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1583 (MDLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Tuesday of the Julian calendar, the 1583rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 583rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 83rd year of the 16th century, and the 4th year of the 1580s decade. As of the start of 1583, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 15th century16th century17th century
Decades: 1550s  1560s  1570s  – 1580s –  1590s  1600s  1610s
Years: 1580 1581 158215831584 1585 1586
1583 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar1583
Ab urbe condita2336
Armenian calendar1032
Assyrian calendar6333
Balinese saka calendar1504–1505
Bengali calendar990
Berber calendar2533
English Regnal year25 Eliz. 1 – 26 Eliz. 1
Buddhist calendar2127
Burmese calendar945
Byzantine calendar7091–7092
Chinese calendar壬午(Water Horse)
4279 or 4219
    — to —
癸未年 (Water Goat)
4280 or 4220
Coptic calendar1299–1300
Discordian calendar2749
Ethiopian calendar1575–1576
Hebrew calendar5343–5344
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1639–1640
 - Shaka Samvat1504–1505
 - Kali Yuga4683–4684
Holocene calendar11583
Igbo calendar583–584
Iranian calendar961–962
Islamic calendar990–991
Japanese calendarTenshō 11
Javanese calendar1502–1503
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar3916
Minguo calendar329 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar115
Thai solar calendar2125–2126
Tibetan calendar阳水马年
(male Water-Horse)
1709 or 1328 or 556
    — to —
(female Water-Goat)
1710 or 1329 or 557

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