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Karte Kulturhauptstadt Europas.png

The European Capital of Culture is a city chosen by the European Union for a period of one calendar year. The city is given a chance to show its cultural life and cultural development. Most of the cities are very popular and are known internationally (by people around the world).

Contents

List of by yearEdit

Past yearsEdit

List of capitals chosen by year
Year Cities Image Details
1985   Athens  
1986   Florence  
1987   Amsterdam  
1988   West Berlin  
1989   Paris  
1990   Glasgow  
1991   Dublin
1992   Madrid  
1993   Antwerp  
1994   Lisbon  
1995   Luxembourg  
1996   Copenhagen  
1997   Thessaloniki  
1998   Stockholm  
1999   Weimar  
2000   Avignon
  Bergen
  Bologna
  Brussels
  Helsinki
  Krakow
  Prague
  Reykjavík
  Santiago de Compostela
 
2001   Porto
  Rotterdam
 
2002   Bruges
  Salamanca
 
2003   Graz  
2004   Genoa
  Lille
 
2005   Cork  
2006   Patras  
2007   Sibiu
  Luxembourg
Greater Region
  Sibiu 2007
2008   Liverpool
  Stavanger
  Sandnes
  Liverpool 2008
Stavanger 2008
2009   Linz
  Vilnius
  Vilnius 2009
Linz 2009
2010   Essen
  Istanbul
  Pécs
  Istanbul 2010
Essen 2010
Pecs 2010
2011   Turku
  Tallinn
  Turku 2011
Tallinn 2011
2012   Guimarães
  Maribor
  Guimarães 2012
Maribor 2012

Future yearsEdit

According to the official EU website.[1] From 2014 to 2020, these are only the countries have been chosen, based on the rotation system.

Future years
Year City Details
2013   Marseille
  Košice
Marseille Provence 2013
Košice 2013
2014   Sweden
  Latvia
2015   Belgium
  Czech Republic
2016   Spain
  Poland
2017   Denmark
  Cyprus
2018   Netherlands
  Malta
2019   Italy
  Bulgaria
2020   Rijeka
  Ireland

ReferencesEdit

  1. Official EU website
  • García, B. (2005) “De-constructing the City of Culture: The long term cultural legacies of Glasgow 1990” in: Review Issue of Urban Studies (vol 42, n5/6) (pp. 1–28)
  • García, B. (2004) “Cultural Policy in European Cities: Lessons from Experience, Prospects for the Future” in: Special edition on Cultural Policy and Regeneration, Local Economy (vol 19, n4) (pp. 312–326)
  • García, B. (2004) “Urban Regeneration, Arts Programming and Major events: Glasgow 1990, Sydney 2000 and Barcelona 2004” in: Gibson, L. & Stevenson, D. (Eds) Special Issue of the International Journal of Cultural Policy: Urban Space and the Uses of Culture (vol 10, n 1) (pp. 103–118)

Other websitesEdit