List of World Heritage Sites in Western Europe

Wikimedia list article

The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has designated 131 World Heritage Sites in Western Europe. These sites are in 9 countries. Liechtenstein and Monaco have no sites. There are ten sites which are shared between countries.[1][2] The first site from the region to be included on the list was the Aachen Cathedral in Germany in 1978.[3]

LegendEdit

The list below uses a definition of Western Europe which includes the United Kingdom and Ireland.

Site – named after the World Heritage Committee's official designation
Location – sorted by country, followed by the region at the regional or provincial level and geocoordinates. In the case of multinational or multi-regional sites, the names are sorted alphabetically.
Criteria – as defined by the World Heritage Committee
Area – in hectares and acres, followed by buffer zones if applicable. A value of zero implies that no data has been published by UNESCO
Year – during which the site was added to the World Heritage List
Description – brief information about the site, including reasons for qualifying as an endangered site, if applicable

Sites A to MEdit

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description
Aachen Cathedral   GermanyAachen,
  Germany
50°46′28″N 6°5′4″E / 50.77444°N 6.08444°E / 50.77444; 6.08444 (Aachen Cathedral)
Cultural:GerAac
(i), (ii),
(iv), (vi)
1978
Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch   GermanyLorsch,
  Germany
49°39′13.284″N 8°34′6.888″E / 49.65369000°N 8.56858000°E / 49.65369000; 8.56858000 (Abbey and Altenmünster of Lorsch)
Cultural:GerLor
(iii), (iv)
1991 The abbey and gate or 'Torhall', are from the Carolingian era. There are notable Carolingian sculptures and paintings.[4]
Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe   FranceVienne,
  France
46°33′52.992″N 0°51′57.996″E / 46.56472000°N 0.86611000°E / 46.56472000; 0.86611000 (Abbey Church of Saint-Savin-sur-Gartempe)
Cultural:FraVie
(i), (iii)
0.16 (0.40) 1983
Amiens Cathedral   FranceAmiens,
  France
49°53′42″N 2°18′6″E / 49.89500°N 2.30167°E / 49.89500; 2.30167 (Amiens Cathedral)
Cultural:FraAmi
(i), (ii)
1.37 (3.4) 1981
Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne   IrelandCounty Meath,
  Ireland
53°41′30.012″N 6°27′0″W / 53.69167000°N 6.45000°W / 53.69167000; -6.45000 (Archaeological Ensemble of the Bend of the Boyne)
Cultural:IreCouMea
(i), (iii), (iv)
770 (1,900) 1993
Arles, Roman and Romanesque Monuments   FranceBouches-du-Rhône,
  France
43°40′39.5″N 4°37′50.5″E / 43.677639°N 4.630694°E / 43.677639; 4.630694 (Arles, Roman and Romanesque Monuments)
Cultural:FraArl
(ii), (iv)
65 (160) 1981
Bauhaus and its sites in Weimar and Dessau   GermanyBerlin, Dessau, and Weimar
  Germany
50°58′29.172″N 11°19′46.164″E / 50.97477000°N 11.32949000°E / 50.97477000; 11.32949000 (Bauhaus and its sites in Weimar and Dessau)
Cultural:GerBer1
(ii), (iv), (vi)
1996
Beemster Polder   NetherlandsNorth Holland,
  Netherlands
52°32′56″N 4°54′40″E / 52.54889°N 4.91111°E / 52.54889; 4.91111 (Droogmakerij de Beemster (Beemster Polder))
Cultural:NetNorBeem
(i), (ii), (iv)
1999 Fields, roads, canals, dykes and settlements built on land reclaimed from the sea.[5]
Belfries of Belgium and France   Belgium  Belgium*
  France*
50°10′27.984″N 3°13′53.004″E / 50.17444000°N 3.23139000°E / 50.17444000; 3.23139000 (Belfries of Belgium and France)
Cultural:Belg1
(ii), (iv)
1999
Benedictine Convent of St John at Müstair   SwitzerlandMüstair,
   Switzerland
46°37′46.02″N 10°26′51.54″E / 46.6294500°N 10.4476500°E / 46.6294500; 10.4476500 (Benedictine Convent of St John at Müstair)
Cultural:SwiMus
(iii)
2,036 (5,030) 1983 A Christian monastery from the Carolingian period. It has figurative murals, painted c. 800 AD, and other Romanesque art and designs.[6]
Berlin Modernism Housing Estates   GermanyBerlin,
  Germany
52°26′54″N 13°26′59.9″E / 52.44833°N 13.449972°E / 52.44833; 13.449972 (Berlin Modernism Housing Estates)
Cultural:GerBer2
(ii), (iv)
88 (220)
Buffer zone: 259 (640)
2008 Six housing estates from 1910 to 1933. Architects included Bruno Taut, Martin Wagner and Walter Gropius.[7]
Blaenavon Industrial Landscape   United KingdomTorfaen, Wales,
  United Kingdom
51°46′35″N 3°5′17″W / 51.77639°N 3.08806°W / 51.77639; -3.08806 (Blaenavon Industrial Landscape)
Cultural:UniTorf
(iii), (iv)
3,290 (8,100) 2000
Blenheim Palace   United KingdomWoodstock,
  United Kingdom
51°50′31″N 1°21′41″W / 51.84194°N 1.36139°W / 51.84194; -1.36139 (Blenheim Palace)
Cultural:UniWoo
(ii), (iv)
1987
Bordeaux, Port of the Moon   FranceGironde,
  France
44°50′20″N 0°34′20″E / 44.83889°N 0.57222°E / 44.83889; 0.57222 (Bordeaux, Port of the Moon)
Cultural:FraGir1
(ii), (iv)
1,731 (4,280) 2007
Bourges Cathedral   FranceBourges,
  France
47°4′56″N 2°23′54″E / 47.08222°N 2.39833°E / 47.08222; 2.39833 (Bourges Cathedral)
Cultural:FraBou
(i), (iv)
0.85 (2.1) 1992
Canal du Midi   FranceSouthern France,
  France
43°36′41″N 1°24′59″E / 43.61139°N 1.41639°E / 43.61139; 1.41639 (Canal du Midi)
Cultural:FraSou1
(i), (ii),
(iv), (vi)
1,172 (2,900) 1996
Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey, and St Martin's Church   United KingdomCanterbury,
  United Kingdom
51°16′48″N 1°4′59″W / 51.28000°N 1.08306°W / 51.28000; -1.08306 (Canterbury Cathedral, St Augustine's Abbey, and St Martin's Church)
Cultural:UniCan
(i), (ii), (vi)
18 (44) 1988
Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd   United KingdomGwynedd, Wales,
  United Kingdom
53°8′23″N 4°16′37″W / 53.13972°N 4.27694°W / 53.13972; -4.27694 (Castles and Town Walls of King Edward in Gwynedd)
