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The Global 200 is the list of ecoregions identified by the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) as priorities for conservation. According to the WWF, an ecoregion is defined as a "relatively large unit of land or water containing a characteristic set of natural communities that share a large majority of their species, dynamics, and environmental conditions (Dinerstein et al. 1995, TNC 1997)."

The WWF assigns a conservation status to each ecoregion in the Global 200: critical or endangered; vulnerable; and relatively stable or intact. Over half of the ecoregions in the Global 200 are rated endangered.

Contents

Global 200: TerrestrialEdit

Tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forestsEdit

AfrotropicEdit

AustralasiaEdit

IndomalayaEdit

NeotropicEdit

OceaniaEdit

Tropical and subtropical dry broadleaf forestsEdit

AfrotropicEdit

AustralasiaEdit

IndomalayaEdit

NeotropicEdit

OceaniaEdit

Tropical and subtropical coniferous forestsEdit

NearcticEdit

NeotropicEdit

Temperate broadleaf and mixed forestsEdit

AustralasiaEdit

IndomalayaEdit

NearcticEdit

PalearcticEdit

Temperate coniferous forestsEdit

NearcticEdit

NeotropicEdit

PalearcticEdit

Boreal forests/taigaEdit

NearcticEdit

PalearcticEdit

Tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrublandsEdit

AfrotropicEdit

AustralasiaEdit

IndomalayaEdit

NeotropicEdit

Temperate grasslands, savannas, and shrublandsEdit

NearcticEdit

NeotropicEdit

PalearcticEdit

Flooded grasslands and savannasEdit

AfrotropicEdit

IndomalayaEdit

NeotropicEdit

Montane grasslands and shrublandsEdit

AfrotropicEdit

AustralasiaEdit

IndomalayaEdit

NeotropicEdit

PalearcticEdit

TundraEdit

NearcticEdit

PalearcticEdit

Mediterranean forests, woodlands, and shrubEdit

AfrotropicEdit

AustralasiaEdit

NearcticEdit

NeotropicEdit

PalearcticEdit

Deserts and xeric shrublandsEdit

AfrotropicEdit

AustralasiaEdit

NearcticEdit

NeotropicEdit

PalearcticEdit

MangrovesEdit

AfrotropicEdit

AustralasiaEdit

IndomalayaEdit

NeotropicEdit

Global 200: Freshwater ecoregionsEdit

Large riversEdit

AfrotropicEdit

IndomalayaEdit

  • Mekong River (Cambodia, China, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam)

NearcticEdit

NeotropicEdit

PalearcticEdit

Large river headwatersEdit

AfrotropicEdit

  • Congo basin piedmont rivers and streams (Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of Congo, Gabon, Republic of Congo, Sudan)

NearcticEdit

  • Mississippi piedmont rivers and streams (United States)

NeotropicEdit

  • Upper Amazon rivers and streams (Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana (France), Guyana, Peru, Suriname, Venezuela)
  • Upper Paraná rivers and streams (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay)
  • Brazilian Shield Amazonian rivers and streams (Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay)

Large river deltasEdit

AfrotropicEdit

IndomalayaEdit

PalearcticEdit

Small riversEdit

AfrotropicEdit

  • Upper Guinea rivers and streams (Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone)
  • Madagascar freshwater (Madagascar)
  • Gulf of Guinea rivers and streams (Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Nigeria, Republic of Congo)
  • Cape rivers and streams (South Africa)

AustralasiaEdit

IndomalayaEdit

NearcticEdit

  • Southeastern rivers and streams (United States)
  • Pacific Northwest coastal rivers and streams (United States)
  • Gulf of Alaska coastal rivers and streams (Canada, United States)

NeotropicEdit

  • Guianan freshwater (Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela)
  • Greater Antillean freshwater (Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Puerto Rico)

PalearcticEdit

  • Balkan rivers and streams (Albania, Bosnia and Herzogovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Macedonia, Turkey, Yugoslavia)
  • Russian Far East rivers and wetlands (China, Mongolia, Russia)

Large lakesEdit

AfrotropicEdit

  • Rift Valley lakes (Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia)

NeotropicEdit

  • High Andean lakes (Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Peru)

PalearcticEdit

Small lakesEdit

AfrotropicEdit

  • Cameroon crater lakes (Cameroon)

AustralasiaEdit

  • Lakes Kutubu and Sentani (Indonesia, Papua New Guinea)
  • Central Sulawesi lakes (Indonesia)

IndomalayaEdit

  • Philippines freshwater (Philippines)
  • Inle Lake (Myanmar)
  • Yunnan lakes and streams (China)

NeotropicEdit

  • Mexican highland lakes (Mexico)

Xeric basinsEdit

AustralasiaEdit

  • Central Australian freshwater (Australia)

NearcticEdit

PalearcticEdit

  • Anatolian freshwater (Syria, Turkey)

Global 200 Marine ecoregionsEdit

PolarEdit

Antarctic OceanEdit

Arctic OceanEdit

Temperate shelfs and seasEdit

MediterraneanEdit

  • Mediterranean Sea (Albania, Algeria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Cyprus, Egypt, France, Greece, Israel, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Malta, Monaco, Morocco, Serbia & Montenegro, Slovenia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey)

North Temperate AtlanticEdit

North Temperate Indo-PacificEdit

Southern OceanEdit

Temperate upwellingEdit

North Temperate Indo-PacificEdit

South Temperate AtlanticEdit

South Temperate Indo-PacificEdit

Tropical upwellingEdit

Central Indo-PacificEdit

Eastern Indo-PacificEdit

Eastern Tropical AtlanticEdit

  • Canary Current (Canary Islands, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Mauritania, Morocco, Senegal, Western Sahara)

Tropical coralEdit

Central Indo-PacificEdit

Eastern Indo-PacificEdit

Western Indo-PacificEdit

  • Maldives, Chagos, and Lakshadweep atolls (Chagos Archipelago (United Kingdom), India, Maldives, Sri Lanka)
  • Red Sea (Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Israel, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Yemen)
  • Arabian Sea (Djibouti, Iran, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, United Arab Emirates, Yemen)
  • East African Marine (Kenya, Mozambique, Somalia, Tanzania)
  • West Madagascar Marine (Comoros, Madagascar, Mayotte and Iles Glorieuses (France), Seychelles)

Western Tropical AtlanticEdit

Related pagesEdit

Other websitesEdit