Memphis is the second-largest city in the state of Tennessee. The city has a large port on the Mississippi River. It is also well known for blues music and barbecue. The city is also home to FedEx, a leading company that ships packages around the world. Memphis is also known for being the home of rock and roll legend Elvis Presley.
|City of Memphis|
Bluff City, Home of the Blues
|Founded||May 22, 1819|
|Incorporated||December 19, 1826|
|Named for||Memphis, Egypt|
|• Mayor||Jim Strickland (D)|
|• City||304.62 sq mi (788.97 km2)|
|• Land||296.98 sq mi (769.18 km2)|
|• Water||7.64 sq mi (19.79 km2)|
|Elevation||337 ft (103 m)|
|• Rank||28th in the United States|
2nd in Tennessee
|• Density||2,131.81/sq mi (823.09/km2)|
|• Metro||1,337,779 (43rd)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
|Major State Routes|
|Waterways||Mississippi River, Wolf River|
|Airport||Memphis International Airport|
|Website||City of Memphis|
The United States took the land from Spain in 1797, and Andrew Jackson implemented the Indian Removal Act that facilitated the expulsion of the Cherokee from the area, making it available to white settlers. The city was established in 1819. Until the American Civil War, Memphis was a hub of cotton and slave trade. Brutal riots of angry whites against black people took place in 1866, in which 46 African Americans were killed. Yellow fever struck the city in the 1870s, killing a lot of people. The city recovered, and its population more than doubled.
The Memphis sanitation strikes was one of the key movements in the Civil Rights Movement. Musicians such as Elvis Presley, Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis and B.B. King influenced the city's identity as the birthplace of rock and roll.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
- "QuickFacts: Memphis city, Tennessee". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
- "2020 Population and Housing State Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 August 2021.
- "ZIP Code Lookup". USPS. Archived from the original on January 1, 2008. Retrieved October 3, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "Mayor of Memphis". Archived from the original on 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2009-10-02.