Cultural:UniGwy
(i), (iii), (iv)
6 (15) 1986
Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at Brühl   GermanyBrühl, North Rhine-Westphalia,
  Germany
50°49′30.1″N 6°54′35.2″E / 50.825028°N 6.909778°E / 50.825028; 6.909778 (Castles of Augustusburg and Falkenlust at Brühl)
Cultural:GerBru
(ii), (iv)
89 (220) 1984 Examples of early German Rococo architecture.[8]
Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Rémi and Palace of Tau, Reims   FranceReims,
  France
49°15′12″N 4°1′58″E / 49.25333°N 4.03278°E / 49.25333; 4.03278 (Cathedral of Notre-Dame, Former Abbey of Saint-Remi and Palace of Tau, Reims)
Cultural:FraRei
(i), (ii), (vi)
4.16 (10.3) 1991 Notre-Dame in Reims is one of the masterpieces of Gothic art.[9]
The Causses and the Cévennes   FranceSouthern France,
  France
44°13′13″N 3°28′23″E / 44.22028°N 3.47306°E / 44.22028; 3.47306 (The Causses and the Cévennes)
Cultural:FraSou2
(iii), (v)
302,319 (747,050)
Buffer zone: 312,425 (772,020)
2011 The valleys of the Causses were developed and controlled by large abbeys, starting in the 11th century.[10]
Chartres Cathedral   FranceChartres,
  France
48°26′51″N 1°29′14″E / 48.44750°N 1.48722°E / 48.44750; 1.48722 (Chartres Cathedral)
Cultural:FraCha
(i), (ii), (iv)
1.06 (2.6) 1979 The cathedral was started in 1145 and rebuilt after a fire in 1194. It is a masterpiece of French Gothic art.[11]
La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, Watchmaking Town Planning   SwitzerlandCanton of Neuchâtel,
   Switzerland
47°6′14″N 6°49′58″E / 47.10389°N 6.83278°E / 47.10389; 6.83278 (La Chaux-de-Fonds/Le Locle, Watchmaking Town Planning.)
Cultural:SwiNeu
(iv)
284 (700) 2009 The site has two towns in the Swiss Jura mountains. The town of La Chaux-de-Fonds was described by Karl Marx as a “huge factory-town”.[12]
Cistercian Abbey of Fontenay   FranceMarmagne, Côte-d'Or,
  France
47°38′21.984″N 4°23′20.796″E / 47.63944000°N 4.38911000°E / 47.63944000; 4.38911000 (Cistercian Abbey of Fontenay)
Cultural:FraMar
(iv)
5.77 (14.3) 1981 The monastery was founded by St Bernard in 1119. It isolates the residents from the outside world.[13]
City of Bath   United KingdomSomerset,
  United Kingdom
51°22′53″N 2°21′31″W / 51.38139°N 2.35861°W / 51.38139; -2.35861 (City of Bath)
Cultural:UniSom
(i), (ii), (iv)
2,900 (7,200) 1987 Bath was founded by the Romans as a thermal spa town. It was later rebuilt as a neoclassical town.[14]
City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg   AustriaStyria,
  Austria
47°4′27″N 15°23′30″E / 47.07417°N 15.39167°E / 47.07417; 15.39167 (City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg)
Cultural:AusSty
(ii), (iv)
1999 A branch of the Habsburg family lived in Graz for centuries.[15]
City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications   Luxembourg  Luxembourg
49°36′36″N 6°7′59.988″E / 49.61000°N 6.13333000°E / 49.61000; 6.13333000 (City of Luxembourg: its Old Quarters and Fortifications)
Cultural:Luxembourg
(iv)
30 (74) 1994 Over the centuries Luxembourg was traded back and forth by the great powers in Europe.[16]
Classical Weimar   GermanyThuringia,
  Germany
50°58′39″N 11°19′42.996″E / 50.97750°N 11.32861000°E / 50.97750; 11.32861000 (Classical Weimar)
Cultural:GerWei
(iii), (vi)
1998 Weimar became a cultural center in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.[17]
Collegiate Church, Castle, and Old Town of Quedlinburg   GermanyHarz,
  Germany
51°46′59.988″N 11°9′0″E / 51.78333000°N 11.15000°E / 51.78333000; 11.15000 (Collegiate Church, Castle and Old Town of Quedlinburg)
Cultural:GerHar
(iv)
1994
Cologne Cathedral   GermanyCologne,
  Germany
50°56′28″N 6°57′26″E / 50.94111°N 6.95722°E / 50.94111; 6.95722 (Cologne Cathedral)
Cultural:GerCol
(i), (ii), (iv)
1996
Convent of St Gall   SwitzerlandSt. Gallen,
   Switzerland
47°25′23.988″N 9°22′40.008″E / 47.42333000°N 9.37778000°E / 47.42333000; 9.37778000 (Convent of St Gall)
Cultural:SwiStGal
(ii), (iv)
1983 Its library is one of the richest and oldest in the world.[18]
Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape   United KingdomSouth West England,
  United Kingdom
50°8′10″N 5°23′1″W / 50.13611°N 5.38361°W / 50.13611; -5.38361 (Cornwall and West Devon Mining Landscape)
Cultural:UniSouCor
(ii), (iii), (iv)
19,719 (48,730) 2006
Defence Line of Amsterdam   NetherlandsAmsterdam,
  Netherlands
52°22′28″N 4°53′35″E / 52.37444°N 4.89306°E / 52.37444; 4.89306 (Defence Line of Amsterdam)
Cultural:NetAmsDef
(ii), (iv), (v)
14,953 (36,950) 1996
Derwent Valley Mills   United KingdomDerbyshire,
  United Kingdom
53°1′44″N 1°29′17″W / 53.02889°N 1.48806°W / 53.02889; -1.48806 (Derwent Valley Mills)
Cultural:UniDer
(ii), (iv)
1,229 (3,040) 2001
Dorset and East Devon Coast   United KingdomDorset,
  United Kingdom
50°42′20″N 2°59′23.6″W / 50.70556°N 2.989889°W / 50.70556; -2.989889 (Dorset and East Devon Coast)
Natural:UniEasDev
(viii)
2,550 (6,300) 2001
Durham Castle and Cathedral   United KingdomDurham,
  United Kingdom
54°46′29″N 1°34′34″W / 54.77472°N 1.57611°W / 54.77472; -1.57611 (Durham Castle and Cathedral)
Cultural:UniDur
(ii), (iv), (vi)
8.79 (21.7) 1986
Episcopal City of Albi   FranceTarn,
  France
43°55′42″N 2°8′33″E / 43.92833°N 2.14250°E / 43.92833; 2.14250 (Cité épiscopale d'Albi)
Cultural:FraTar
(iv), (v)
19 (47) 2010
Fagus Factory in Alfeld   GermanyAlfeld,
  Germany
51°59′1″N 9°48′40″E / 51.98361°N 9.81111°E / 51.98361; 9.81111 (Fagus Factory in Alfeld)
Cultural:GerAlf
(ii), (iv)
1.88 (4.6) 2011
Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape   AustriaBurgenland and Győr-Moson-Sopron County,
  Austria*
