Secession in Russia

Secession in Russia typically refers to state secession, which is the withdrawal of one or more states from the Republic of Russia.[1][2]

SummaryEdit

This table shows only the list of movements. The source of each movement is cited in its own section. The population of each area is provided for information only.

Number Land Capital Area Population Ethnic Main Political Party
All of Asian Russia
1   Siberian Republic Novosibirsk 13,100,000 40,000,000 Sibiryak people Siberian regionalism
Far Eastern Federal District of Asian Russia
2   Sakha Republic Yakutsk 3,083,523 1,000,000 Yakut people Sakha-Amuk
3   Far Eastern Republic Chita 1,900,000 3,000,000 Nanai people Alliance of the Pacific Peoples
4   Chukotka Anadyr 737,700 50,000 Chukchi people
5   Buryatia Ulan-Ude 351,300 1,000,000 Buryat people All-Buryat Association
6   Koryakia Palana 292,600 15,000 Koryak people
7   Evenia Evensk 102,000 3,000 Even people
8   Jewishia (Yevrey) Birobidzhan 36,000 150,000 Jewish people
9   Nanaia Troitskoye 27,644 15,000 Nanai people Nanai People's Platform
Siberian Federal District of Asian Russia
10   Taymyria Dudinka 879,929 40,000 Dolgan people
11   Evenkia Tura 763,197 20,000 Evenk people
12   Tuva Kyzyl 170,500 300,000 Tuvan people People's Party of Sovereign Tuva
13   Selkupia Krasnoselkup 106,270 6,000 Selkup people
14   Altai Republic Gorno-Altaysk 92,600 220,000 Altai people Altai-Sayun United Movement
15   Khakassia Abakan 61,900 550,000 Khakas people
16   Shoria Tashtagol 25,000 15,000 Shor people
17   Ust-Orda Buryatia Ust-Ordynsky 22,138 150,000 Buryat people All-Buryat Association
18   Agin Buryatia Aginskoye 19,600 80,000 Buryat people All-Buryat Association
Ural Federal District of Asian Russia
19   Yamalia Salekhard 750,300 500,000 Nenets people Yamal for Future Generations
20   Khanty-Mansiysk (Yugra) Khanty-Mansiysk 534,800 1,500,000 Finno-Ugric people Association to Save Yurga
Ural Federal District of European Russia
21   Ural Republic Yekaterinburg 194,800 4,300,000 Russian people Ural Democratic Foundation
Volga Federal District of European Russia
22   Idel-Ural Kazan 321,400 11,000,000 Volga people Free Idel-Ural
23   Bashkortostan Ufa 143,600 4,050,000 Bashkir people The Heavenly Wolf
24   Tatarstan Kazan 68,000 4,000,000 Tatar people All-Tatar Public Center
25   Udmurtia Izhevsk 42,100 1,500,000 Udmurt people Udmurt Republican National Party
26   Mordovia Saransk 26,200 800,000 Mordvin people Democracy and Independence Mordvin Front
27   Mari El Yoshkar-Ola 23,200 700,000 Mari people Mari Ushem
28   Chuvashia Cheboksary 18,300 1,250,000 Chuvash people Chuvash National Movement
Northwestern Federal District of European Russia
29   Komi Republic Syktyvkar 415,900 850,000 Komi people Komi People's Congress
30   Nenetsia Naryan-Mar 176,700 45,000 Nenets people Nenet National Movement
31   Karelia Petrozavodsk 172,400 600,000 Karelian people
32   Kaliningrad Kaliningrad 84,500 1,800,000 Russian people
33   Permyakia Kudymkar 32,770 120,000 Komi people Komi People's Congress
34   Leningrad Leningrad 15,100 1,000,000 Ingrian people Free Ingria
Southern Federal District of European Russia
35   Don Republic Rostov 100,800 4,200,000 Donian people Free Cossack Movement (Rostov Oblast)
36   Kuban Krasnodar 76,000 5,300,000 Kubanian people Free Cossack Movement (Krasnodar Krai)
37   Kalmykia Elista 76,000 300,000 Kalmyk people
North Caucasian Federal District of European Russia
38   Circassia Sochi 50,000 1,000,000 Circassian people Circassian nationalism
39   Chechnya Grozny 17,300 1,500,000 Chechen people Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
40   Lezgistan Derbent 10,000 800,000 Lezgin people Lezgin nationalism
41   Karachay-Balkaria Karachayevsk 10,000 300,000 Turkic people Balkar and Karachay nationalism
42   Ingushetia Magas 3,000 500,000 Ingush people Ingush People Council
43   Rutulstan Rutul 2,170 20,000 Rutul people Rutul National Revival Front
44   Abazinia Adlersky 2,000 50,000 Abkhaz people World Congress of Abkhaz-Abazin people
45   Lakistan Kumukh 1,500 200,000 Lak people Lak National Council
46   Tabasaranstan Khuchni 1,400 75,000 Tabasaran people Tabasaran National Movement
47   Avaria Khunzakh Unknown 850,000 Avar people Avar National Union
48   Darginstan Levashi Unknown 500,000 Dargin people Free Society of Dargo
49   Kumykia Tarki Unknown 500,000 Kumyk people Tenglik
50   Nogaia Erken Unknown 100,000 Nogai people Association of Nogais of Dagestan
51   Aghulistan Aguldere Unknown 25,000 Aghul people Agul Gelinbatan
Total   Secession in Russia 15,000,000 80,000,000 Ethnic Groups Secession in Russia
Total   Russia Moscow 17,100,000 150,000,000 Russian people Russian nationalism

