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Iaşi

city in Iași County, Romania
(Redirected from Iasi)

Iaşi is a city in the northeastern part of Romania. It is the second largest city in Romania as of the year 2007.[8] Iaşi used to be the capital of Moldavia.

Iași

Jassy
Iassy
From top left: Palace of Culture, Vasile Alecsandri Statue in front of the National Theatre, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, Golia Tower, Metropolitan Cathedral, and the Botanical Garden
Coat of arms of Iași
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): 
The Cultural Capital of Romania, The City of Great Loves, The City of the Famous Destinies, The City of Great Ideas, The City of the Three Unions, The City on Seven Hills[1][2][3][4]
Iași is located in Romania
Iași
Iași
Location of Iași within Romania (in red)
Coordinates: 47°09′25″N 27°35′25″E / 47.15694°N 27.59028°E / 47.15694; 27.59028Coordinates: 47°09′25″N 27°35′25″E / 47.15694°N 27.59028°E / 47.15694; 27.59028
Country Romania
CountyActual Iasi county CoA.png Iași
StatusMunicipality
SettledBefore 14th century
First official record1408
Government
 • MayorMihai Chirica (Independent)
Area
 • County Seat93.9 km2 (36.3 sq mi)
 • Metro
808 km2 (312 sq mi)
Elevation
60 m (200 ft)
Population
 (2011 census)[6]
 • County Seat290,422
 • Estimate 
(2016)[7]
362,142 Increase
 • Density3,092/km2 (8,010/sq mi)
 • Metro
474,035[5]
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
700xxx
Area code(s)+40 x32
Car PlatesIS
ClimateDfb
Websitewww.primaria-iasi.ro

HistoryEdit

 
Golia Monastery

Alexandru Lăpuşneanu changed the capital of Moldavia from Suceava to Iaşi in 1564. One of the first churches to be built in Moldavia was built by the Greek adventurer Prince Ioan Iacob Heraclid.

The Tatars burned the city down in 1513. The Ottoman Empire also burned the city down in 1538 and people from the Imperial Russian army did so again in 1686. As if that weren't enough for the people of Iaşi, the plague spread throughout the city in 1734.

The Russo-Turkish War of 1787 was stopped when the Peace of Iaşi happened. Alexander Ypsilanti and the Filiki Eteria came into the city and took it in 1822.

Iaşi was the capital of Moldavia from 1568 to 1859. When World War I happened, Iaşi became the capital of Romania. This happened when the Central Powers took Bucharest on 6 December 1916. Bucharest became the capital again when Imperial Germany was defeated.

GeographyEdit

Iaşi can be found on the Bahlui River, which is a tributary of the Jijia. Forests and uplands are very common. These woods and hills include the monasteries of Cetăţuia, Frumoasa, and Galata. People have thought that Iaşi was built on seven hills (Cetăţuia, Galata, Copou-Aurora, Bucium-Păun, Şorogari, Repedea and Breazu in Romanian).

PopulationEdit

The population of Iaşi has changed a bit over the years:

  • 1859: 50,000
  • 1900: 78,000
  • 1930: 102,872
  • 1948: 96,075
  • 1966: 161,023
  • 1977: 265,002
  • 1992: 344,425
  • 2002: 320,888
  • 2004: 317,812 (Since July 4, 2004, the second-biggest city)[9]
  • 2006: 306,000 (the third-biggest city)[10]
  • 2007 (July 1st): 315,214 (second biggest city)[8]

Sister citiesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "1000 lei 1998 – 80th anniversary of the Great Union of 1918". Romanian Coins.org. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
  2. "Iași, the cultural city" (in Romanian). Archived from the original on 2 August 2012. Retrieved 24 September 2016. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  3. "About Iaşi" (in Romanian). La Iaşi. 2002. Retrieved 24 September 2016.
  4. "Romanian Cities" (in Romanian). Tarom. Archived from the original on 2011-03-05. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  5. "Population on 1 January by age groups and sex - functional urban areas". Eurostat. Retrieved 29 October 2017.
  6. "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 4 May 2015.
  7. "Populaţia României pe localitati la 1 ianuarie 2016" (in Romanian). INSSE. 6 June 2016. Archived from the original on 2017-10-27. Retrieved 27 October 2017. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Populatia la 1 iulie 2007" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. 2007-07-01. Retrieved 2008-04-30.
  9. "Romania in cifre (see page 9)" (PDF).
  10. http://www.insse.ro/cms/files/statistici/comunicate/alte/Comunicat%20ziua%20populatiei%202006%20doc.pdf

Other websitesEdit