  Hungary*
47°43′9.4″N 16°43′21.8″E / 47.719278°N 16.722722°E / 47.719278; 16.722722 (Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:AusBur
(v)
52 (130)
buffer: 40 (99)
2001 Villages and castles built on top of ancient settlements and landscape.[19]
Flemish Béguinages   BelgiumFlanders,
  Belgium
51°1′51.5″N 4°28′25.5″E / 51.030972°N 4.473750°E / 51.030972; 4.473750 (Flemish Béguinages)
Cultural:BelFla
(ii), (iii), (iv)
60 (150) 1998
Fortifications of Vauban   France  France
50°16′57″N 2°45′32″E / 50.28250°N 2.75889°E / 50.28250; 2.75889 (Fortifications of Vauban)
Cultural:Fra1
(i), (ii), (iv)
1,153 (2,850) 2008
The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre and their Environs, La Louvière and Le Roeulx   BelgiumLa Louvière,
  Belgium
50°28′51.996″N 4°8′13.992″E / 50.48111000°N 4.13722000°E / 50.48111000; 4.13722000 (The Four Lifts on the Canal du Centre)
Cultural:BelLaLou
(iii), (iv)
67 (170) 1998
Frontiers of the Roman Empire   GermanyCentral Lowlands,
Northern England,
and Southern Germany
  Germany*
  United Kingdom*
54°59′33.4″N 2°36′3.6″W / 54.992611°N 2.601000°W / 54.992611; -2.601000 (Frontiers of the Roman Empire)
Cultural:GerCen
(ii), (iii), (iv)
527 (1,300) 1987
Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz   GermanySaxony-Anhalt,
  Germany
51°50′33″N 12°25′14.988″E / 51.84250°N 12.42083000°E / 51.84250; 12.42083000 (Garden Kingdom of Dessau-Wörlitz)
Cultural:GerSax1
(ii), (iv)
14,500 (36,000) 2000
Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast   United KingdomCounty Antrim, Northern Ireland,
  United Kingdom
55°15′0″N 6°29′7″W / 55.25000°N 6.48528°W / 55.25000; -6.48528 (Giant's Causeway and Causeway Coast)
Natural:UniCouAnt
(vii), (viii)
70 (170) 1986
La Grand-Place, Brussels   BelgiumBrussels,
  Belgium
50°50′48.048″N 4°21′8.712″E / 50.84668000°N 4.35242000°E / 50.84668000; 4.35242000 (La Grand-Place, Brussels)
Cultural:BelBru1
(ii), (iv)
1998
Gulf of Porto: Calanche of Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve   FranceCorsica,
  France
42°19′30.7″N 8°37′43.8″E / 42.325194°N 8.628833°E / 42.325194; 8.628833 (Gulf of Porto: Calanche of Piana, Gulf of Girolata, Scandola Reserve)
Natural:FraCor
(vii), (viii), (x)
11,800 (29,000) 1983
Hallstatt-Dachstein / Salzkammergut Cultural Landscape   AustriaSalzkammergut,
  Austria
47°33′34″N 13°38′47″E / 47.55944°N 13.64639°E / 47.55944; 13.64639 (Hallstatt-Dachstein / Salzkammergut Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:AusSal
(iii), (iv)
28,446 (70,290) 1997
Hanseatic City of Lübeck   GermanySchleswig-Holstein,
  Germany
53°52′0.012″N 10°41′30.012″E / 53.86667000°N 10.69167000°E / 53.86667000; 10.69167000 (Hanseatic City of Lübeck)
Cultural:GerSch
(iv)
81 (200) 1987
Heart of Neolithic Orkney   United KingdomMainland, Scotland,
  United Kingdom
58°59′45.8″N 3°11′19.2″W / 58.996056°N 3.188667°W / 58.996056; -3.188667 (Heart of Neolithic Orkney)
Cultural:UniMai
(i), (ii),
(iii), (iv)
15 (37) 1999
Historic Centre of Avignon: Papal Palace, Episcopal Ensemble and Avignon Bridge   FranceVaucluse,
  France
43°57′10″N 4°48′22″E / 43.95278°N 4.80611°E / 43.95278; 4.80611 (Historic Centre of Avignon)
Culture:FraVau
(i), (ii), (iv)
8.2 (20) 1995
Historic Centre of Bruges   BelgiumWest Flanders,
  Belgium
51°12′32.076″N 3°13′30.972″E / 51.20891000°N 3.22527000°E / 51.20891000; 3.22527000 (Historic Centre of Brugge)
Cultural:BelWes
(ii), (iv), (vi)
410 (1,000) 2000
Historic Centre of Salzburg   AustriaSalzburg,
  Austria
47°48′2″N 13°2′36″E / 47.80056°N 13.04333°E / 47.80056; 13.04333 (Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg)
Cultural:AusSal
(ii), (iv), (vi)
236 (580) 1996
Historic Centre of Vienna   Austria  Austria
48°13′0″N 16°22′59″E / 48.21667°N 16.38306°E / 48.21667; 16.38306 (Historic Centre of Vienna)
Cultural:Aus2
(ii), (iv), (vi)
371 (920) 2001
Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar   GermanyMecklenburg-Vorpommern,
  Germany
54°18′9″N 13°5′7″E / 54.30250°N 13.08528°E / 54.30250; 13.08528 (Historic Centres of Stralsund and Wismar)
Cultural:GerMec
(ii), (iv)
168 (420) 2002
Historic Site of Lyon   FranceRhône,
  France
45°46′1.992″N 4°49′59.988″E / 45.76722000°N 4.83333000°E / 45.76722000; 4.83333000 (Historic Site of Lyons)
Cultural:FraRho
(ii), (iv)
427 (1,060) 1998
Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne   FranceAude,
  France
43°12′38″N 2°21′32″E / 43.21056°N 2.35889°E / 43.21056; 2.35889 (Historic Fortified City of Carcassonne)
Cultural:FraAud
(ii), (iv)
11 (27) 1997
Ir.D.F. Woudagemaal (D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station)   NetherlandsLemmer,
  Netherlands
52°50′44.988″N 5°40′44.004″E / 52.84583000°N 5.67889000°E / 52.84583000; 5.67889000 (Ir.D.F. Woudagemaal (D.F. Wouda Steam Pumping Station))
Culture:NetLem
(i), (ii), (iv)
7.32 (18.1) 1998
Ironbridge Gorge   United KingdomShropshire,
  United Kingdom
52°37′35″N 2°28′22″W / 52.62639°N 2.47278°W / 52.62639; -2.47278 (Ironbridge Gorge)
Cultural:UniShr
(i), (ii),
(iv), (vi)
1986
Jurisdiction of Saint-Émilion   FranceGironde,
  France
44°53′41″N 0°9′19″E / 44.89472°N 0.15528°E / 44.89472; 0.15528 (Jurisdiction of Saint-Emilion)
Cultural:FraGir2
(iii), (iv)
7,847 (19,390) 1999
Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout   NetherlandsAlblasserdam and Nieuw-Lekkerland,
  Netherlands
51°52′57″N 4°38′58″E / 51.88250°N 4.64944°E / 51.88250; 4.64944 (Mill Network at Kinderdijk-Elshout)
Cultural:NetAlb
(i), (ii), (iv)
1997 The first canals and pumps to drain the land for farming were built here in the Middle Ages.[20]
Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces   SwitzerlandVaud,
