New York (state)
The State of New York, often called just New York, or New York State to distinguish it from the city of New York, is a state of the United States and was one of the original Thirteen Colonies, which were the first thirteen states to make up the US. New York is in the northeastern United States, bordered by Lake Ontario and Canada on the north, Lake Erie and Canada on the west, Pennsylvania on the west and south, Vermont, Massachusetts, and Connecticut on the east, and New Jersey on the south in the eastern parts of the state.
|State of New York|
|Anthem: "I Love New York"|
|Before statehood||Province of New York|
|Admitted to the Union||July 26, 1788 (11th)|
|Largest city||New York|
|Largest metro and urban areas||Greater New York|
|• Governor||Kathy Hochul (D)|
|• Lieutenant Governor||Antonio Delgado (D)|
|• Upper house||State Senate|
|• Lower house||State Assembly|
|Judiciary||New York Court of Appeals|
|U.S. House delegation|
|• Total||54,556 sq mi (141,300 km2)|
|• Length||330 mi (530 km)|
|• Width||285 mi (455 km)|
|Elevation||1,000 ft (300 m)|
|Highest elevation||5,344 ft (1,629 m)|
|Lowest elevation||0 ft (0 m)|
|• Density||416.42/sq mi (159/km2)|
|• Density rank||7th|
|• Median household income||$64,894|
|• Income rank||15th|
|• Official language||None|
|• Spoken language|
|Time zone||UTC−05:00 (Eastern)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−04:00 (EDT)|
|ISO 3166 code||US-NY|
|Latitude||40° 30′ N to 45° 1′ N|
|Longitude||71° 51′ W to 79° 46′ W|
|New York state symbols|
|Fish||Brook trout (fresh water), Striped bass (salt water)|
|Mammal||North American beaver|
|Reptile||Common snapping turtle|
|Slogan||I Love New York|
|Other||Bush: Lilac bush|
|State route marker|
Released in 2001
|Lists of United States state symbols|
New York was originally New Netherland, started by the Dutch Empire in the early 17th century. Late in the century, it surrendered to an English fleet during the Anglo-Dutch Wars and became part of the British Empire. About half the Dutch colony was given to neighboring English colonies. The Battle of Long Island, Battle of Saratoga, and other important battles of the American Revolution were fought in New York and it joined the new United States. The slave trade brought many black people into the state, where they were forced to work for white colonists.
The United States Census Bureau says that, as of 2005, New York had the third most people (population) in the United States, after California and Texas. New York's estimated population is 20,000,000.
The biggest city in New York is also called New York, located in the south-eastern part of the state and built on the Hudson River; it is by far the biggest city in the U.S.. Part of New York City is on Long Island, a large island in the Atlantic Ocean, and another part of it is on Staten Island, which is to the southwest of Manhattan, the central business district. Most people living in New York state live in the New York metropolitan area, one of the world's biggest metropolitan areas, which also includes part of eastern New Jersey.
The larger part of New York, north and northwest of the metropolitan area, is called "Upstate New York". Cities in this part of New York include Buffalo, the state's second largest city, Rochester, Syracuse, and the state capital of Albany. These places became cities because of the Erie Canal. Between 1788 and 1797, the Legislature moved the state capital around between Albany, Kingston, Poughkeepsie, and New York City. Albany became the permanent capital from 1797.
- ↑ "New York State Motto". New York State Library. January 29, 2001. Archived from the original on May 24, 2009. Retrieved November 16, 2007.
- ↑ "Marcy". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 "Elevations and Distances in the United States". United States Geological Survey. 2001. Archived from the original on February 1, 2009. Retrieved October 24, 2011.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Elevation adjusted to North American Vertical Datum of 1988.
- ↑ "2020 Census Apportionment Results". census.gov. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2021. Retrieved April 26, 2021.
- ↑ "Median Annual Household Income—2017". Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. 2019. Retrieved April 8, 2019.
- ↑ "Language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and over—2014 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved January 24, 2016.
- ↑ .United States Census
- ↑ Stevens, John Austin (1886). The Magazine of American History with Notes and Queries. Historical Publication Co. p. 24.