soldiers, explorers, and adventurers at the service of the Spanish Empire and Portuguese Empire

A Conquistador (English: Conqueror; : Conquistadores, or Conquistadors) was a Spanish or Portuguese soldier, explorer and adventurer.[1][2] The Conquistadors invaded and conquered much of the Americas and the Philippines Islands and other islands in Asia Pacific. Many of them were hidalgos (noblemen of low category).

Hernán Cortés, Conquistador of the Aztec Empire.

Their conquests brought these lands under Spanish colonial rule between the 15th and 17th centuries, starting with the 1492 settlement by Christopher Columbus in what is now the Bahamas. They created what is now called Latin America.[3]

The first successful conquistador was Hernán Cortés. Between 1520 and 1521, Cortés and the native enemies of the Aztecs, conquered the mighty Aztec Empire. Present day Mexico came under the dominion of the Spanish Empire, as New Spain. Francisco Pizarro later found and conquered the similarly large Inca Empire.[4]

List of Conquistadors



  1. "Definition of CONQUISTADOR". Retrieved 2022-07-30.
  2. Vanhanen, Tatu (1997). Prospects of democracy: a study of 172 countries. New York: Routledge. p. 112. ISBN 0-415-14405-1.
  3. "Focus on Latin America". Center For International Education. Archived from the original on 2022-07-30. Retrieved 2022-07-30.
  4. "Francisco Pizarro". HISTORY. Retrieved 2022-07-30.

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