   Switzerland
46°29′31″N 6°44′46″E / 46.49194°N 6.74611°E / 46.49194; 6.74611 (Lavaux, Vineyard Terraces)
Cultural:SwiVau
(iii), (iv), (v)
1,408 (3,480) 2007 The Lavaux Vineyard Terraces go for 30 km (19 mi) on the south-facing northern shores of Lake Geneva.[21]
Le Havre, the City Rebuilt by Auguste Perret   FranceSeine-Maritime,
  France
49°29′34.008″N 0°6′27″E / 49.49278000°N 0.10750°E / 49.49278000; 0.10750 (Le Havre)
Cultural:FraSei
(ii), (iv)
133 (330) 2005
Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City   United KingdomMerseyside,
  United Kingdom
53°24′24″N 2°59′40″W / 53.40667°N 2.99444°W / 53.40667; -2.99444 (Liverpool – Maritime Mercantile City)
Cultural:UniMer
(ii), (iii), (iv)
136 (340) 2004
The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes   FranceLoire Valley,
  France
47°23′56.004″N 0°42′10.008″E / 47.39889000°N 0.70278000°E / 47.39889000; 0.70278000 (The Loire Valley between Sully-sur-Loire and Chalonnes)
Cultural:FraLoi
(i), (ii), (iv)
85,394 (211,010)
Buffer zone: 208,934 (516,290)
2000 The Loire Valley has historic towns and villages, castles and cultivated lands.[22]
Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg   GermanySaxony-Anhalt,
  Germany
51°51′52.992″N 12°39′10.008″E / 51.86472000°N 12.65278000°E / 51.86472000; 12.65278000 (Luther Memorials in Eisleben and Wittenberg)
Cultural:GerSax2
(iv), (vi)
1996
Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta (Brussels)   BelgiumBrussels,
  Belgium
50°49′41.016″N 4°21′44.028″E / 50.82806000°N 4.36223000°E / 50.82806000; 4.36223000 (Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta (Brussels))
Cultural:BelBru2
(i), (ii), (iv)
2000
Maritime Greenwich   United KingdomLondon,
  United Kingdom
51°28′45″N 0°0′0″E / 51.47917°N 0.00000°E / 51.47917; 0.00000 (Maritime Greenwich)
Cultural:UniLon1
(i), (ii),
(iv), (vi)
110 (270) 1997
Maulbronn Monastery Complex   GermanyMaulbronn,
  Germany
49°0′2.988″N 8°48′47.016″E / 49.00083000°N 8.81306000°E / 49.00083000; 8.81306000 (Maulbronn Monastery Complex)
Cultural:GerMau
(ii), (iv)
1993 The Cistercian Maulbronn Monastery is the most complete medieval monasteries north of the Alps.[23]
Messel Pit Fossil Site   GermanyMessel,
  Germany
49°55′0.012″N 8°45′14.004″E / 49.91667000°N 8.75389000°E / 49.91667000; 8.75389000 (Messel Pit Fossil Site)
Natural:GerMes
(viii)
42 (100)
buffer: 23 (57)
1995 Messel Pit is the richest fossil site in the world for the Eocene, 57 to 36 million years ago. It shows the earlier stages of mammalian evolution. There are fully articulated skeletons, and the stomach contents of some animals.[24]
Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System   GermanyGoslar,
Upper Harz,
  Germany
51°49′12″N 10°20′24″E / 51.82000°N 10.34000°E / 51.82000; 10.34000 (Mines of Rammelsberg, Historic Town of Goslar and Upper Harz Water Management System)
Cultural:GerGos
(i), (ii),
(iii), (iv)
1,010 (2,500)
Buffer zone: 5,655 (13,970)
1992 The Upper Harz water system was used for some 800 years for mining and extracting ore.[25]
Monastic Island of Reichenau   GermanyBaden-Württemberg,
  Germany
47°41′55.4″N 9°3′40.7″E / 47.698722°N 9.061306°E / 47.698722; 9.061306 (Monastic Island of Reichenau)
Cultural:GerBad
(iii), (iv), (vi)
2000 The site includes traces of the Benedictine monastery, founded in 724. This had spiritual, intellectual and artistic influence in the surrounding region.[26]
Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay   FranceManche,
  France
48°38′8.016″N 1°30′38.016″W / 48.63556000°N 1.51056000°W / 48.63556000; -1.51056000 (Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay)
Cultural:FraMan
(i), (iii), (vi)
6,558 (16,210)
Buffer zone: 57,589 (142,310)
1979 A Gothic-style Benedictine abbey, and the village which grew up under its walls. It is on a rocky islet in the midst of vast sandbanks between Normandy and Brittany.[27]
Monte San Giorgio   SwitzerlandTicino,
  Italy*
   Switzerland*
45°53′20″N 8°54′50″E / 45.88889°N 8.91389°E / 45.88889; 8.91389 (Monte San Giorgio)
Natural:SwiCanTic
(viii)
3,207 (7,920) 2010 The wooded mountain of Monte San Giorgio at Lake Lugano is the best fossil record of marine life from the Triassic (245–230 million years ago).[28]
Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin   GermanyBerlin,
  Germany
52°31′11″N 13°23′55″E / 52.51972°N 13.39861°E / 52.51972; 13.39861 (Museumsinsel (Museum Island), Berlin)
Cultural:GerBer3
(ii), (iv)
1999 There are five museums on the Museumsinsel in Berlin. The collections trace the development of civilizations throughout the ages.[29]
Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski   PolandUpper Lusatia,
  Germany*
  Poland*
51°34′45.5″N 14°43′35.2″E / 51.579306°N 14.726444°E / 51.579306; 14.726444 (Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski)
Cultural:GerUpp
(i), (iv)
348 (860)
Buffer zone: 1,205 (2,980)
2004 A landscaped park on the Neisse River and the border between Poland and Germany, it was created by Prince Hermann von Puckler-Muskau from 1815 to 1844.[30]

Sites N to ZEdit

Site Image Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Description
Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons)   BelgiumSpiennes,
  Belgium
50°25′50.772″N 3°58′43.644″E / 50.43077000°N 3.97879000°E / 50.43077000; 3.97879000 (Neolithic Flint Mines at Spiennes (Mons))
Cultural:BelSpi
(i), (iii), (iv)
172 (430) 2000 The Neolithic flint mines at Spiennes are the largest and earliest group of ancient mines in Europe.[31]
New Lanark   United KingdomLanark, Scotland
  United Kingdom
55°39′48″N 3°46′59″W / 55.66333°N 3.78306°W / 55.66333; -3.78306 (New Lanark)
