Demographics of Russia
The Demographics of Russia is the study of the population and people in Russia.
Ethnic Russians make up about 81% of Russia's population.
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The total fertility rate (TFR), which measures how many children the average woman in a region will have, in Russia is 1.62 children born/woman as of 2017. This is one of the highest rates in Eastern Europe.
By federal subjectEdit
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In 2012, 47% of people in Russia identified as Christians. Most Christians in Russia are members of the Russian Orthodox Church. The number of Russian Orthodox members have been decreasing in recent years. Most Orthodox Christians live in Western Russia. Overall, there are about 61 million Russian Orthodox Christians in Russia, making up 43% of the population.
There has been a rise in Russian converts to Catholicism in recent years. Catholics make up less than 1% of the population, and number at 140,000 citizens. Most live in Western Russia. 47% of Catholics in Russia are ethnic Russians, 16% are Germans, 9% are Armenians, 4% are Belarusians, and the rest are Koreans, Poles, Lithuanians, and others.
Lutherans in Russia have typically been ethnic Finns or Germans. In recent years, some Russians have been converting to Lutheranism, so some traditionally Finnish churches now have more Russian members than Finnish.
Christians not associated with any church or denomination make up 4% of the population.
In April 2017, the Supreme Court of Russia decided that Jehovah's Witnesses were extremists. Their activities are now banned in Russia. In the mid-2000s, there were around 255,000 Jehovah's Witnesses.
Islam is the second largest religion in Russia. It is popular in the Caucasus region and some republics in central Russia. In 2012, Muslims made up almost 7% of the population. However, this number does not include the Muslim-majority republics of Chechnya and Ingushetia. Between 1998 and 2007, the number of Muslims in Russia doubled from 5.9 million to 11.4 million. Most Muslims in Russia are Sunni. A little over 10% of the Muslim population is Shia. Sunni Sufism is a tradition in some areas, notably Chechnya and Dagestan.
- "ПРЕДВАРИТЕЛЬНАЯ ОЦЕНКА ЧИСЛЕННОСТИ ПОСТОЯННОГО НАСЕЛЕНИЯ на 1 января 2018 г. и в среднем за 2017 г." www.gks.ru. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
- Суммарный коэффициент рождаемости, единица
- "Арена: Атлас религий и национальностей" [Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities] (PDF). Среда (Sreda). 2012.
- File:Russian Orthodox Church (Arena Atlas 2012).png
- Filatov & Lunkin 2006, p. 36.
- Filatov & Lunkin 2006, p. 35.
- 2012 Survey Maps. "Ogonek", № 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 24-09-2012.
- "Russian court bans Jehovah's Witnesses as extremist". delfi.lt. Retrieved 20 April 2017.
- Filatov & Lunkin 2006, p. 38.
- Goble, Paul. "Because of Syria, Moscow Focusing on Sunni-Shiite Divide Within Russia". Window on Eurasia -- New Series. Retrieved October 9, 2015.
- "Shaykh Said Afandi al-Chirkawi - IslamDag.info".