Moscovium is a chemical element. It is also named eka-bismuth. It has the symbol Mc. It has the atomic number 115. It is a superheavy element. Moscovium does not exist in nature. It is a synthetic element, made from a fusion reaction between americium and calcium.
|Moscovium in the periodic table|
|Atomic number (Z)||115|
|Group||group 15 (pnictogens)|
|Element categories||, but probably a post-transition metal|
|Electron configuration||[Rn] 5f14 6d10 7s2 7p3 (predicted) (predicted)|
|Electrons per shell||2, 8, 18, 32, 32, 18, 5 (predicted)|
|Phase at STP||solid (predicted)|
|Melting point||670 K (400 °C, 750 °F) (predicted)|
|Boiling point||~1400 K (~1100 °C, ~2000 °F) (predicted)|
|Density (near r.t.)||13.5 g/cm3 (predicted)|
|Heat of fusion||5.90–5.98 kJ/mol (extrapolated)|
|Heat of vaporization||138 kJ/mol (predicted)|
|Oxidation states||(+1), (+3) (predicted)|
|Atomic radius||empirical: 187 pm (predicted)|
|Covalent radius||156–158 pm (extrapolated)|
|Naming||After Moscow region|
|Discovery||Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (2003)|
|Main isotopes of moscovium|
The element is named in honor of the Russian city of Moscow.
Moscovium is in or near the center of the theoretical island of stability. No stable isotopes of moscovium have yet been found. Models predict that the stable isotope of ununpentium should have 184 neutrons. The most stable isotope with 184 neutrons is 299Mc. The isotope that has been made has only 175 neutrons (290Mc).
On February 2, 2004 a report that moscovium and nihonium were made was written in a journal named Physical Review C. The report was written by a team of Russian scientists at Dubna University's Joint Institute for Nuclear Research and American scientists at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.,
Scientists of Japan also report that they have made moscovium.
The name was changed to Moscovium. It used to be named ununpentium.
Moscovium is in the same group as bismuth but its chemical properties will be different. The chemistry of ununpentium will be very influenced by special relativity. It will make its properties different to the other elements in the periodic table that have a smaller atomic number. One important difference from bismuth is the presence of a stable oxidation state of +I (Mc+). The (Mc+) ion is thought to have chemical properties like Tl+.
In popular cultureEdit
The most popular story about moscovium is from Bob Lazar. It is not pseudoscience because it is a refutable theory, however Lazar's claims are not backed by any direct experimental evidence at this time.
- Hoffman, Darleane C.; Lee, Diana M.; Pershina, Valeria (2006). "Transactinides and the future elements". In Morss; Edelstein, Norman M.; Fuger, Jean (eds.). The Chemistry of the Actinide and Transactinide Elements (3rd ed.). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer Science+Business Media. ISBN 978-1-4020-3555-5.
- Fricke, Burkhard (1975). "Superheavy elements: a prediction of their chemical and physical properties". Recent Impact of Physics on Inorganic Chemistry. 21: 89–144. doi:10.1007/BFb0116498. Retrieved 4 October 2013. Cite error: Invalid
<ref>tag; name "BFricke" defined multiple times with different content
- Bonchev, Danail; Kamenska, Verginia (1981). "Predicting the Properties of the 113–120 Transactinide Elements". Journal of Physical Chemistry. American Chemical Society. 85 (9): 1177–1186. doi:10.1021/j150609a021.
- Pershina, Valeria. "Theoretical Chemistry of the Heaviest Elements". In Schädel, Matthias; Shaughnessy, Dawn (eds.). The Chemistry of Superheavy Elements (2nd ed.). Springer Science & Business Media. p. 154. ISBN 9783642374661.
- Oganessian, Yuri Ts.; Abdullin, F. Sh.; Bailey, P. D.; Benker, D. E.; Bennett, M. E.; Dmitriev, S. N.; Ezold, J. G.; Hamilton, J. H.; Henderson, R. A. (2010-04-09). "Synthesis of a New Element with Atomic Number Z=117". Physical Review Letters. American Physical Society. 104 (142502). Bibcode:2010PhRvL.104n2502O. doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.142502. PMID 20481935. Unknown parameter
- Oganessian, Yu. Ts. (2004). "Experiments on the synthesis of element 115 in the reaction 243Am(48Ca,xn)291−x115". Physical Review C. 69: 021601. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.69.021601. Unknown parameter
- Oganessian, Yu. Ts. (2005). "Synthesis of elements 115 and 113 in the reaction 243Am + 48Ca". Physical Review C. 72: 034611. doi:10.1103/PhysRevC.72.034611. Unknown parameter
- "IUPAC Announces the Names of the Elements 113, 115, 117, and 118". IUPAC | International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. 2016-11-30. Retrieved 2018-12-09.
- Keller, O. L., Jr. (1974). "Predicted properties of the superheavy elements. III. Element 115, Eka-bismuth". Journal of Physical Chemistry. 78: 1945. doi:10.1021/j100612a015. Unknown parameter
- Lazar Critique Archived 2006-12-20 at the Wayback Machine, D. L. Morgan.
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