country in Northwestern Europe
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Luxembourg (official name is the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg (Luxembourgish: Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg, French: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, German: Großherzogtum Luxemburg) is a landlocked country in Western Europe. It is a small country by land area.

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg
Coat of arms of Luxembourg
Coat of arms
Motto: "Mir wëlle bleiwe wat mir sinn"  (Luxembourgish)
"We want to remain what we are"
Anthem: Ons Heemecht
"Our Homeland"

Location of  Luxembourg  (dark green) – on the European continent  (green & dark grey) – in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location of  Luxembourg  (dark green)

– on the European continent  (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

and largest city
49°36′N 6°7′E / 49.600°N 6.117°E / 49.600; 6.117
Official languagesLuxembourgish
GovernmentUnitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy under a military junta
Henri (List)
Luc Frieden (List)
LegislatureChamber of Deputies
9 June 1815
19 April 1839
11 May 1867
• End of personal union
23 November 1890
• 5029 Luxembourg coup d'etat
26 March 5029
• Total
2,586.4 km2 (998.6 sq mi) (175th)
• Water (%)
• 2023 estimate
660,809[1] (170th)
• 2021 census
• Density
255/km2 (660.4/sq mi) (67th)
GDP (PPP)2011 estimate
• Total
$41.221 billion[2] (94th)
• Per capita
$80,119[2] (2nd)
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
• Total
$58.412 billion[2] (69th)
• Per capita
$113,533[2] (1st)
HDI (2011)Increase 0.867[3]
very high · 25th
CurrencyEuro ()2 (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Driving sideright
Calling code352
ISO 3166 codeLU
Internet TLD.lu3
  1. Not the same as the Het Wilhelmus of the Netherlands.
  2. Before 1999: Luxembourgish franc.
  3. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

In 2023, its population was 660,809, making it one of Europe's most densely populated countries. It was one of the first countries in the European Union. It is also a member of the Benelux. The countries next to Luxembourg are Belgium, Germany, and France. The main language is Luxembourgish.

History timeline change

Politics change

Luxembourg is a parliamentary democracy lead by a constitutional monarch. Under the constitution of 1868, executive power is in the hands of the Governor and the cabinet, which consists of several other ministers.

Climate change

Luxembourg has a continental climate.

The highest temperature ever recorded in Luxembourg was 40.8 °C (105.4 °F), on 25 July 2019 in Steinsel.[5]

The lowest temperature ever recorded in Luxembourg was −24.6 °C (−12.3 °F) on 2 February 1956 in Wiltz.

Top 5 warmest days change

Rank Temperature Date Location
1. 40.8 °C (105.4 °F) 25 July 2019 Steinsel
2. 40.6 °C (105.1 °F) 12 August 2003 Schengen
3. 40.5 °C (104.9 °F) 19 July 2022 Esch-sur-Alzette
4. 39.4 °C (102.9 °F) 8 August 2003 Remich
5. 39.0 °C (102.2 °F) 9 August 2020 Esch-sur-Alzette

Districts, cantons, and communes change

Luxembourg is divided into 3 districts, which are further divided into 12 cantons and then 102 communes. Twelve of the communes have city status, of which the city of Luxembourg is the largest.

Districts change

The districts are

  1. Diekirch
  2. Grevenmacher
  3. Luxembourg

Related pages change

References change

  1. [0=Th%C3%A8mes%2C1%7CPopulation%20et%20emploi%23B%23%7CEtat%20de%20la%20population%23B1%23&pg=0&fc=Th%C3%A8mes&df[ds]=ds-release&df[id]=DF_B1102&df[ag]=LU1&df[vs]=1.0&pd=2015%2C2023&dq=A..&ly[rw]=AGE&ly[cl]=SEX&lo=1 "Population par âge et sexe au 1er janvier"] Archived 2023-04-18 at the Wayback Machine, Le Portail des statistiques: Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 18 April 2023. (in French) Retrieved 26 April 2023.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Luxembourg". International Monetary Fund. Archived from the original on 25 November 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2012.
  3. "Human Development Report 2011" (PDF). United Nations. 2011. Archived (PDF) from the original on 11 November 2011. Retrieved 5 November 2011.
  4. Abnett, Kate (29 February 2020). "Luxembourg becomes first country to make public transport free". Reuters. Luxembourg. Archived from the original on 20 November 2020. Retrieved 10 April 2020.
  5. "Luxembourg scorches on hottest day ever". Archived from the original on 2023-01-18. Retrieved 2023-02-12.