1685 (MDCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1685th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 685th year of the 2nd millennium, the 85th year of the 17th century, and the 6th year of the 1680s decade. As of the start of 1685, the Gregorian calendar was 10 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 16th century17th century18th century
Decades: 1650s  1660s  1670s  – 1680s –  1690s  1700s  1710s
Years: 1682 1683 168416851686 1687 1688
1685 in other calendars
Gregorian calendar1685
Ab urbe condita2438
Armenian calendar1134
Assyrian calendar6435
Balinese saka calendar1606–1607
Bengali calendar1092
Berber calendar2635
English Regnal year36 Cha. 2 – 1 Ja. 2
Buddhist calendar2229
Burmese calendar1047
Byzantine calendar7193–7194
Chinese calendar甲子(Wood Rat)
4381 or 4321
    — to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
4382 or 4322
Coptic calendar1401–1402
Discordian calendar2851
Ethiopian calendar1677–1678
Hebrew calendar5445–5446
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1741–1742
 - Shaka Samvat1606–1607
 - Kali Yuga4785–4786
Holocene calendar11685
Igbo calendar685–686
Iranian calendar1063–1064
Islamic calendar1096–1097
Japanese calendarJōkyō 2
Javanese calendar1607–1609
Julian calendarGregorian minus 10 days
Korean calendar4018
Minguo calendar227 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar217
Thai solar calendar2227–2228
Tibetan calendar阳木鼠年
(male Wood-Rat)
1811 or 1430 or 658
    — to —
(female Wood-Ox)
1812 or 1431 or 659




  • The Chinese army of the Qing Dynasty attacks a Russian post at Albazin, during the reigns of the Kangxi Emperor and the dual Russian rulers Ivan V of Russia and Peter I of Russia. The events lead to the Treaty of Nerchinsk.[2]
  • Adam Baldridge founds a pirate base in St Mary Island in the Madagascar.
  • On a trading expedition to the Mississippi, explorer Michel Mathieu Brunet dit Lestang discovers La Baie des Puants (present-day Green Bay, Wisc.).




  • January 2 – Harbottle Grimston, English politician (born 1603)
  • February 6 – King Charles II of England, Scotland and Ireland (born 1630)
  • February 11 – David Teniers III, Flemish painter (born 1638)
  • February 24 – Charles Howard, 1st Earl of Carlisle, English politician and military leader (born 1629)
  • March 22 – Emperor Go-Sai of Japan (born 1638)
  • May 26 – Karl II, Elector Palatine (born 1651)
  • July 15 – James Scott, 1st Duke of Monmouth, illegitimate son of Charles II of England (beheaded) (born 1649)
  • July 28 – Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington, English statesman (born 1618)
  • September 1 – Leoline Jenkins, Welsh lawyer and diplomat (born 1625)
  • October 12 – Christoph Ignaz Abele, Austrian jurist (born 1628)
  • October 30 – Michel le Tellier, French statesman (born 1603)
  • December 12 – John Pell, English mathematician (born 1610)
  • date unknown Nalan Xingde, Chinese poet who became a scholar and officer in the Imperial Bodyguard (born 1655)


  1. Texas Handbook
  2. Roberts, J: "History of the World.". Penguin, 1994.