Chechen people

Northeast Caucasian ethnic group

The Chechens (/ˈɛɛnz, əˈɛnz/;[18] Chechen: Нохчий, Noxçiy, Old Chechen: Нахчой, Naxçoy) are an indigenous Caucasian ethnic group native to the North Caucasus who refer to themselves as Nokhchiy (pronounced [no̞xtʃʼiː]; singular Nokhchi, Nokhcho, Nakhchuo or Nakhtche). The vast majority of Chechens are Muslim and they adhere to the Sunni branch of Islam. Chechens live in Chechnya, a Caucasian republic of Russia.

Total population
c. 2 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
     Moscow Oblast14,524[3]
     Stavropol Krai11,980[3]
     Rostov Oblast11,449[3]
     Volgograd Oblast9,649[3]
     Astrakhan Oblast7,229[3]
     Tyumen Oblast6,889[3]
 European Union
130,000 (2009)[4]
 Georgia10,100 (including Kist people)
 United Arab Emirates2,000–3,000[13]
 United States250–1,000[15][16]
Data figures from 2001 to 2021;
see also Chechen diaspora.
Sunni Islam
Related ethnic groups
Other Nakh peoples (Ingush, Bats)
Chechens in Grozny


  1. "Chechnya 'has no troops in Ukraine'". 28 May 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  2. "ВПН-2010". Archived from the original on April 24, 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.8 Russian Census of 2002 Archived October 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  4. As Hit Men Strike, Concern Grows Among Chechen Exiles, RFE/RL, March 12, 2009
  5. 5.0 5.1 Chechens in the Middle East: Between Original and Host Cultures Archived 2011-07-22 at the Wayback Machine, Event Report, Caspian Studies Program
  6. Kristiina Markkanen: Chechen refugee came to Finland via Baku and Istanbul Archived 2011-11-21 at the Wayback Machine (Englisch)
  7. "Kazakhstan population stats". 2017-01-01. Archived from the original on 2018-03-31. Retrieved 2018-03-03.
  8. "Jordan willing to assist Chechnya – King". 2007-08-28. Retrieved 2013-04-20.
  9. Ahmet Katav; Bilgay Duman (November 2012). "Iraqi Circassians (Chechens, Dagestanis, Adyghes)" (PDF). ORSAM Reports (134). Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 April 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2013.
  10. Jaimoukha, Amjad M. (2008), "Syria", The Chechens: A Handbook, Routledge, p. 232, ISBN 978-0-415-32328-4
  11. "Circassian, Ossetian, Chechen Minorities Solicit Russian Help To Leave Syria". Retrieved 2013-04-20.
  12. "About number and composition population of Ukraine by data All-Ukrainian census of the population 2001". Ukraine Census 2001. State Statistics Committee of Ukraine. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  13. Chechnya's Exodus to Europe, North Caucasus Weekly Volume: 9 Issue: 3, The Jamestown Foundation, January 24, 2008
  14. "031 – Language by sex, by region and municipality in 1990 to 2017". Statistics Finland. Archived from the original on 2018-06-26. Retrieved 2018-08-26.
  15. Andrew Meier (April 19, 2013). "The Chechens in America: Why They're Here and Who They Are". The Daily Beast. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
  16. Note that the actual amount of Chechens living in the United States is higher, as they are categorized as Russians in censuses.
  17. [bare URL PDF]
  18. "Chechen". The Chambers Dictionary (9th ed.). Chambers. 2003. ISBN 0-550-10105-5.