Unbinilium

hypothetical chemical element with the atomic number 120

Unbinilium is a hypothetical (theoretical or imagined) element of the periodic table. It is also known as eka- radium.[9] Its atomic number should be 120 and is has the symbol Ubn. The name Unbinilium and the symbol Ubn are temporary IUPAC names (meaning "one-two-zero-ium" in Latin). This name and symbol exists until a permanent name is decided and the element is discovered. It is expected to be a s-block element and an alkaline earth metal. It is the second element in the eighth period of the periodic table.[10]

Unbinilium, 120Ubn
Unbinilium
Pronunciation/ˌnbˈnɪliəm/ (OON-by-NIL-ee-əm)
Alternative nameselement 120, eka-radium
Mass number[299] (unconfirmed)
Unbinilium in the periodic table
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Iron Cobalt Nickel Copper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Silver Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gold Mercury (element) Thallium Lead Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Nihonium Flerovium Moscovium Livermorium Tennessine Oganesson
Ununennium Unbinilium
Unquadtrium Unquadquadium Unquadpentium Unquadhexium Unquadseptium Unquadoctium Unquadennium Unpentnilium Unpentunium Unpentbium Unpenttrium Unpentquadium Unpentpentium Unpenthexium Unpentseptium Unpentoctium Unpentennium Unhexnilium Unhexunium Unhexbium Unhextrium Unhexquadium Unhexpentium Unhexhexium Unhexseptium Unhexoctium Unhexennium Unseptnilium Unseptunium Unseptbium
Unsepttrium Unseptquadum
Biniltrium Binilunium Binilbium Biniltrium Binilunium Binilbium Biniltrium Binilunium Binilbium Biniltrium Binilunium Binilbium Biniltrium Biunnilium Unpentseptium Unpentoctium Unpentennium Unhexnilium Unhexunium Unhexbium Unhextrium Unhexquadium Unhexpentium Unhexhexium Bibiunium Bibibium Bibiquadium
Unbiunium Unbibium Unbitrium Unbiquadium Unbipentium Unbihexium Unbiseptium Unbioctium Unbiennium Untrinilium Untriunium Untribium Untritrium Untriquadium Untripentium Untrihexium Untriseptium Untrioctium Untriennium Unquadnilium Unquadunium Unquadbium
Untrioctium Untriennium Unquadnilium Unquadunium Unquadbium Untrioctium Untriennium Unquadnilium Unquadunium Unquadbium Untrioctium Untriennium Unquadnilium Unquadunium Unquadbium Untrioctium Untriennium Unquadnilium Unquadunium Unquadbium Unquadunium Unquadbium
Ra

Ubn

(Usq)
ununenniumunbiniliumunbiunium
Atomic number (Z)120
Groupgroup 2 (alkaline earth metals)
Periodperiod 8
Block  s-block
Electron configuration[Og] 8s2 (predicted)[1]
Electrons per shell2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 8, 2 (predicted)
Physical properties
Phase at STPsolid (predicted)[1][2]
Melting point953 K ​(680 °C, ​1256 °F) (predicted)[1]
Boiling point1973 K ​(1700 °C, ​3092 °F) (predicted)[3]
Density (near r.t.)7 g/cm3 (predicted)[1]
Heat of fusion8.03–8.58 kJ/mol (extrapolated)[2]
Atomic properties
Oxidation states(+1),[4] (+2), (+4) (predicted)[1]
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 0.91 (predicted)[5]
Ionization energies
  • 1st: 563.3 kJ/mol (predicted)[6]
  • 2nd: 895–919 kJ/mol (extrapolated)[2]
Atomic radiusempirical: 200 pm (predicted)[1]
Covalent radius206–210 pm (extrapolated)[2]
Other properties
Crystal structurebody-centered cubic (bcc)
Body-centered cubic crystal structure for unbinilium

(extrapolated)[7]
CAS Number54143-58-7
History
NamingIUPAC systematic element name
Main isotopes of unbinilium
Iso­tope Abun­dance Half-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
299Ubn[8] syn 3.7 s? α 295Og
| references

This element has not been synthesized (obtained or discovered) yet. A German team at the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research attempted a research on 2011. It suggested a possible production of 299Ubn. But it couldn't be done. Attempts were planned by the Russian, Japanese, and French teams. Attempts were made in 2017-2020 and the experiments from the attempts showed that 8th period elements were difficult to synthesize. Unbinilium is expected to be the last element that can be synthesized through current technology.

UsesEdit

As of 2021, it has yet to be created and currently has no uses.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). "Transactinides and the future elements". In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean (eds.). The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 978-1-4020-3555-5.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Bonchev, Danail; Kamenska, Verginia (1981). "Predicting the properties of the 113-120 transactinide elements". Journal of Physical Chemistry. American Chemical Society. 85 (9): 1177–1186. doi:10.1021/j150609a021.
  3. Fricke, B.; Waber, J. T. (1971). "Theoretical Predictions of the Chemistry of Superheavy Elements" (PDF). Actinides Reviews. 1: 433–485. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  4. Thayer, John S. (2010). "Relativistic Effects and the Chemistry of the Heavier Main Group Elements". Relativistic Methods for Chemists. Challenges and Advances in Computational Chemistry and Physics. 10: 84. doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-9975-5_2. ISBN 978-1-4020-9974-8.
  5. Pershina, V.; Borschevsky, A.; Anton, J. (2012). "Theoretical predictions of properties of group-2 elements including element 120 andtheir adsorption on noble metal surfaces". The Journal of Chemical Physics. 136 (134317). doi:10.1063/1.3699232. This article gives the Mulliken electronegativity as 2.862, which has been converted to the Pauling scale via χP = 1.35χM1/2 − 1.37.
  6. Pershina, Valeria. "Theoretical Chemistry of the Heaviest Elements". In Schädel, Matthias; Shaughnessy, Dawn (eds.). The Chemistry of Superheavy Elements (2nd ed.). Springer Science & Business Media. p. 154. ISBN 9783642374661.
  7. Seaborg, Glenn T. (1969). "Prospects for further considerable extension of the periodic table" (PDF). Journal of Chemical Education. 46 (10): 626–634. doi:10.1021/ed046p626. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  8. (2016) "Remarks on the Fission Barriers of SHN and Search for Element 120" in Exotic Nuclei.  : 155–164. 
  9. "Unbinilium". Elements Wiki.
  10. "Unbinilium - Wikiwand". www.wikiwand.com.