Cultural:UniLanSco
(ii), (iv), (vi)
146 (360)
Buffer zone: 667 (1,650)
2001 New Lanark is a small village where, in the early 19th century, Robert Owen built a community based on his ideals. The site includes cotton mill buildings, workers' housing, and schools.[32]
Notre-Dame Cathedral in Tournai   BelgiumTournai,
  Belgium
50°36′21.708″N 3°23′21.336″E / 50.60603000°N 3.38926000°E / 50.60603000; 3.38926000 (Notre-Dame Cathedral in Tournai)
Cultural:BelTou
(ii), (iv)
0.5 (1.2) 2000 The Cathedral of Notre-Dame in Tournai was built in the first half of the 12th century. The nave, transept and towers are in the romanesque style.[33]
Old City of Berne   SwitzerlandBern,
   Switzerland
46°56′53.016″N 7°27′1.008″E / 46.94806000°N 7.45028000°E / 46.94806000; 7.45028000 (Old City of Bern)
Cultural:SwiCanBer
(iii)
84,684 (209,260) 1983 Founded in the 12th century, Bern developed on a hill site surrounded by the Aare River. The early buildings were followed by arcades in the 15th century arcades and fountains in the 16th century.[34]
Old and New Towns of Edinburgh   United KingdomEdinburgh, Scotland,
  United Kingdom
55°57′0″N 3°13′0″W / 55.95000°N 3.21667°W / 55.95000; -3.21667 (Old and New Towns of Edinburgh)
Cultural:UniEdiSco
(ii), (iv)
1995 Edinburgh has two distinct areas. The Old Town is dominated by a medieval fortress. The New Town (18th century onwards) had a big influence on European urban planning.[35]
Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof   GermanyRegensburg,
  Germany
49°1′14″N 12°5′57″E / 49.02056°N 12.09917°E / 49.02056; 12.09917 (Old Town of Regensburg with Stadtamhof)
Cultural:GerBavReg
(ii), (iii), (iv)
183 (450)
Buffer zone: 776 (1,920)
2006 This medieval town has many notable buildings built over almost two millennia. Regensburg was a center of the Holy Roman Empire which turned to Protestantism.[36]
Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn   AustriaVienna,
  Austria
48°11′12″N 16°18′48″E / 48.18667°N 16.31333°E / 48.18667; 16.31333 (Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn)
Cultural:AusVie
(i), (iv)
186 (460)
Buffer zone: 261 (640)
1996 The home of the Habsburg emperors from the 18th century to 1918. It was built in the rococo style as a single, unified project. It was the site of the world's first zoo.[37]
Palace and Park of Fontainebleau   FranceFontainebleau,
  France
48°24′7″N 2°41′53″E / 48.40194°N 2.69806°E / 48.40194; 2.69806 (Palace and Park of Fontainebleau)
Cultural:FraFon
(ii), (vi)
144 (360) 1981 Used by the kings of France from the 12th century, the medieval royal hunting lodge of Fontainebleau was enlarged in the 16th century by François I. He wanted to make a 'New Rome' of it.[38]
Palace and Park of Versailles   FranceVersailles,
  France
48°48′18″N 2°7′10″E / 48.80500°N 2.11944°E / 48.80500; 2.11944 (Palace and Park of Versailles)
Cultural:FraVer
(i), (ii), (vi)
1,070 (2,600)
Buffer zone: 9,467 (23,390)
1979 The Palace of Versailles was the main home of the French kings from the time of Louis XIV to Louis XVI.[39]
Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin   GermanyBerlin, Potsdam,
  Germany
52°23′59″N 13°1′59″E / 52.39972°N 13.03306°E / 52.39972; 13.03306 (Palaces and Parks of Potsdam and Berlin)
Cultural:GerBer4
(i), (ii), (iv)
2,064 (5,100) 1990 This site has 500 ha (1,200 acres) of parks and 150 buildings, built between 1730 and 1916. The Sans-Souci Palace was built under Frederick II between 1745 and 1747.[40]
Paris, Banks of the Seine   FranceParis,
  France
48°51′30″N 2°17′39″E / 48.85833°N 2.29417°E / 48.85833; 2.29417 (Paris, Banks of the Seine)
Cultural:FraPar
(i), (ii), (iv)
365 (900) 1991 The river Seine runs through the heart of Paris. The banks of the river are lined with many of Paris' most famous buildings including the Louvre, the Eiffel Tower, the Place de la Concorde, and the Cathedral of Notre Dame.[41]
Pilgrimage Church of Wies   GermanySteingaden,
  Germany
47°40′52.6″N 10°54′0.5″E / 47.681278°N 10.900139°E / 47.681278; 10.900139 (Pilgrimage Church of Wies)
Cultural:GerSte
(i), (iii)
0.1 (0.25) 1983 The Church of Wies (1745–54) is a masterpiece of the Bavarian Rococo art.[42]
Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière and Place d'Alliance in Nancy   FranceNancy,
  France
48°41′37″N 6°10′59″E / 48.69361°N 6.18306°E / 48.69361; 6.18306 (Place Stanislas, Place de la Carrière and Place d'Alliance in Nancy)
Cultural:FraNan
(i), (iv)
1983 Nancy is the oldest example of a capital city built as a unified whole and on modern principles. It was built between 1752 and 1756 by the architect Héré.[43]
Plantin-Moretus House-Workshops-Museum Complex   BelgiumAntwerp,
  Belgium
51°13′5.988″N 4°23′52.008″E / 51.21833000°N 4.39778000°E / 51.21833000; 4.39778000 (Plantin-Moretus House-Workshops-Museum Complex)
Cultural:BelAnt
(ii), (iii),
(iv), (vi)
2005 The Plantin-Moretus Museum is a printing plant and publishing house. It is named after the greatest printer-publisher of the later 16th century: Christophe Plantin. There is a collection of old printing equipment, an extensive library, archives and works of art.[44]
Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal   United KingdomWrexham, Wales,
  United Kingdom
52°58′13″N 3°5′16″W / 52.97028°N 3.08778°W / 52.97028; -3.08778 (Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal)
Cultural:UniWreWal
(i), (ii), (iv)
105 (260)
Buffer zone: 4,145 (10,240)
2009 In north-eastern Wales, the 18 kilometres (11 mi) long Pontcysyllte Aqueduct and Canal is a feat of civil engineering of the Industrial Revolution. The aqueduct was built in a rugged, hilly countryside without any locks. Cast and wrought iron made arches that were light and strong.[45]
Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct)   FranceVers-Pont-du-Gard,
  France
43°56′50″N 4°32′7″E / 43.94722°N 4.53528°E / 43.94722; 4.53528 (Pont du Gard (Roman Aqueduct))
Cultural:FraVer
(i), (iii), (iv)
0.33 (0.82)
Buffer zone: 691 (1,710)
1985 The Pont du Gard was built shortly before the Christian era in Rome. It was to allow the aqueduct of Nîmes (which is almost 50 km (31 mi) long) to cross the Gard river.[46]
Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps   Austria  Austria*,
  France*,
  Germany*,
  Italy*,
  Slovenia*,
   Switzerland*
47°16′42″N 8°12′27″E / 47.27833°N 8.20750°E / 47.27833; 8.20750 (Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps)
Cultural:Swi
(iv), (v)
3,961 (9,790) 2011 There are 111 small sites with the remains of prehistoric pile-dwelling stilt houses in and around the Alps.[47]
Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley   FranceLascaux,
  France
45°3′27″N 1°10′12″E / 45.05750°N 1.17000°E / 45.05750; 1.17000 (Prehistoric Sites and Decorated Caves of the Vézère Valley)
Cultural:FraLas
(i), (iii)
1979 The Vézère valley has 147 prehistoric sites dating from the Palaeolithic and 25 decorated caves. The discovery of Lascaux Cave in 1940 was of great importance. The hunting scenes show about 100 animal figures with remarkable color and detail.[48]
Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany   Germany  Germany*,
  Slovakia*,
  Ukraine*
49°5′10″N 22°32′10″E / 49.08611°N 22.53611°E / 49.08611; 22.53611 (Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany)
Natural:Ger1
(ix)
33,670 (83,200)
Buffer: 62,403 (154,200)
2007 Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathian are used to study the spread of the beech tree (Fagus sylvatica) in the Northern Hemisphere. The addition of the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany in 2011 included five forests of Slovakian and Ukrainian beech forests.[49]
Provins, Town of Medieval Fairs   FranceProvins,
  France
48°33′35″N 3°17′56″E / 48.55972°N 3.29889°E / 48.55972; 3.29889 (Provins, Town of Medieval Fairs)
Cultural:FraPro
(ii), (iv)
108 (270)
Buffer zone: 1,365 (3,370)
2001 The fortified medieval town of Provins is in the former territory of the powerful Counts of Champagne. It was a center of international trading fairs and the wool industry.[50]
Pyrénées – Mont Perdu   FranceHautes-Pyrénées and
Province of Huesca,
  France*
  Spain*
42°41′7.512″N 0°0′1.8″E / 42.68542000°N 0.000500°E / 42.68542000; 0.000500 (Pyrénées - Mont Perdu)
Mixed:FraHau
(iii), (iv), (v),
(vii), (viii)
30,639 (75,710) 1997 This mountain landscape, which crosses the French and Spanish borders, is centred round the peak of Mount Perdu. The site includes two of Europe's largest and deepest canyons and three major cirque valleys.[51]
Rhaetian Railway in the Albula / Bernina Landscapes   SwitzerlandGraubünden and Tirano,
  Italy*
   Switzerland*
46°29′54″N 9°50′47″E / 46.49833°N 9.84639°E / 46.49833; 9.84639 (Rhaetian Railway)
Cultural:SwiGra
(ii) (iv)
109,386 (270,300) 2008 This brings together two historic railway lines that cross the Swiss Alps through two passes. The railways provided a rapid and easy route into many formerly isolated alpine settlements.[52]
Rietveld Schröder House   NetherlandsUtrecht,
  Netherlands
52°5′7″N 5°8′50″E / 52.08528°N 5.14722°E / 52.08528; 5.14722 (Rietveld Schröder House)
Cultural:NetUtr
(i), (ii)
2000 The Rietveld Schröder House in Utrecht was built in 1924. It is an example of the De Stijl group of artists and architects from the 1920s, a modernist movement in architecture.[53]
Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier   GermanyTrier,
  Germany
49°45′0″N 6°37′59″E / 49.75000°N 6.63306°E / 49.75000; 6.63306 (Roman Monuments, Cathedral of St. Peter and Church of Our Lady in Trier)
Cultural:GerTri
(i)(iii),
(iv), (vi)
1986 The Roman colony at Trier was founded in the 1st century AD. It grew into a major town and became one of the capitals of the Tetrarchy at the end of the 3rd century. Many of the Roman era structures are still standing in Trier.[54]
Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the Triumphal Arch of Orange   FranceOrange,
  France
44°8′8.6″N 4°48′30.3″E / 44.135722°N 4.808417°E / 44.135722; 4.808417 (Roman Theatre and its Surroundings and the "Triumphal Arch" of Orange)
Cultural:FraOra
(iii), (vi)
9.45 (23.4)
Buffer zone: 232 (570)
1981 The Roman theatre of Orange is well preserved. The theatre has an intact 103 m (338 ft) facade. The Roman arch was built between A.D. 10 and 25 as a triumphal arch during the reign of Augustus.[55]
Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France   France  France
45°11′2.6″N 0°43′22.6″E / 45.184056°N 0.722944°E / 45.184056; 0.722944 (Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France)
Cultural:Fra2
(ii), (iv), (vi)
1998 The site has a number of churches and hospitals that are places on the pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela in western Spain.[56]
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew   United KingdomLondon,
  United Kingdom
51°28′55″N 0°17′38.5″E / 51.48194°N 0.294028°E / 51.48194; 0.294028 (Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew)
Cultural:UniLon2
(ii), (iii), (iv)
132 (330)
Buffer zone: 350 (860)
2003 The gardens were built between the 18th to the 20th centuries. The gardens house botanic collections that have been built up over centuries.[57]
Royal Saltworks at Arc-et-Senans   FranceArc-et-Senans,
Salins-les-Bains,
