Jana Gana Mana

national anthem of India

"Jana Gana Mana" (जन-गण-मन) is the title for the national anthem of India. In 1911, it was composed and originally written in Bengali by popular Indic poet and artist Rabindranath Tagore—the same author for the Bangladeshi anthem "Amar Shonar Bangla".[1] Originally a five-verse Brahmo hymn in Bengali called "Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata", in January 1950, only the first verse was made to be officially part of the national anthem of India per the Constituent Assembly.[2][3] In addition, the lyrics now contain many words of Sanskrit origin.[4]

Jana Gana Mana
Indian National Anthem - Upload Version-1.png
National anthem ofIndia
LyricsRabindranath Tagore
MusicRabindranath Tagore
Adopted1950

LyricsEdit

Hindi wordsEdit

Words in the official script
(Devanagari)
Words in the Latin alphabet
(ISO-style)
Pronunciation of words
(IPA)

जन-गण-मन अधिनायक जय हे,
भारत भाग्य विधाता!
पंजाब-सिन्ध-गुजरात-मराठा,
द्रविड-उत्कल-बङ्ग
विंध्य हिमाचल यमुना गंगा, उच्छल जलधि तरंग
तब शुभ नामे जागे,
तब शुभ आशिष मांगे
गाहे तब जय गाथा।
जन-गण-मंगलदायक जय हे,
भारत भाग्य विधाता!
जय हे! जय हे! जय हे!
जय जय जय जय हे![5]

Jana-gaṇa-mana adhināyaka jaya hē
Bhārata-bhāgya-vidhātā.
Paṁjāba-Sindh-Gujarāta-Marāṭhā,
Drāviṛa-Utkala Baṁga
Viṁdhya Himācala Yamunā Gaṁgā,
ucchala jaladhi taraṁga
Taba Śubha nāmē jāgē,
taba śubha āśiṣa māṁgē
gāhē taba jaya gāthā.
Jana gaṇa maṁgala-dāyaka jaya hē,
Bhārata bhāgya vidhātā.
Jaya hē, Jaya hē, Jaya hē,
jaya jaya jaya jaya hē.

[dʒənə gəɳə mənə əd̪ʱinɑːjəkə dʒəjə ɦɛː]
[bʱɑːɾət̪ə bʱɑːgjə ʋɪdʱɑːt̪ɑː ǁ]
[pə̃dʒɑːbə sɪnd̪ʱ gʊdʒəɾɑːt̪ə məɾɑːʈʰɑː ǀ]
[d̪ɾɑːʋɪɽə ʊt̪kələ bə̃gə]
[ʋɪ̃d̪ʱjə ɦɪmɑːcələ jinəmʊnɑː gə̃gɑː ǀ]
[ʊttʃʰələ dʒələd̪ʱi t̪əɾə̃gə]
[t̪əbə ʃʊbʱə nɑːmeː dʒɑːgeː ǀ t̪əbə ʃʊbʱə ɑːʃɪʂə mɑ̃ːgeː]
[gɑːɦeː t̪əbə dʒəjə gɑːt̪ʰɑː ‖]
[dʒənə gəɳə mə̃gələ d̪ɑːjəkə dʒəjə ɦɛː ǀ]
[bʱɑːɾət̪ə bʱɑːgjə ʋɪd̪ʱɑːt̪ɑː ‖]
[dʒəjə ɦɛː ǀ dʒəjə ɦɛː ǀ dʒəjə ɦɛː ǀ]
[dʒəjə dʒəjə dʒəjə dʒəjə ɦɛː ‖]

English translationEdit

Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India's destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sindh,
Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Odisha
and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of Vindhya and the
Himalayas,
Mingles in the music of Ganga and Yamuna
and is chanted by
The waves of the Indian sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India's destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee.[6]

TriviaEdit

Other websitesEdit

  1. https://india.gov.in/india-glance/national-symbols National Symbol: National Anthem. National Portal of India. Retrieved 10 April 2017.
  2. Britannica, Editors of Encyclopedia (2008), Britannica Encyclopedia of India (Set of 5 Volumes), Encyclopedia Britannica India, p. 167, ISBN 978-81-8131-008-8
  3. http://mha.gov.in/sites/upload_files/mha/files/pdf/NationalAnthem(E).pdf (dead)
  4. https://www.news18.com/news/india/national-anthem-of-india-a-brief-on-jana-gana-mana-498576.html National anthem of India: a brief on 'Jana Gana Mana'. News18. 14 August 2012.
  5. https://www.mha.gov.in/sites/default/files/NationalAnthem-Hindi.pdf भारत के राष्ट्रगान के संबंध में आदेश (Order relating to the national anthem of India). mha.gov.in. Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 24 June 2018.
  6. https://books.google.com.qa/books?id=jfrWCQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false James Minahan. The Complete Guide to National Symbols and Emblems [2 Volumes]. ABC-CLIO. p. 61.