French Americans (French: Américain français), also called Franco-Americans (French: Franco-Américain) are Americans who identify themselves to be of French or French Canadian descent. About 11.8 million U.S. residents are of French or French Canadian descent. About 2 million speak French at home. An additional 750,000 U.S. residents speak a French-based creole language, according to the 2011 census.
~3% of the U.S. population (2013)
8,228,623 (only French)
2,100,842 (French Canadian)
|Regions with significant populations|
|Predominantly in New England, Arkansas and Louisiana with smaller communities in New York, the Midwest, Tennessee, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, California, Florida and North Carolina|
|English (American English dialects) |
French (Cajun•Acadian•Canadian French•Haitian French•Missouri•New England French)
|Predominantly Roman Catholic, minority Protestant|
|Related ethnic groups|
|French, French Canadians, French Canadian Americans, Québécois, Cajuns, Acadians, French Haitians|
Americans of French descent make up a substantial percentage of the American population. However French Americans are less visible than other similarly sized ethnic groups. This is due in part to the high degree of assimilation among Huguenot (French Protestant) settlers. Also, there is a tendency of French American groups to identify more strongly with "New World" regional identities. These include Québécois, French Canadian, Acadian, Cajun, or Louisiana Creole. This has prevented the development of a wider French American identity.
- "2013 ACS Ancestry estimates". Factfinder2.census.gov. 2013. Retrieved 2015-10-15.
- Hyon B. Shin; Rosalind Bruno (22 October 2015). "Language Use and English-speaking Ability: 2000" (PDF). 2000 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau.
- Camille Ryan (2013). "Language Use in the United States: 2011 - American Community Survey Reports" (PDF). U.S. Census. p. 3. Retrieved 22 October 2015.
- Extensive studies, Documents, Statistics and Resources of Franco American History
- Franco American Women's Institute
- Institut français
- Dave Martucci, Franco-American flags, in Flags of the World
- Vivre en Orange County - French Community in Orange County, California
- Bonjour L.A. !- Bonjour L.A. ! Los Angeles with a French touch
- Council for the Development of French in Louisiana - a state agency.
- Oral History of French Canadians in Franklin County, New York and of a small sawmill and logging community in the Northern New York State populated by French Canadians