  France
46°56′15″N 5°52′35″E / 46.93750°N 5.87639°E / 46.93750; 5.87639 (Royal Saltworks of Arc-et-Senans)
Cultural:FraArc
(i), (ii), (iv)
1982 This site has two open pan saltworks.[58]
Saltaire   United KingdomCity of Bradford,
  United Kingdom
53°50′21″N 1°47′18″W / 53.83917°N 1.78833°W / 53.83917; -1.78833 (Saltaire)
Cultural:UniC
(ii), (iv)
20 (49)
Buffer zone: 1,078 (2,660)
2001 Saltaire, West Yorkshire, is a complete and well-preserved Victorian model industrial village from the second half of the 19th century.[59]
Schokland and Surroundings   NetherlandsNoordoostpolder,
  Netherlands
52°38′19″N 5°46′18″E / 52.63861°N 5.77167°E / 52.63861; 5.77167 (Schokland and Surroundings)
Cultural:NetNoo
(iii), (v)
1,306 (3,230) 1995 Schokland was a peninsula on the Zuider Zee which became an island by the 15th century. When the waters rose, it was left. However after the draining of the Zuider Zee in the 1940s, people came back to live there.[60]
Semmering railway   AustriaGloggnitz,
Simmering in Styria,
  Austria
47°38′55.6″N 15°49′40.7″E / 47.648778°N 15.827972°E / 47.648778; 15.827972 (Semmering railway)
Cultural:AusGlo
(ii), (iv)
156 (390)
Buffer zone: 8,581 (21,200)
1998 The Semmering Railway, was built between 1848 and 1854. It covers 41 km (25 mi) of rugged mountains. The tunnels, viaducts and other works are still in use today.[61]
Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht   NetherlandsAmsterdam,
  Netherlands
52°21′54″N 4°53′16″E / 52.36500°N 4.88778°E / 52.36500; 4.88778 (Seventeenth-century canal ring area of Amsterdam inside the Singelgracht)
Cultural:NetAmsSev
(i), (ii), (iv)
198 (490) 2010
Skellig Michael   IrelandCounty Kerry,
  Ireland
51°46′18.984″N 10°32′18.996″W / 51.77194000°N 10.53861000°W / 51.77194000; -10.53861000 (Skellig Michael)
Cultural:IreCou
(iii), (iv)
22 (54) 1996 The monastery at Skellig Michael, from the 7th century, is on the rocky island of Skellig Michael, some 12 km (7.5 mi) off the coast of south-west Ireland.[62]
Speyer Cathedral   GermanySpeyer,
  Germany
49°19′0″N 8°26′35″E / 49.31667°N 8.44306°E / 49.31667; 8.44306 (Speyer Cathedral)
Cultural:GerSpe
(ii)
1981 The romanesque Speyer Cathedral, was founded by Conrad II in 1030.It was one of the grandest romanesque cathedrals in the Holy Roman Empire and the burial place of German emperors for almost 300 years.[63]
St Kilda   United KingdomSt Kilda, Scotland,
  United Kingdom
57°49′2″N 8°34′36″W / 57.81722°N 8.57667°W / 57.81722; -8.57667 (St Kilda)
Mixed:UniStkSco
(iii), (v), (vii),
(ix), (x)
24,201 (59,800) 1986 This volcanic archipelago, off the coast of the Hebrides, has some of the highest cliffs in Europe, with large colonies of rare and endangered birds and the craggy landscape. There is evidence of over 2,000 years of human settlements despite the harsh landscape and climate.[64]
St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim   GermanyHildesheim,
  Germany
52°9′10.008″N 9°56′38.004″E / 52.15278000°N 9.94389000°E / 52.15278000; 9.94389000 (St Mary's Cathedral and St Michael's Church at Hildesheim)
Cultural:GerHil
(i), (ii), (iii)
0.58 (1.4)
Buffer zone: 158 (390)
1985 The site has two churches in Hildesheim. The Ottonian romanesque St Michael's Church was built between 1010 and 1020. The treasures of the romanesque St Mary's Cathedral make up the rest of the site.[65]
Stoclet House BelgiumBrussels,
  Belgium
50°50′6″N 4°24′58″E / 50.83500°N 4.41611°E / 50.83500; 4.41611 (Stoclet House)
Cultural:BelBru3
(i), (ii)
0.86 (2.1)
Buffer zone: 25 (62)
2009 This house was built by Josef Hoffmann for the banker Adolphe Stoclet. The angular undecorated design marked a turning point in Art Nouveau movement. The house is decorated with works by Koloman Moser and Gustav Klimt.[66]
Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites   United KingdomWiltshire,
  United Kingdom
51°10′44″N 1°49′31″W / 51.17889°N 1.82528°W / 51.17889; -1.82528 (Stonehenge, Avebury and Associated Sites)
Cultural:UniWil
(i), (ii), (iii)
4,985 (12,320) 1986 This site has two of the most famous megalith sites in the world, Stonehenge and Avebury. Both are an arrangement of standing stones (menhirs) arranged in a pattern. It also includes several other nearby Neolithic sites.[67]
Strasbourg – Grande île   FranceStrasbourg,
  France
48°34′53″N 7°43′48″E / 48.58139°N 7.73000°E / 48.58139; 7.73000 (Strasbourg – Grande île)
Cultural:FraStr
(i), (ii), (iv)
94 (230) 1988 The Grande Ile (Big Island) is the historic center of the Alsatian capital and includes a number of historic buildings.[68]
Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey   United KingdomNorth Yorkshire,
  United Kingdom
54°6′58″N 1°34′23″W / 54.11611°N 1.57306°W / 54.11611; -1.57306 (Studley Royal Park including the Ruins of Fountains Abbey)
Cultural:UniNor
(i), (iv)
1986 This site has the ruins of the Cistercian Fountains Abbey and Fountains Hall Castle along with Studley Royal Park.[69]
Swiss Alps Jungfrau-Aletsch   SwitzerlandCantons of Bern and Valais,
   Switzerland
46°30′0″N 8°1′59″E / 46.50000°N 8.03306°E / 46.50000; 8.03306 (Swiss Alps Jungfrau-Aletsch)
Natural:SwiBer2
(vii), (viii), (ix)
82,400 (204,000) 2007 The site includes several of the highest mountains in the Central Alps along with the largest glacier in Eurasia.[70]
Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona   SwitzerlandGlarus,
St. Gallen
and Graubünden
,
   Switzerland
46°55′0″N 9°15′0″E / 46.91667°N 9.25000°E / 46.91667; 9.25000 (Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona)
Natural:SwiCanGla
(viii)
