1956 Summer Olympics

Games of the XVI Olympiad, in Melbourne, Australia

The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, were held at Melbourne in Victoria, Australia.[2]

Games of the XVI Olympiad
Host cityMelbourne, Victoria, Australia
Stockholm, Sweden (equestrian events)
Athletes3,314 (2,938 men, 376 women)
Events151 in 17 sports (23 disciplines)
Opening22 November
Closing8 December
Opened by
StadiumMelbourne Cricket Ground
Helsinki 1952 Rome 1960
Cortina 1956 Squaw Valley 1960
USSR postage stamp in honor of gymnastics at the 1956 games

Melbourne was chosen as the host city over instead of Buenos Aires, Mexico City, Montreal and six American cities on 28 April 1949 at the 43rd IOC session.

The equestrian events were not held in Australia because of quarantine regulations. These events were held five months earlier in Stockholm, Sweden, making it the second time that events of the same Olympics were held in different countries.[3]

Participating nations


A total of 67 nations sent athletes to compete at the Melbourne games.[4]

Five nations competed in the horse riding events in Stockholm; however, athletes from these nations did not take part in the Games in Melbourne. The five were Cambodia, Egypt, Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland.[5]

  1. The Duke of Edinburgh did not regain the title "Prince" until the following year. See List of titles and honours of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh.


Countries at the 1956 Olympics
  1. 1.0 1.1 "Factsheet – Opening Ceremony of the Games of the Olympiad" (PDF) (Press release). International Olympic Committee. 13 September 2013. Archived (PDF) from the original on 14 August 2016. Retrieved 22 December 2018.
  2. Sports Reference.com (SR/Olympics), "1956 Melbourne Summer Games" Archived 2020-04-17 at the Wayback Machine; retrieved 2012-7-23.
  3. In the Antwerp, Belgium Olympics of 1920 one sailing event had been held in Dutch waters.
  4. Taking part in the games for the first time were Ethiopia, Fiji, Kenya, Liberia, Malaya, North Borneo and Uganda.
  5. Egypt did not compete in Melbourne because of the Suez Crisis. The Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland did not participate because they wanted to protest at the Soviet invasion of Hungary.

Other websites


  Media related to 1956 Summer Olympics at Wikimedia Commons