Open main menu

Volgograd

city in Volgograd Oblast, Russia
(Redirected from Stalingrad)

Volgograd formerly called Tsaritsyn (1589–1925) and Stalingrad (1925–1961) is an important industrial city and the administrative center of Volgograd Oblast, Russia. It is 80 km long, north to south, on the western bank of the Volga River and has a population of 1.011 millon people. The city was made famous for its heroic resistance and extensive damage during the Battle of Stalingrad during World War II.

Volgograd

Волгоград
Counterclockwise: The Motherland Calls, the railway station, Planetarium, The Metrotram, Panorama of the City, Gerhardt Mill, Mamayev Kurgan
Counterclockwise: The Motherland Calls, the railway station, Planetarium, The Metrotram, Panorama of the City, Gerhardt Mill, Mamayev Kurgan
Flag of Volgograd
Flag
Coat of arms of Volgograd
Coat of arms
Anthem: none[2]
Location of Volgograd
Volgograd is located in Russia
Volgograd
Volgograd
Location of Volgograd
Volgograd is located in Volgograd Oblast
Volgograd
Volgograd
Volgograd (Volgograd Oblast)
Coordinates: 48°42′N 44°31′E / 48.700°N 44.517°E / 48.700; 44.517Coordinates: 48°42′N 44°31′E / 48.700°N 44.517°E / 48.700; 44.517
CountryRussia
Federal subjectVolgograd Oblast
Founded1589[3]
City status sincethe end of the
18th century[1]
Government
 • BodyCity Duma[4]
 • Head[4]Alexander Chunakov[source?]
Area
 • Total859 km2 (332 sq mi)
Elevation
80 m (260 ft)
Population
 • Total1,021,215
 • Estimate 
(2018)[6]
1,013,533 (-0.8%)
 • Rank12th in 2010
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
 • Subordinated tocity of oblast significance of Volgograd
 • Capital ofVolgograd Oblast, city of oblast significance of Volgograd
 • Urban okrugVolgograd Urban Okrug
 • Capital ofVolgograd Urban Okrug
Time zoneUTC+4 (MSK+1 Edit this on Wikidata[7])
Postal code(s)[8]
400000–400002, 400005–400012, 400015–400017, 400019–400023, 400026, 400029, 400031–400034, 400036, 400038–400040, 400042, 400046, 400048–400055, 400057–400059, 400062–400067, 400069, 400071–400076, 400078–400082, 400084, 400086–400089, 400093, 400094, 400096–400098, 400105, 400107, 400108, 400110–400112, 400117, 400119–400125, 400127, 400131, 400136–400138, 400700, 400880, 400890, 400899, 400921–400942, 400960–400965, 400967, 400970–400979, 400990–400993
Dialing code(s)+7 8442
City DaySecond Sunday of September[1]
Twin townsCoventry, Ostrava, Kemi, Liège, Dijon, Turin, Port Said, Chennai, Hiroshima, Reinickendorf, Chemnitz, Ruse, Jilin City, Kruševac, Tiraspol, Płońsk, Sandanski, Orlando, Olevano Romano, Cleveland, Toronto, Chengdu, Yerevan, İzmir, Ortona, Cologne, KievEdit this on Wikidata
OKTMO ID18701000001
Websitewww.volgadmin.ru

HistoryEdit

 
Coat of Arms of Tsaritsyn(1857)

Volgograd developed from 1589 when the fortress of Tsaritsyn was founded at the confluence of the Tsaritsa and Volga Rivers. During the Russian Civil War the city was the scene of heavy fighting. Bolshevik forces occupied it during 1918, but were attacked by White forces.

Under Stalin, the city became heavily industrialized as a centre of heavy industry and trans-shipment by rail and river. During World War II, Stalingrad became the center of the Battle of Stalingrad as well as a turning point in the war against Germany. Essentially, the German offensive was checked at Stalingrad. The Battle of Stalingrad lasted from August 21, 1942 to February 2, 1943, where 1.7 million to 2 million Axis and Soviet soldiers were killed, wounded or captured, in addition to over 40,000 civilians killed. The city was reduced to rubble during the fierce fighting, but reconstruction began soon after the Germans were expelled from the city.

Nikita Khrushchev renamed the city in 1961.

International relationsEdit

Twin towns — Sister citiesEdit

As of 2008, Volgograd has 21 sister cities:[9]

A number of communities in France and Italy have streets or avenues named after Stalingrad, hence Place de Stalingrad in Paris and the Paris Métro station of Stalingrad.

GalleryEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Charter of Volgograd, Preamble
  2. Official website of Volgograd. Конкурс на создание гимна Волгограда будет проведен повторно (Russian)
  3. Энциклопедия Города России. Moscow: Большая Российская Энциклопедия. 2003. pp. 81–83. ISBN 5-7107-7399-9.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Charter of Volgograd, Article 22
  5. "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1[[Category:Articles containing Russian-language text]]" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help); URL–wikilink conflict (help)
  6. "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 23 January 2019.
  7. "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). 3 June 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2019.
  8. Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  9. Friendly relationship at Official website of Volgograd
  10. "広島市の姉妹・友好都市". City.hiroshima.jp. Retrieved 2009-07-17.
  11. "Ruse Municipality - Fraternize Cities". © 2008-2009. Retrieved 2009-07-06.
  12. Executive power of Baku city

Other websitesEdit