Angola, (//), officially the Republic of Angola, is a country in southern Africa bordered by Namibia on the south, the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the north, and Zambia on the east; its west coast is on the Atlantic Ocean with Luanda as its capital city.
Republic of Angola
República de Angola (Portuguese)
Anthem: "Angola Avante"
(English: "Onwards Angola")
and largest city
|Ethnic groups |
21% Other African
2% Mestiço (mixed European and African)
|Government||Unitary dominant-party presidential constitutional republic|
|Bornito de Sousa|
|11 November 1975|
|22 November 1976|
|21 January 2010|
|1,246,700 km2 (481,400 sq mi) (22nd)|
• Water (%)
• 2020 estimate
• 2014 census
|24.97/km2 (64.7/sq mi) (157th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2019 estimate|
|$208.034 billion (64th)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2019 estimate|
|$124.600 billion (61st)|
• Per capita
|HDI (2019)|| 0.581|
medium · 148th
|Time zone||UTC+1 (WAT)|
|ISO 3166 code||AO|
Angola is a member state of the African Union, the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, the Latin Union, South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone and the Southern African Development Community.
Portugal built up its power in Angola from the late 15th to the middle 20th century.
After independence there was a civil war from 1975 to 2002. Cuba and the Soviet Bloc supported the ruling People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA). South Africa supported the insurgent anti-communist National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). The war ended after the rebel leader was killed.
Angola is the world's twenty-third largest country. Angola is bordered by Namibia to the south, Zambia to the east, the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the north-east, and the South Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Angola's average temperature on the coast is 16 °C (61 °F) in the winter and 21 °C (70 °F) in the summer. It has two seasons; dry (May to October) and hot rainy (November to April).
Angola had a population of 25,789,024 in 2014.
Angola is divided into eighteen provinces.
See List of settlements in Angola for the cities and towns in the country.
- "Angola". Association of Religion Data Archives. 2015. Retrieved 18 May 2020.
- "Início". www.ine.gov.ao. Archived from the original on 2020-03-19. Retrieved 2020-04-18.
- Resultados Definitivos do Recenseamento Geral da População e da Habitação de Angola 2014 [Final Results of the General Census of Population and Housing of Angola 2014] (PDF) (in Portuguese), Instituto Nacional de Estatística, March 2016, archived from the original (PDF) on 6 May 2016
- "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects: Angola". International Monetary Fund.
- "GINI index (World Bank estimate) - Angola". data.worldbank.org. World Bank. Retrieved 22 March 2020.
- "Human Development Report 2020" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. December 15, 2020. Retrieved December 15, 2020.
- "Resultados Definitivos Recenseamento Geral da População e Habitação - 2014" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estatística, República de Angola. Retrieved 3 May 2020.