ancient Iranian political and cultural empire from 247 BC to 224 AD

Parthia is an ancient country of Asia, now Iran and regions of Armenia, Iraq, Georgia, eastern Turkey, eastern Syria,Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, Kuwait, the Persian Gulf coast of Saudi Arabia, Bahrain, Qatar, and UAE.

Parthian Empire at its greatest extent, c. 60 BCE.
Languages Parthian language
Religions Zoroastrianism
Capitals Ctesiphon, Hecatompylus
Area Middle East
Existed 238 BCE–228 CE

Parthians were excellent horsemen and archers. In battle, mounted Parthians often discharged their arrows back towards the enemy while pretending to flee.

In 250 BC, the Parthians succeeded in founding an independent kingdom that in the 1st century BC it grew into an empire extending from the Euphrates to the Indus and from the Amu Darya to the Indian Ocean.

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