Liechtenstein, officially the Principality of Liechtenstein, is a country in Western Europe. It is the sixth smallest country in the world and, with Uzbekistan, one of only two doubly landlocked countries. This means that it is landlocked by landlocked countries. Liechtenstein is between Austria and Switzerland.
Principality of Liechtenstein
|Motto: Für Gott, Fürst und Vaterland|
For God, Prince and Fatherland
(English: "High on the Young Rhine")
|Government||Unitary parliamentary democracy and|
|Independence as principality|
• Independence from the German Confederation
|160 km2 (62 sq mi) (215th)|
• Water (%)
• 2010 estimate
• 2000 census
|224/km2 (580.2/sq mi) (57th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2009 estimate|
|$3.409 billion (163rd)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2009 estimate|
|$4.797 billion (147th)|
• Per capita
|HDI (2010)|| 0.905|
very high · 8th
|Currency||Swiss franc (CHF)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
• Summer (DST)
|ISO 3166 code||LI|
The capital of Liechtenstein is Vaduz, a very small town of 5,000 people. Liechtenstein is famous for its many private banks.
Liechtenstein is known as a principality. It's head of state is the Prince of Liechtenstein. This makes the country unique as it is one of the only remaining monarchies in the world where the ruler is known as a prince.
The Liechtenstein family wanted more power within the Holy Roman Empire. In the 17th century, the Holy Roman Emperor made Karl Liechtenstein a Prince. Karl's descendant, Hans Adam I purchased the lands of the County of Vaduz and the Lordship of Schellenberg and united them into one principality.
Liechtenstein is located in the European Alps and is bordered to the east by the Austrian state of Vorarlberg, to the south by the canton of Grisons (Switzerland) and to the west by the canton of St. Gallen (Switzerland).
Despite its Alpine location, prevailing southerly winds make the climate comparatively mild. In winter, the mountain slopes are well suited to winter sports.
Liechtenstein is a constitutional monarchy, meaning that the head of state is a monarch (with the title Prince Regnant) but has limited political powers. The Prince can veto legislations, call for a referendum, create new bills and dissolve parliament.
Related pages Edit
- Raum, Umwelt und Energie Archived 2011-10-12 at the Wayback Machine, Landesverwaltung Liechtenstein. Accessed on 2 October 2011
- Bevölkerungsstatistik 30. Juni 2010 Archived 2013-11-14 at the Wayback Machine, Landesverwaltung Liechtenstein. Accessed on 2 October 2011
- Bevölkerungsstruktur – Band 1 Archived 2013-10-13 at the Wayback Machine, Liechtensteinische Volkszählung 2000, Landesverwaltung Liechtenstein. Accessed on 2 October 2011.
- Key Figures for Liechtenstein Archived 2009-09-17 at the Wayback Machine, Landesverwaltung Liechtenstein. Accessed on 2 October 2011.
- World Development Indicators, World Bank. Accessed on 2 October 2011. Note: "PPP conversion factor, GDP (LCU per international $)" and "Official exchange rate (LCU per US$, period average)" for Switzerland were used.
- Bevölkerungsstatistik Archived 2013-11-17 at the Wayback Machine. 30 June 2009, Landesverwaltung Liechtenstein. Accessed on 2 October 2011.
- Human Development Report 2010 (PDF). United Nations. 2010. ISBN 9780230284456. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 November 2010. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- Population by sex, rate of population increase, surface area and density