Asian RussiaEdit

SummaryEdit

This table shows only the list of movements. The source of each movement is cited in its own section. The population of each area is provided for information only.

Number Land Capital Area Population Ethnic Main Political Party
All of Asian Russia
1   Siberian Republic Novosibirsk 13,100,000 40,000,000 Sibiryak people Siberian regionalism
Far Eastern Federal District of Asian Russia
2   Sakha Republic Yakutsk 3,083,523 1,000,000 Yakut people Sakha-Amuk
3   Far Eastern Republic Chita 1,900,000 3,000,000 Nanai people Alliance of the Pacific Peoples
4   Chukotka Anadyr 737,700 50,000 Chukchi people
5   Buryatia Ulan-Ude 351,300 1,000,000 Buryat people All-Buryat Association
6   Koryakia Palana 292,600 15,000 Koryak people
7   Evenia Evensk 102,000 3,000 Even people
8   Jewishia (Yevrey) Birobidzhan 36,000 150,000 Jewish people
9   Nanaia Troitskoye 27,644 15,000 Nanai people Nanai People's Platform
Siberian Federal District of Asian Russia
10   Taymyria Dudinka 879,929 40,000 Dolgan people
11   Evenkia Tura 763,197 20,000 Evenk people
12   Tuva Kyzyl 170,500 300,000 Tuvan people People's Party of Sovereign Tuva
13   Selkupia Krasnoselkup 106,270 6,000 Selkup people
14   Altai Republic Gorno-Altaysk 92,600 220,000 Altai people Altai-Sayun United Movement
15   Khakassia Abakan 61,900 550,000 Khakas people
16   Shoria Tashtagol 25,000 15,000 Shor people
17   Ust-Orda Buryatia Ust-Ordynsky 22,138 150,000 Buryat people All-Buryat Association
18   Agin Buryatia Aginskoye 19,600 80,000 Buryat people All-Buryat Association
Ural Federal District of Asian Russia
19   Yamalia Salekhard 750,300 500,000 Nenets people Yamal for Future Generations
20   Khanty-Mansiysk (Yugra) Khanty-Mansiysk 534,800 1,500,000 Finno-Ugric people Association to Save Yurga
Total   Secession in Asian Russia 13,100,000 40,000,000 Ethnic Groups Secession in Russia
Total   Asian Russia Novosibirsk 13,100,000 40,000,000 Russian people Russian nationalism

Asian RussiaEdit

  Siberia or Siberian Federal District[3][4]

Far Eastern Federal DistrictEdit

  Chukotka

Template:Country data Koryakia

  Far Eastern Republic

Template:Country data Sakha Republic

  Buryatia[6]

  • Ethnic group: Buryats
    • Proposed state:   Buryatia
    • Political party:All-Buryat Association for the Development of Culture

  Evenia

Template:Country data Jewish Autonomous Oblast

  Nanaia

Siberian Federal DistrictEdit

  Taymyrsky Dolgano-Nenetsky District[7][8]

Template:Country data Agin-Buryat Autonomous Okrug

  Altai Republic

  • Ethnic group: Altai people
    • Proposed state:   Confederated Republic of Altai
    • Movement: Altai-Sayun United Movement
    • Organizations: Altai Turks Associstion, Kurualtai of the Altai People
    • Political parties: Confederal Nation of the Altai Tribes, Ene-Bayat

