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1956 Summer Olympics

Games of the XVI Olympiad, celebrated in Melbourne in 1956
USSR postage stamp in honor of gymnastics at the 1956 games

The 1956 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XVI Olympiad, were held at Melbourne in Victoria, Australia.[1]

Melbourne was chosen as the host city over instead of Buenos Aires, Mexico City, Montreal and six American cities on 28 April 1949 at the 43rd IOC session.

The equestrian events were not held in Australia because of quarantine regulations. These events were held five months earlier in Stockholm, Sweden, making it the second time that events of the same Olympics were held in different countries.[2]

Participating nationsEdit

A total of 67 nations sent athletes to compete at the Melbourne games.[3]

Five nations competed in the horse riding events in Stockholm; however, athletes from these nations did not take part in the Games in Melbourne. The five were Cambodia, Egypt, Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland.[4]

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ReferencesEdit

 
Countries at the 1956 Olympics
  1. Sports Reference.com (SR/Olympics), "1956 Melbourne Summer Games"; retrieved 2012-7-23.
  2. In the Antwerp, Belgium Olympics of 1920 one sailing event had been held in Dutch waters.
  3. Taking part in the games for the first time were Ethiopia, Fiji, Kenya, Liberia, Malaya, North Borneo and Uganda.
  4. Egypt did not compete in Melbourne because of the Suez Crisis. The Netherlands, Spain and Switzerland did not participate because they wanted to protest at the Soviet invasion of Hungary.

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