Les Cayes

city in Haiti

Les Cayes (Kréyòl: Okay; English: The Cays) is a town in southwest Haiti near the river Ravine du Sud, on the Caribbean coast. It is the capital of the Sud Département.

Les Cayes
(Kréyòl): Okay
Entrance gate to Les Cayes
Entrance gate to Les Cayes
Aux Cayes
Les Cayes is located in Haiti
Les Cayes
Les Cayes
Les Cayes in Haiti
Coordinates: 18°12′N 73°45′W / 18.200°N 73.750°W / 18.200; -73.750
ArrondisementLes Cayes
 • Total48,095
 • Demonym
(female cayenne)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)

Les Cayes is at about 196 km southwest of the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince. It is also the chief town of an arrondissement (a part of a department) with the same name. The arrondissement has six communes (a commune is like a municipality): Les Cayes, Camp-Perrin, Chantal, Île à Vache, Maniche and Torbeck.

Name change

The town had the name of Aux Cayes ("On the cays") because the small Île à Vache island and other cays (Grande Caye and Petite Caye) are near the town. Now the name is just Les Cayes; Kréyòl still keeps the old name.

History change

In 1504, Diego Velázquez founded the town of Salvatierra de la Sabana[1] (or Salvatierra de la Zabana) where is now Les Cayes. From here, he left for Cuba to take control of that island on 7 November 1511.

But people left completely the town in 1540 and the French Monsier de la Lance founded the modern town of Les Cayes in 1726. The town was destroyed by two hurricanes in 1781 and 1788.

On 28 December 1815, Simón Bolívar came to Les Cayes looking for help to fight against the Spanish government in South America. Bolívar left Haiti on 10 April 1816 for Venezuela, but came back in September of that year to this Haitian town when he lost some battles in South America. He went back to South America in December of the same year.

Economy change

Les Cayes is one of the most important port of Haiti, where coffee, sugar, bananas and timber are sent to other countries and other parts of Haiti. There is also an airport, Antoine Simon Airport, with the name of a president of Haiti that was born in Les Cayes.

People born in Les Cayes change

Images change

References change

  1. Incháustegui, J. Marino (1955). Historia Dominicana, Tomo I (in Spanish). Ciudad Trujillo, República Dominicana: Impresora Dominicana. p. 72.

Other websites change

Department capitals of Haiti  
Cap-HaïtienFort-LibertéGonaïvesHincheJacmelJérémieLes CayesMiragoânePort-au-PrincePort-de-Paix