  Evenkia

Template:Country data Khakassia

  Selkupia

  Shor Mountain

  Tuva

  • Ethnic group: Tuvans
  • Proposed state:   Tuva
    • Political parties: People's Party of Sovereign Tuva, People's Front "Free Tuva", Tiva Turu

  Ust-Orda Buryat Autonomous Okrug

Ural Federal DistrictEdit

Template:Country data Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug [10] [11] [12]

  Yamalia/Nenets Autonomous Okrug

European RussiaEdit

SummaryEdit

This table shows only the list of movements. The source of each movement is cited in its own section. The population of each area is provided for information only.

Number Land Capital Area Population Ethnic Main Political Party
Ural Federal District of European Russia
1   Ural Republic Yekaterinburg 194,800 4,300,000 Russian people Ural Democratic Foundation
Volga Federal District of European Russia
2   Idel-Ural Kazan 321,400 11,000,000 Volga people Free Idel-Ural
3   Bashkortostan Ufa 143,600 4,050,000 Bashkir people The Heavenly Wolf
4   Tatarstan Kazan 68,000 4,000,000 Tatar people All-Tatar Public Center
5   Udmurtia Izhevsk 42,100 1,500,000 Udmurt people Udmurt Republican National Party
6   Mordovia Saransk 26,200 800,000 Mordvin people Democracy and Independence Mordvin Front
7   Mari El Yoshkar-Ola 23,200 700,000 Mari people Mari Ushem
8   Chuvashia Cheboksary 18,300 1,250,000 Chuvash people Chuvash National Movement
Northwestern Federal District of European Russia
9   Komi Republic Syktyvkar 415,900 850,000 Komi people Komi People's Congress
10   Nenetsia Naryan-Mar 176,700 45,000 Nenets people Nenet National Movement
11   Karelia Petrozavodsk 172,400 600,000 Karelian people
12   Kaliningrad Kaliningrad 84,500 1,800,000 Russian people
13   Permyakia Kudymkar 32,770 120,000 Komi people Komi People's Congress
14   Leningrad Leningrad 15,100 1,000,000 Ingrian people Free Ingria
Southern Federal District of European Russia
15   Don Republic Rostov 100,800 4,200,000 Donian people Free Cossack Movement (Rostov Oblast)
16   Kuban Krasnodar 76,000 5,300,000 Kubanian people Free Cossack Movement (Krasnodar Krai)
17   Kalmykia Elista 76,000 300,000 Kalmyk people
North Caucasian Federal District of European Russia
18   Circassia Sochi 50,000 1,000,000 Circassian people Circassian nationalism
19   Chechnya Grozny 17,300 1,500,000 Chechen people Chechen Republic of Ichkeria
20   Lezgistan Derbent 10,000 800,000 Lezgin people Lezgin nationalism
21   Karachay-Balkaria Karachayevsk 10,000 300,000 Turkic people Balkar and Karachay nationalism
22   Ingushetia Magas 3,000 500,000 Ingush people Ingush People Council
23   Rutulstan Rutul 2,170 20,000 Rutul people Rutul National Revival Front
24   Abazinia Adlersky 2,000 50,000 Abkhaz people World Congress of Abkhaz-Abazin people
25   Lakistan Kumukh 1,500 200,000 Lak people Lak National Council
26   Tabasaranstan Khuchni 1,400 75,000 Tabasaran people Tabasaran National Movement
27   Avaria Khunzakh Unknown 850,000 Avar people Avar National Union
28   Darginstan Levashi Unknown 500,000 Dargin people Free Society of Dargo
29   Kumykia Tarki Unknown 500,000 Kumyk people Tenglik
30   Nogaia Erken Unknown 100,000 Nogai people Association of Nogais of Dagestan
31   Aghulistan Aguldere Unknown 25,000 Aghul people Agul Gelinbatan
Total   Secession in European Russia 1,900,000 40,000,000 Ethnic Groups Dissolution of Russia
Total   European Russia Moscow 4,000,000 110,000,000 Russian people Russian nationalism
 
Tatarstan
 
Map of Ingria/Leningrad Oblast claimed by the advocacy group of Free Ingria, which also likely comprises another federal subject, Saint Petersburg.

