Template:Syrian Civil War infobox

Syrian Civil War
Part of the Arab Spring, the Arab Winter, and the spillover of the Iraqi conflict
Date15 March 2011 (2011-03-15) – present (13 years, 3 months and 4 days)
Syria (with spillovers in neighboring countries)
Status Ongoing
As of 31 March 2020: the Syrian Armed Forces held 63.57% of Syrian territories; SDF 25.57%; rebel groups (incl. HTS) & Turkey 9.72%; ISIL 1.14%[24]
 Russia (2015–present)

 Turkey[b] (2016–present)


Salvation Government (Tahrir al-Sham)[d][e]

Rojava (SDF) (2012–present)

Commanders and leaders
Killed in action:

Killed in action:

Killed in action:
Killed in action:

Killed in action:
Units involved
See order See order See order See order

Syrian Armed Forces: 180,000[66]
General Security Directorate: 8,000[67]
National Defense Force: 80,000[68]
Ba'ath Brigades: 7,000 Hezbollah: 6,000–8,000[69]
Liwa Al-Quds: 4,000–8,000
Russia: 4,000 troops[70] & 1,000 contractors[71]
Iran: 3,000–5,000[69][72]

Other allied groups: 20,000+

Free Syrian Army: 20,000–32,000[73] (2013)
Islamic Front: 40,000–70,000[74][75] (2014)
Other groups: 12,500[76] (2015)
Turkish Armed Forces: 4,000–8,000[77][78]

Ahrar al-Sham: 18,000–20,000+[79][80] (March 2017)

Tahrir al-Sham: 31,000[81]
15,000–20,000 (per U.S., late 2016)[82]

SDF: 60,000–75,000 (2017 est.)[83]

  • YPG & YPJ: 20,000–30,000 (2017 est.)[84]
  • Syriac Military Council (MFS): 1,000 (2017 est.)[85]
  • Al-Sanadid Forces: 2,000–4,000 (2017 est.)[85]
  • SDF Military Councils: 10,000+[86][87][88]
Casualties and losses

Syrian Arab Republic:
65,187–100,187 soldiers killed[89][90]
50,484–64,484 militiamen killed[89][90]
4,700 soldiers/militiamen & 2,000 supporters captured[89]
1,677–2,000 killed[89][91]
Russia Russia:
116 soldiers[92] & 186–280 PMCs killed[93]

Other non-Syrian fighters:
8,109 killed[89] (2,300–3,500+ IRGC-led)[94][95]

Syrian opposition 132,824–173,824 killed[f][89][90]

Turkey Turkey:
182 killed (2016–19 incursions)[96][97][98]
28,532+ killed (per SOHR)[99]
20,711+ killed (per YPG & SAA)[100][101]

11,600–12,586+ killed[102][103]

11 killed[104]

112,623[89]–117,377[105] civilian deaths documented by opposition
100 other foreign soldiers killed (Lebanon 60, Turkey 17 (pre-'16), Iraq 16, Jordan 7)

Total killed: 503,064-613,407 (per SOHR)[106]

Estimated ≥7,600,000 internally displaced & ≥5,116,097 refugees (July 2015/2017)[107]

a Since early 2013, the FSA has been decentralized with its name being arbitrarily used by various rebels.
b Turkey provided arms support to rebels since 2011 & since Aug. 2016 fought alongside the TFSA in the Aleppo governorate vs. the SDF, ISIL & Syrian gov.
c Sep.–Nov. 2016: U.S. fought with the TFSA in Aleppo governorate solely against ISIL.[108][109] In 2017–18, the U.S. purposely attacked the Syrian gov. 10 times, while in Sep. 2016 it accidentally hit a Syrian base, killing ≥100 SAA soldiers. Syria maintains this was intentional.[110]
d Predecessors of HTS (al-Nusra Front) & ISIL (ISI) were allied al-Qaeda branches until April 2013. Al-Nusra Front rejected an ISI-proposed merger into ISIL & al-Qaeda cut all affiliation with ISIL in Feb. 2014.
e Ahrir al-Sham's predecessor, Syrian Liberation Front, and Tahrir al-Sham's predecessor, al-Nusra Front, were allied under the Army of Conquest from March 2015 to January 2017.
f Number includes Kurdish & ISIL fighters, whose deaths are also listed in their separate columns.[111][89]

g Iraq's involvement in Syria is limited to airstrikes against ISIL & are coordinated with the Syrian gov.[1]


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  99. 8,000 killed in fighting (29 June 2014–28 June 2015),IS executes over 3,000 in Syria in year-long 'caliphate 417 killed in Palmyra offensive (March 2016), https://townhall.com/news/politics-elections/2016/03/28/syrian-forces-pursue-campaign-against-islamic-state-after-retaking-palmyra-n2139741 Archived 2018-08-07 at the Wayback Machine[dead link] 47 killed in fighting with rebels (27–29 May 2016), Thousands flee ISIS offensive in northern Syria 1,026 killed in Manbij offensive,The third US citizen fighter is killed in Manbij area and casualty number rises to about 1800 civilians and fighters 283 killed in Palmyra offensive (2017), Palmyra city restore operation kills more than 400 persons in about 50 days, leaves gas and oilfields in the grip of the “Islamic State” organization 1,371 killed in Battle of Raqqa (2017),[1] 1,394 killed in Central Syria campaign (2017),[2][3][4][5][6][7] 538 executed (29 June 2014–23 September 2017),[8] 233 killed Southern Damascus offensive (April–May 2018),[9] 31 killed As-Suwayda offensive (June 2018) [10] قتال متواصل بعنف مع تنظيم “الدولة الإسلامية” على بعد نحو 50 كيلومتراً من منطقة تواجد التحالف الدولي في التنف [11] 310 killed 2018 Southern Syria offensive,[12] 63 killed 2018 As-Suwayda attacks [13] 428 killed As-Suwayda offensive (August–November 2018), [14] 9,158 killed in U.S. air-strikes (22 September 2014– March 2019),[15] 5,233 killed in Russian air-strikes (30 September 2015– March 2019),[16] total of 28,532 reported killed
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