American Independent Party

far-right political party in the United States

American Independent Party is a right-wing political party of the United States founded in California in 1967 by Bill and Eileen Shearer. It is most notable for George Wallace running in the 1968 US Election. That year, it was made up of Democrats opposed to the ending of racial segregation and was most successful in Southern states (Wallace was governor of the Southern state of Alabama).

American Independent Party
ChairmanMarkham Robinson (CA)[1]
Vice ChairmanMark Seidenberg (CA)[1]
FoundedJuly 8, 1967; 56 years ago (1967-07-08)
Headquarters476 Deodara St.
Vacaville, California 95688
Political positionFar-right[3][4][5][6]
National affiliationAmerica's Party[7]
Colors  Purple
State Senate
0 / 40
State House
0 / 80

Over time, the party became closer to the conservative movement and it renounced its policy against racial equality. Today, the party still exists but many of its members have left: most of the earlier members returned to the Democratic Party after the 1969 election and its later members have moved to the Constitution Party. The AIP has endorsed the Constitution Party nominee for President in recent years.

Background information change

Wallace's 1969 AIP party card, showing annual dues of $3.00 for the organization

In 1967, the AIP was founded by Bill Shearer and his wife, Eileen Knowland Shearer. It nominated George C. Wallace (Democrat) as its presidential candidate and retired U.S. Air Force General Curtis E. LeMay as the vice-presidential candidate. Wallace ran on every state ballot in the election, though he did not represent the American Independent Party in all fifty states: in Connecticut, for instance, he was listed on the ballot as the nominee of the "George Wallace Party." The Wallace/LeMay ticket received 13.5 percent of the popular vote and 46 electoral votes from the states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Georgia, and Alabama. No third-party candidate has won more than one electoral vote since the 1968 election.[8][9]

Presidential tickets change

Year Presidential nominee[10] Home state Previous positions Vice presidential nominee Home state Previous positions Votes References
George Wallace
  Alabama Governor of Alabama
Curtis LeMay
  California General of the United States Air Force
Commander-in-Chief of the Strategic Air Command
Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force
Chief of Staff of the Air Force
9,906,473 (13.5%)
46 EV
John G. Schmitz
  California Member of the United States House of Representatives from California's 35th district
Thomas J. Anderson
  Tennessee Magazine publisher 1,099,482 (1.4%)
0 EV
Lester Maddox
  Georgia Governor of Georgia
Lieutenant Governor of Georgia
William Dyke
  Wisconsin Mayor of Madison
Candidate for Governor of Wisconsin
170,531 (0.2%)
0 EV
John Rarick
  Louisiana Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Louisiana's 6th district
Eileen Shearer   California Co-founder of the American Independent Party 41,268 (<0.1%)
0 EV
Bob Richards
  Texas Retired Olympic athlete
(1948; 1952; 1956)
Maureen Kennedy Salaman
  California Writer, nutritionist 66,336 (0.1%)
0 EV
1988 James C. Griffin   Texas Nominee for United States Senator from California
Nominee for Governor of California
Nominee for Lieutenant Governor of California
Charles Morsa 27,818 (<0.1%)
0 EV
Howard Phillips
(U.S. Taxpayers')
  Virginia Chairman of The Conservative Caucus
Candidate for United States Senator from Massachusetts
Albion W. Knight   Florida Presiding Bishop of the United Episcopal Church of North America
43,369 (<0.1%)
0 EV
Howard Phillips
(U.S. Taxpayers')
  Virginia Chairman of The Conservative Caucus
Candidate for United States Senator from Massachusetts
Nominee for President of the United States
Herbert Titus   Oregon Lawyer, writer 184,656 (0.2%)
0 EV
Howard Phillips
  Virginia Chairman of The Conservative Caucus
Candidate for United States Senator from Massachusetts
Nominee for President of the United States
(1992; 1996)
Curtis Frazier   Missouri Candidate for United States Senator from Missouri
98,020 (0.1%)
0 EV
2004 Michael Peroutka
  Maryland Lawyer
Founder of the Institute on the Constitution
Chuck Baldwin
  Florida Pastor, radio host 143,630 (0.1%)
0 EV
Alan Keyes
(America's Independent)
  New York Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs
Candidate for United States Senator from Maryland
(1988; 1992)
Candidate for President of the United States
(1996; 2000)
Candidate for United States Senator from Illinois
Wiley Drake   California Minister, radio host 47,694 (<0.1%)
0 EV
2012 Tom Hoefling
  Iowa Activist Robert Ornelas   California Activist 40,641 (<0.1%)
0 EV
Donald Trump
  New York Businessman
Chairman of The Trump Organization
Mike Pence
  Indiana Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 2nd district
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Indiana's 6th district
Governor of Indiana
62,984,825 (46.1%)
304 EV
Rocky De La Fuente
(Alliance; Reform)
  California Businessman and perennial candidate  
Kanye West
(Independent; Birthday)
  Wyoming Rapper, producer and fashion designer;
2020 presidential candidate
60,160 (0.34%) 0 EV [14]

Since the fracture of the American Independent Party between the King and Noonan factions, control of the State Party, and thus the ballot line, has been in the hands of the Noonan faction. Attempts to nominate Chuck Baldwin (the 2008 Constitution nominee) or Virgil Goode (the 2012 Constitution nominee) were unsuccessful, as were their independent efforts to make it onto the California presidential ballot.

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 "American Independent Party Leadership, State Central Committee for Term Ending 09/03/2020". American Independent Party. 2019. Archived from the original on 2021-02-25. Retrieved 2021-01-16.
  2. John Myers, Would-be independents joining the American Independent Party could blame California's voter registration card, Los Angeles Times (April 19, 2016).
  3. James Aho, Far-Right Fantasy: A Sociology of American Religion and Politics (Routledge, 2015), p. 15.
  4. George Michael, Willis Carto and the American Far Right (University Press of Florida, 2008), p. 160.
  5. Martin Durham, The Christian Right, the Far Right and the Boundaries of American Conservatism (Manchester University Press, 2000), p. 8.
  6. "Many American Independent Party voters in California are mis-registered".
  7. "History of the American Independent Party". American Independent Party. 2011. Archived from the original on 2018-12-24. Retrieved 2021-01-16.
  8. Chrostopher D. Rodkey, "Third Parties" in Culture Wars: An Encyclopedia of Issues, Viewpoints and Voices (eds. Roger Chapman & James Ciment: 2d ed: Routledge, 2015), p. 665.
  9. ""Conservative third parties since the New Deal" in The Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History (Vol. 1) (eds. Michael Kazin, Rebecca Edwards & Adam Rothman: Princeton University Press, 2010), p. 195.
  10. And political party if different from the AIP.
  11. Wallace and LeMay carried five states, receiving 45 electoral votes, plus one from a North Carolina faithless elector.
  12. Joseph Sobran was the original vice presidential nominee, but he withdrew from the ticket and was replaced by Frazier.
  13. Mejia Davis, Edward. "Trump is the nominee of George Wallace's American Independent Party in California". CNN. Retrieved 29 October 2020.
  14. Winger, Richard (August 15, 2020). "American Independent Party Nominates Rocky De La Fuente for President and Kanye West for Vice-President". Ballot Access News. Archived from the original on August 15, 2020. Retrieved January 16, 2021.