Open main menu

Pritzker Architecture Prize

architecture prize
(Redirected from Pritzker Prize)


The Pritzker Architecture Prize is given each year by the Hyatt Foundation. It is for talented and significant architect who has created great projects throughout his or her life.[1] Jay A. Pritzker and his wife Cindy began the award in 1979. The Pritzker family pays for the prize. It is the top prize in architecture, and it is often called the Nobel Prize of architecture.[2][3] The country, race, religion or political ideas of the architect are not important.[4] Winners get US$100,000 and a certificate.[5] Winners receive a medal. The back of the medal has these words in Latinfirmitas, utilitas, venustas (English: durability, utility, and beauty). The idea comes from the Roman architect Vitruvius.[6] Before 1987, a limited edition Henry Moore sculpture came with the prize money.[5]

SelectionEdit

Martha Thorne has been the Executive Director since 2009.[7] The director asks many people, including past winners, academics, critics and others involved in architecture to suggest possible winners.[4] Any licensed architect can also apply for the prize before 1 November every year. In 1988 Gordon Bunshaft applied for the award himself and eventually won it.[8] Five to nine jury members meet early the next year before announcing the winner in spring.[4]

WinnersEdit

The first winner was Philip Johnson. The award was "for 50 years of imagination and vitality" shown by the many "museums, theaters, libraries, houses, gardens and corporate structures".[9] The 2004 laureate Zaha Hadid was the first female prize winner.[10] Ryūe Nishizawa became the youngest winner in 2010 at age 44.[11] The most recent winner, in 2019, is Arata Isozaki.