Ural Federal DistrictEdit

  Sverdlovsk Oblast[13][14][15]

Volga Federal DistrictEdit

  Idel-Ural[16][17]

  Mari El

Template:Country data Mordovia

  Tatarstan[19][20][21]

  • People: Tatars
    • Militant organisation: All-Tatar Public Center
      • Advocacy groups: The Union of Tatar Youth, Tatar Patriotic Front Altyn Urda, Tatar Social Center
      • Government in exile: Tatar Government in Exile
      • Organization: Ittifaq Party
    • Proposed state:   Tatarstan

Template:Country data Udmurtia[22]

  Bashkortostan[19]

  • People: Bashkir
    • Advocacy groups: Bashkort Public Organization, Bashkir Human Rights Movement, Council of Aksakals of Bashkortostan, Bashkir Social Movement
      • Political party: The Heavenly Wolf
    • Proposed state:   Bashkortostan

  Chuvashia[23]

  • People: Chuvash
    • Proposed state:   Chuvashia
      • Movements: Chuvash National Movement, Chuvash Republican Youth
      • Organization: Chuvash Ireklekh Society of National-Cultural Rebirth

Northwestern Federal DistrictEdit

  Nenetsia

Template:Country data Komi Republic[24]

  • People: Komi
    • Proposed state:   Komi Republic
      • Political organizations: Komi Republican Organization
      • Advocacy movements: Komi Voityr, Finno-Ugric Peoples Consultative Committee
      • Organization: Komi People's Congress

  Leningrad Oblast[25][26]

  Komi-Permyak Okrug[27]

    Karelia

  Kaliningrad Oblast

Southern Federal DistrictEdit

  Kuban [29][30]

  Don Republic[31][32]

  Kalmykia [33] [34]

North Caucasian Federal DistrictEdit

 
A map of list federal subjects and districts that has separatist movements in North Caucasus Federal District.

  Chechnya

 
Greater Sochi map (Abazinia)/Adlersky City District and Khostinsky City District

  Abazinia[39][40][41]

  Circassia

  Aghulistan

  Avaria[43]

  Darginstan

Template:Country data Ingushetia

 
Ethnic map of Kabardino-Balkaria, 2002.
 
