city and seat of Iași County in the historical region of Moldavia in north-eastern Romania

Iaşi is a city in the northeastern part of Romania. It is the second largest city in Romania as of the year 2007.[8] Iaşi used to be the capital of Moldavia.

From top left: Palace of Culture, Vasile Alecsandri Statue in front of the National Theatre, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Golia Tower, Metropolitan Cathedral, and the Botanical Garden
Coat of arms of Iași
The Cultural Capital of Romania, The City of Great Loves, The City of the Famous Destinies, The City of Great Ideas, The City of the Three Unions, The City on Seven Hills[1][2][3][4]
Iași is located in Romania
Location of Iași within Romania (in red)
Coordinates: 47°09′25″N 27°35′25″E / 47.15694°N 27.59028°E / 47.15694; 27.59028
Country Romania
County Iași
SettledBefore 14th century
First official record1408
 • MayorMihai Chirica (Independent)
 • County Seat93.9 km2 (36.3 sq mi)
 • Metro
808 km2 (312 sq mi)
60 m (200 ft)
 (2011 census)[6]
 • County Seat290,422
 • Estimate 
362,142 Increase
 • Density3,092/km2 (8,010/sq mi)
 • Metro
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
Area code+40 x32
Car PlatesIS


Golia Monastery

Alexandru Lăpuşneanu changed the capital of Moldavia from Suceava to Iaşi in 1564. One of the first churches to be built in Moldavia was built by the Greek adventurer Prince Ioan Iacob Heraclid.

The Tatars burned the city down in 1513. The Ottoman Empire also burned the city down in 1538 and people from the Imperial Russian army did so again in 1686. The plague spread throughout the city in 1734.

The Russo-Turkish War of 1787 was stopped when the Peace of Iaşi happened. Alexander Ypsilanti and the Filiki Eteria came into the city and took it in 1822.

Iaşi was the capital of Moldavia from 1568 to 1859. When World War I happened, Iaşi became the capital of Romania. This happened when the Central Powers took Bucharest on 6 December 1916. Bucharest became the capital again when Imperial Germany was defeated.



Iaşi can be found on the Bahlui River, which is a tributary of the Jijia. Forests and uplands are very common. These woods and hills include the monasteries of Cetăţuia, Frumoasa, and Galata. People have thought that Iaşi was built on seven hills (Cetăţuia, Galata, Copou-Aurora, Bucium-Păun, Şorogari, Repedea and Breazu in Romanian).



The population of Iaşi has changed a bit over the years:

  • 1859: 50,000
  • 1900: 78,000
  • 1930: 102,872
  • 1948: 96,075
  • 1966: 161,023
  • 1977: 265,002
  • 1992: 344,425
  • 2002: 320,888
  • 2004: 317,812 (Since July 4, 2004, the second-biggest city)[9]
  • 2006: 306,000 (the third-biggest city)[10]
  • 2007 (July 1st): 315,214 (second biggest city)[8]

Sister cities


The following are the sister cities of Iaşi:


  1. "1000 lei 1998 – 80th anniversary of the Great Union of 1918". Romanian Coins.org. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
  2. "Iași, the cultural city" (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
  3. "About Iaşi" (in Romanian). La Iaşi. 2002. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
  4. "Romanian Cities" (in Romanian). Tarom. Archived from the original on 2011-03-05.
  5. "Population on 1 January by age groups and sex - functional urban areas". Eurostat. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  6. "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Archived from the original on 10 June 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  7. "Populaţia României pe localitati la 1 ianuarie 2016" (in Romanian). INSSE. 6 June 2016. Archived from the original on 2017-10-27. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Populatia la 1 iulie 2007" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2008-04-30.[permanent dead link]
  9. "Romania in cifre (see page 9)" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-05-29. Retrieved 2009-01-13.
  10. http://www.insse.ro/cms/files/statistici/comunicate/alte/Comunicat%20ziua%20populatiei%202006%20doc.pdf

Other websites