of this meeting is the formation of an 'evangelical' league of defence against the Catholic League, called the 'Confederatio Militiae Evangelicae'.[1]
  • July 22New York City and Albany, New York are granted city charters by the colonial governor.
  • September 2 – The forces of the Holy League of 1684 liberate Buda from the Ottoman Turkish rule that leads to the end of Turkish rule in Hungary during the subsequent years.






  • January 31 – Jean Mairet, French dramatist (born 1604)
  • February 10 – William Dugdale, English antiquarian (born 1605)
  • April 6 – Arthur Annesley, 1st Earl of Anglesey, English royalist statesman (born. 1614)
  • April 19 – Antonio de Solís y Ribadeneyra, Spanish writer (born 1610)
  • June 23 – William Coventry, English statesman (born c.1628)
  • July 10 – John Fell, English churchman (born 1625)
  • July 16 – John Pearson, English theologian (born 1612)
  • August 13 – Louis Maimbourg, French-born historian (born 1610)
  • October 26 – John Egerton, 2nd Earl of Bridgewater, English politician (born 1623)
  • November 11 – Louis II de Bourbon, Prince de Condé, French general (born 1621)
  • November 11 – Otto von Guericke, German physicist and inventor (born 1602)


  1. Statement is made on folio 35 of the dedication of the Naometria to the Duke of Wurttemberg, repeated on folio 122. Cf. A.E. Waite, Brotherhood of the Rosy Cross, London, 1924, pp. 639 ff.