Ethnic map of Karachay-Cherkessia, 2010

  Karachay-Balkaria

  Kumykia

  Lakistan

  Lezgistan

  Nogaia

  Rutulstan

  Tabasaranstan

MapsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. https://books.google.com/books?id=NwvoM-ZFoAgC&pg=PA572&lpg=PA572&dq=Rutulstan&source=bl&ots=8dQeJbU5tm&sig=ACfU3U2slUrl_cpMAYA3WypZTpTIbms1sQ&hl=en&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwjNlIz_g8DnAhVDSxUIHesiBCIQ6AEwAXoECAsQAQ#v=onepage&q=Rutulstan&f=false
  2. https://althistory.fandom.com/wiki/Administrative_Divisions_of_Eurasia_(In_Frederick%27s_Fields)
  3. Region Expert (in Russian). 16 December 2019 http://region.expert/shaman-prospects/. Retrieved 9 January 2020. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. Region Expert (in Russian). 19 January 2020 https://region.expert/poliudova/. Retrieved 9 January 2020. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  5. Minahan, James (30 May 2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World A-Z [4 Volumes]. ISBN 9780313076961.
  6. Vorozhko, Tatiana (21 March 2014). "Buryatia has already started talking about independence from Russia". Voice of America (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 31 October 2019.
  7. Korolkova, Elizabeth (2017-12-07). ""They keep their dead in the barn": why they cannot bury the dead in Taymyr". Open Russia (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2019-11-14. Retrieved 2019-10-02.
  8. Starinova, Julia (2017-07-26). "Taymyr residents again demand a referendum on autonomy". Radio Liberty (in Russian). Retrieved 2019-10-02.
  9. Minahan, James (30 May 2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: Ethnic and National Groups Around the World A-Z [4 Volumes]. ISBN 9780313076961.
  10. Libman, Alexander; Rochlitz, Michael (2019). Federalism in China and Russia. ISBN 9781788972192.
  11. The Republics and Regions of the Russian Federation: A Guide to Politics, Policies, and Leaders. 2000. ISBN 9780765605597.
  12. Giuliano, Elise (15 March 2011). Constructing Grievance: Ethnic Nationalism in Russia's Republics. ISBN 9780801460722.
  13. Andrey, Romanov (28 May 2019). "The Urals will become free, even if the West will save Moscow". Region Expert (in Russian). Retrieved 16 September 2019.
  14. "Ural Republic is the future". After Empire (in Russian). 17 October 2017. Archived from the original on 29 October 2019. Retrieved 29 October 2019.
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  16. Goble, Paul (2018-03-24). "Free Idel-Ural Movement takes shape in Kyiv". Euromaidan Press. Retrieved 2019-09-16.
  17. Podobed, Pavel (12 April 2019). "Tatarstan is silent, suffering, waiting for an opportunity". ZN UA (in Russian). Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  18. http://uralistica.com/forum/topics/2161342:Topic:171113?commentId=2161342%3AComment%3A171436
  19. 19.0 19.1 Eltsov, Peter (3 August 2019). "The Best Way to Deal With Russia: Wait for It to Implode". Politico. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  20. Alpout, Ramadan (5 June 2019). "Members of the Tatar "government in exile" ask the Russian opposition to recognize the independence of the Idel-Ural republics". Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty (in Russian). Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  21. Shtepa, Vadim (19 June 2019). "Independent Tatarstan will not be a colony or a metropolis". Region Expert (in Russian). Retrieved 30 October 2019.
  22. "POHC", В Удмуртия появилась организация региональных сепаратистов
  23. Ashurov, Alexander (19 January 2016). "Longing for sovereignty of Chuvashia inspired in Ukraine". EADaily (in Russian). Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  24. "The program of the Komi Republican Association "Doryam Asnymys" ("Protect Yourself")". Region Expert (in Russian). 16 September 2019. Retrieved 9 October 2019.
  25. "The site of the movement "Free Ingria" is blocked". Meduza (in Russian). 24 July 2017. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  26. Goble, Paul (30 May 2016). "By Attacking 'Free Ingria' Leader, Moscow Highlights Regionalist Challenge to Itself in Russia's Northwest". Window on Eurasia. Retrieved 22 October 2019.
  27. Subbotin, Ivan (6 May 2015). ""We are patriots, not separatists!" Residents of the Komi District hope that autonomy will be returned to them". RIA URA (in Russian). Retrieved 8 October 2019.
  28. "Kaliningrad Separatism Again on the Rise", Jamestown
  29. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/aug/15/russia-fledgling-independence-movements
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  32. https://www.refworld.org/docid/51dfba394.html
  33. https://jamestown.org/kalmyks-protest-donbas-separatist-who-was-appointed-mayor-of-republican-capital/
  34. https://www.refworld.org/docid/49749cbf2.html
  35. The Putin-Osama Connection Archived 16 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Frontpage Magazine, 16 January 2008
  36. Sengupta and Chatterjee. Geographies: Perspectives from Eurasia. 15 December 2014. (page number not shown on page, but is available by text search): "The Chechen Republic of Ichkeria has collapsed and since then only remains a government in exile"
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  38. Liz Fuller (6 June 2017). "Facts In Attack On National Guard In Chechnya Questioned". RFERL. quote= "Akhmed Zakayev, the head of the independent Chechen Republic Ichkeria government in exile, similarly told Kavkaz.Realii that he was absolutely certain the Naurskaya attackers had no ties to IS or to any other terrorist group."
  39. "Abhazyam".
  40. https://www.loc.gov/newspapers/?fa=subject%3Apolitics+and+government%7Clocation%3Ageorgia%7Csubject%3Anewspapers%7Csubject%3Aabkhazia%7Clanguage%3Arussian%7Csubject%3Aadgylara+(political+party+%3A+abkhazia%2C+georgia)&c=25&all=true. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  41. "Seldon News".
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  43. "TRT World".
  44. https://minorityrights.org/minorities/dargins/
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  46. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2019-12-22. Retrieved 2020-02-08.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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  49. https://books.google.com.my/books?id=3_zn1QVngzQC&q=Nogai+separatist&dq=Nogai+separatist&hl=ja&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjenvmRuoLnAhXtyzgGHWBTCJkQ6AEIKTAA
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  52. https://books.google.com.my/books?id=pGClDAAAQBAJ&pg=PA405&lpg=PA405&dq=Tabasaran+stateless+nation&source=bl&ots=clDdVxM1E_&sig=ACfU3U2BCgA_rdYVXxmus0zrbLkAwGSXpQ&hl=ja&sa=X&ved=2ahUKEwi69r27xP7mAhUwxjgGHestCRUQ6AEwAHoECAgQAQ#v=onepage&q=Tabasaran%20stateless%20nation&f=false

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