32,850 (81,200) 2008 The Swiss Tectonic Arena Sardona in the north-eastern part of the country covers a mountainous area which has seven peaks that rise above 3,000 m (9,800 ft). The site has been a key site for the geological sciences since the 18th century.[71]
Three Castles of Bellinzona   SwitzerlandBellinzona,
   Switzerland
46°11′35.304″N 9°1′20.712″E / 46.19314000°N 9.02242000°E / 46.19314000; 9.02242000 (Three Castles of Bellinzona)
Cultural:SwiCanTic
(iv)
2000 The Bellinzona site has a group of fortifications grouped around the castle of Castelgrande. The castle stands on a rocky peak looking out over the entire Ticino valley.[72]
Tower of London   United KingdomLondon,
  United Kingdom
51°30′29″N 0°4′34″E / 51.50806°N 0.07611°E / 51.50806; 0.07611 (Tower of London)
Cultural:UniLon3
(ii), (iv)
1988 The original tower was the White Tower built by William the Conqueror in 1078 to control the recently conquerored land. The Tower of London served partly as a prison, and many important figures were held there.[73]
Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen   GermanyBremen,
  Germany
53°4′33.5″N 8°48′26.9″E / 53.075972°N 8.807472°E / 53.075972; 8.807472 (Town Hall and Roland on the Marketplace of Bremen)
Cultural:GerBre
(iii), (iv), (vi)
0.29 (0.72)
Buffer zone: 36,295 (89,690)
2004 Under the Holy Roman Empire, Bremen had extensive freedom to let the town to grow; this made the town hall a center of power. Both the old and new Town Halls survived bombings during World War II. The statue of Roland was built in 1404.[74]
Town of Bamberg   GermanyBamberg,
  Germany
49°53′30″N 10°53′20″E / 49.89167°N 10.88889°E / 49.89167; 10.88889 (Town of Bamberg)
Cultural:GerBam
(ii)(iv)
142 (350)
Buffer zone: 444 (1,100)
1993 In 1007, Bamberg became the center of a dioesce that was to help spread Christianity to the Slavs. In the 18th century it became a center of the Enlightenment when writers such as Hegel lived in the town.[75]
Upper Middle Rhine Valley   GermanyRhineland-Palatinate,
Hesse,
  Germany
50°10′25″N 7°41′39″E / 50.17361°N 7.69417°E / 50.17361; 7.69417 (Upper Middle Rhine Valley)
Cultural:GerRhi
(ii), (iv), (v)
27,250 (67,300)
Buffer zone: 34,680 (85,700)
2002 The Gorge is a 65 km (40 mi) part of the Middle Rhine Valley in Germany. The region has many castles, historic towns and vineyards and has been an inspirition for many writers, artists and composers.[76]
Vézelay, Church and Hill   FranceVézelay,
  France
47°27′59″N 3°44′54″E / 47.46639°N 3.74833°E / 47.46639; 3.74833 (Vézelay, Church and Hill)
Cultural:FraVez
(i), (vi)
183 (450)
Buffer zone: 18,401 (45,470)
1979 The Benedictine abbey of Vézelay has existed since the 9th century. Leaders in the Third Crusade Richard the Lion-Hearted and Philip II of France met at the abbey before they left on the Crusade.[77]
Völklingen Ironworks   GermanyVölklingen,
  Germany
49°14′39.984″N 6°50′59″E / 49.24444000°N 6.84972°E / 49.24444000; 6.84972 (Völklingen Ironworks)
Cultural:GerVöl
(ii), (iv)
1994 The recently closed ironworks are the only example in western Europe and North America of an intact ironworks built in the 19th and 20th centuries.[78]
Wachau Cultural Landscape   AustriaWachau,
  Austria
48°21′52″N 15°26′3″E / 48.36444°N 15.43417°E / 48.36444; 15.43417 (Wachau Cultural Landscape)
Cultural:AusWac
(ii), (iv)
18,387 (45,440) 2000 The Wachau is a 40 km (25 mi) long valley along the Danube river. The valley was settled in prehistoric times. It is home to a number of historic towns, villages, monasteries, castles and ruins.[79]
The Wadden Sea   Germany  Germany*,
  Netherlands*
53°31′43″N 8°33′22″E / 53.52861°N 8.55611°E / 53.52861; 8.55611 (The Wadden Sea)
Natural:Ger2
(viii), (ix), (x)
968,393 (2,392,950) 2009 The Wadden Sea has conservation areas in the Netherlands and Germany. The coast line is a breeding ground for up to 12 millions birds annually.[80]
Wartburg Castle   GermanyEisenach,
  Germany
50°58′0.4″N 10°18′25.2″E / 50.966778°N 10.307000°E / 50.966778; 10.307000 (Wartburg Castle)
Cultural:GerEis
(iii), (vi)
1999 Wartburg Castle is on a 410 m (1230 ft) cliff above Eisenach. Martin Luther translated the New Testament into German while in exile at Wartburg.[81]
Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church   United KingdomLondon,
  United Kingdom
51°29′59″N 0°7′43″E / 51.49972°N 0.12861°E / 51.49972; 0.12861 (Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret's Church)
Cultural:UniLon4
(i), (ii), (iv)
10 (25) 1987 Westminster Palace and Westminster Abbey are important for the British royalty and government. Royalty have been crowned at the Abbey since the 11th century. The site also includes the small medieval Church of Saint Margaret.[82]
Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square   GermanyWürzburg,
  Germany
49°47′34.008″N 9°56′20.004″E / 49.79278000°N 9.93889000°E / 49.79278000; 9.93889000 (Würzburg Residence with the Court Gardens and Residence Square)
Cultural:GerWür
(i), (iv)
15 (37)
Buffer zone: 25 (62)
1981 The large and ornate Baroque palace was made under the patronage of the prince-bishops Lothar Franz and Friedrich Carl von Schönborn. It is one of the largest palaces in Germany.[83]
Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex   GermanyEssen,
  Germany
51°29′29″N 7°2′46″E / 51.49139°N 7.04611°E / 51.49139; 7.04611 (Zollverein Coal Mine Industrial Complex in Essen)
Cultural:GerEss
(ii), (iii)
2001 The Zollverein industrial complex in Nordrhein-Westfalen has all the equipment of a historic coal mine which started working about 150 years ago.[84]

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

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