List of prize winnersEdit

 
The inaugural laureate Philip Johnson
 
Winner in 1983, Ieoh Ming Pei
 
1984 laureate Richard Meier
 
Oscar Niemeyer won in 1988
 
1993 laureate Fumihiko Maki
 
Winner in 1995, Tadao Ando
 
1999 winner Norman Foster
 
Rem Koolhaas won in 2000
 
Jean Nouvel won in 2008
 
Kazuyo Sejima of SANAA won in 2010
Year Laureate Nationality Example work (year completed) Ceremony location Ref(s)
1979 Philip Johnson   United States   Glass House (1949) Dumbarton Oaks [12]
1980 Luis Barragán   Mexico   Torres de Satélite (1957) Dumbarton Oaks [3]
1981 Sir James Stirling   United Kingdom   Seeley Historical Library (1968) National Building Museum [13]
1982 Kevin Roche   Ireland   Knights of Columbus Building (1969) Art Institute of Chicago [2][A]
1983 Ieoh Ming Pei   United States   National Gallery of Art, East Building (1978) Metropolitan Museum of Art [14][15][B]
1984 Richard Meier   United States   High Museum of Art (1983) National Gallery of Art [2]
1985 Hans Hollein   Austria   Abteiberg Museum (1982) The Huntington Library [2]
1986 Gottfried Böhm   West Germany   Iglesia Youth Center Library (1968) Worshipful Company of Goldsmiths [2]
1987 Kenzō Tange   Japan   St. Mary's Cathedral, Tokyo (1964) Kimbell Art Museum [16]
1988 Gordon Bunshaft   United States   Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library (1963) Art Institute of Chicago [2]
1988 Oscar Niemeyer   Brazil   Cathedral of Brasília (1958) Art Institute of Chicago [2]
1989 Frank Gehry   Canada
  United States
  Walt Disney Concert Hall (1999–2003) Tōdai-ji [15][C]
1990 Aldo Rossi   Italy   Bonnefanten Museum (1990) Palazzo Grassi [17]
1991 Robert Venturi   United States   National Gallery (London), Sainsbury Wing (1991) Palacio de Iturbide [18]
1992 Álvaro Siza Vieira   Portugal   Pavilion of Portugal in Expo'98 (1998) Harold Washington Library [19]
1993 Fumihiko Maki   Japan   Tokyo Metropolitan Gymnasium (1991) Prague Castle [16]
1994 Christian de Portzamparc   France   French Embassy, Berlin (2003) The Commons, Columbus, Indiana [20]
1995 Tadao Ando   Japan   Nagaragawa Convention Center (1995) Palace of Versailles [21]
1996 Rafael Moneo   Spain   Kursaal Palace (1999) Getty Center [15]
1997 Sverre Fehn   Norway   Norwegian Glacier Museum (1991) Guggenheim Museum Bilbao [22]
1998 Renzo Piano   Italy Kansai International Airport (1994) White House [23]
1999 Norman Foster   United Kingdom   Millennium Bridge (London) (2000) Altes Museum [15]
2000 Rem Koolhaas   Netherlands   Casa da Música (2003) Jerusalem Archaeological Park [24]
2001 Herzog & de Meuron    Switzerland   Tate Modern (2000) Monticello [25]
2002 Glenn Murcutt   Australia   Berowra Waters Inn (1983) Michelangelo's Campidoglio [26]
2003 Jørn Utzon   Denmark   Sydney Opera House (1973) Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando [27]
2004 Zaha Hadid   United Kingdom
  Iraq
  Bridge Pavilion (2008) Hermitage Museum [15][D]
2005 Thom Mayne   United States   San Francisco Federal Building (2007) Pritzker Pavilion, Millennium Park [28]
2006 Paulo Mendes da Rocha   Brazil   Saint Peter Chapel, São Paulo (1987) Dolmabahçe Palace [29]
2007 Richard Rogers   United Kingdom   Lloyd's building (1986) Banqueting House, Whitehall [30]
2008 Jean Nouvel   France   Torre Agbar (2005) Library of Congress [15]
2009 Peter Zumthor    Switzerland   Therme Vals (1996) Legislative Palace of the City Council, Buenos Aires [15]
2010 Kazuyo Sejima and
Ryue Nishizawa (SANAA)
  Japan   21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa (2003) Ellis Island [15]
2011 Eduardo Souto de Moura   Portugal   Estádio Municipal de Braga, Braga (2004) Andrew W. Mellon Auditorium [31]
2012 Wang Shu   China   Ningbo Museum (2008) Beijing [32]
2013 Toyo Ito   Japan   Sendai Mediatheque, Sendai (2001) John F. Kennedy Presidential Library and Museum, Boston [33]
2014 Shigeru Ban   Japan     Takatori Catholic Church, Kobe (2005) Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam [34]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "The Purpose of the Pritzker Architecture Prize". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Retrieved June 24, 2009.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Goldberger, Paul (May 28, 1988). "Architecture View; What Pritzker Winners Tell Us About the Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Endicott, Katherine (October 14, 2006). "The Mexican garden revisited". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Nomination Process". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Retrieved July 3, 2009.
  5. 5.0 5.1 "History". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
  6. "Ceremony and Medal". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Retrieved June 29, 2009.
  7. "2009 Jury Members". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Retrieved July 3, 2009.
  8. How to win the Pritzker Architecture Prize: Practice, practice, practice (and don't be shy about nominating yourself)
  9. "Philip Johnson – 1979 Laureate – Jury Citation". Pritzker Architecture Prize official site. The Hyatt Foundation. Archived from the original on December 21, 2010. Retrieved June 30, 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  10. "Hadid designs landmark building". BBC News. January 15, 2005. Retrieved June 29, 2009.
  11. "Pritzker Architecture Prize 1984 Announcement". The Hyatt Foundation. Archived from the original on December 21, 2010. Retrieved March 30, 2010. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  12. "People – In the News". Milwaukee Sentinel. Associated Press. May 23, 1979. p. 2. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  13. Reynolds, Nigel (March 23, 2004). "Top prize for architect who is ignored by fellow British". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  14. "The Pritzker Architecture Prize". www.pritzkerprize.com. Retrieved 2009-12-31.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 15.6 15.7 Pilkington, Ed (April 14, 2009). "Swiss architect untouched by fad or fashion wins prized Pritzker award". The Guardian. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  16. 16.0 16.1 Muschamp, Herbert (April 26, 1993). "Pritzker Prize for Japanese Architect". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  17. Iovine, Julie (September 5, 1997). "Aldo Rossi, Architect of Monumental Simplicity, Dies at 66". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  18. Blau, Eleanor (April 8, 1991). "Robert Venturi Is to Receive Pritzker Architecture Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  19. Ribeiro, Ana Maria (February 24, 2009). "Siza Vieira fala para casa cheia". Correio da Manhã (in Portuguese). Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  20. Muschamp, Herbert (May 2, 1994). "Priztker prize goes to French architect for the first time". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  21. Viladas, Pilar (August 19, 2001). "Fashion's New Religion". The New York Times. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
  22. Samaniego, Fernando (June 1, 1997). "El noruego Sverre Fehn recibe el Pritzker de Arquitectura en el museo Guggenheim Bilbao". El País (in Spanish). Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  23. Muschamp, Herbert (April 20, 1998). "Renzo Piano Wins Architecture's Top Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  24. "Koolhaas receives 'Nobel of architecture' in Jerusalem". CNN. May 29, 2000. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  25. "Herzog & de Meuron Propose Castle in The Sky for Hamburg". Das Spiegel. June 14, 2005. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  26. "Top honour for Australian architect". BBC News. April 16, 2002. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  27. "Prize for Opera House designer". BBC News. April 7, 2003. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  28. "Paris skyscraper to rival tower". BBC News. November 28, 2006. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  29. Forgey, Benjamin (April 9, 2006). "Brazilian wins Pritzker Prize". Washington Post. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  30. Glancey, Jonathan (March 29, 2007). "Rogers takes the 'Nobel for architecture'". The Guardian. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
  31. Taylor, Kate (March 28, 2011). "Souto de Moura Wins 2011 Pritzker Architecture Prize". The New York Times. Retrieved March 28, 2011.
  32. Yuan Gao (March 4, 2012). "Wang Shu Wins 2012 Pritzker Architecture Prize". pritzker architecture prize. Retrieved March 4, 2012.
  33. Hawthorne, Christopher (March 17, 2013). "Japanese architect Toyo Ito, 71, wins Pritzker Prize". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 17, 2013.
  34. Hawthorne, Christopher (March 24, 2014). "Architect Shigeru Ban, known for disaster relief, wins Pritzker Prize". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 24, 2014.

Other websitesEdit