Union of European Football Associations
The Union of European Football Associations mostly called the UEFA, is the organization that controls European football (soccer) (often referred to as association football). The UEFA is one of 6 continental confederations of the FIFA. It is also the biggest one. The President of the UEFA is Aleksander Čeferin.
|Motto||We care about Football|
|Formation||15 June 1954|
|53 member associations|
|English, French, German|
Some members of the UEFA are partly or whole not part of the European continent (Israel, Turkey, Kazakhstan,Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia, Cyprus and Russia). There are members that do not represent sovereign states, such as the Faroe Islands, England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
UEFA national teams have won 12 FIFA World Cups (Italy-4, Germany-4, France-2, England and Spain-one trophy each), and UEFA clubs have won 21 Intercontinental Cups and four FIFA Club World Cups. In women's, UEFA teams have won three FIFA Women's World Cups (Germany 2, Norway 1) and one Olympic gold medal (Norway).
Members of UEFAEdit
|BIH||Bosnia and Herzegovina||Men's, Women's||1946||1996||1998|
|CZE||Czech Republic||Men's, Women's||1901||1907||1954|
|FRO||Faroe Islands||Men's, Women's||1979||1988||1990|
|FRA||France||Men's, Women's||1919[n 1]||1904[n 2]||1954|
|ISL||Iceland||Men's, Women's||1947[n 3]||1947||1954|
|ISR||Israel[n 4]||Men's, Women's||1949||1949||1994[n 5]|
|KAZ||Kazakhstan[n 6]||Men's, Women's||1994||1994||2002|
|MKD||North Macedonia||Men's, Women's||1926||1994||1994|
|NIR||Northern Ireland||Men's, Women's||1880||1911||1954|
|POL||Poland||Men's, Women's||1919[n 7]||1923||1954|
|IRL||Republic of Ireland||Men's, Women's||1921||1923||1954|
|SMR||San Marino||Men's, Women's||1931||1988||1988|
- Founded as Comité Français Interfédéral in 1907, a predecessor to the current federation.
- The current French FA, the French Football Federation (in its previous incarnation, the Comité Français Interfédéral), replaced the USFSA in 1907.
- Icelandic top-flight club football dates back to 1912 or 35 years prior to founding of KSI, All titles pre-1947 are recognized by KSI
- Former member of the Asian Football Confederation (1954–1974), joined UEFA as several AFC teams refused to play against them. See also Foreign relations of Israel and International recognition of Israel.
- Israel had been an associated member of UEFA since 1992, therefore Israeli clubs were entitled to take part in the 1992–93 and 1993–94 UEFA club competitions despite Israel not being a full UEFA member.
- Former member of the AFC (1994–2002), joined UEFA.
- Founded as Związek Polski Piłki Nożnej (part of the former Austrian Football Union) in 1911, a predecessor to the current federation.
The main international competition is the UEFA European Football Championship. This competition started in 1958, with the first finals in 1960. It is held every four years. The last was 2016 in France. The title was won by Portugal for their first time ever. There were also European competitions at the Under-21, Under-19 and Under-17 levels. For women there was the UEFA Women's Championship.
There are two main club competitions. The highest is the UEFA Champions League. It started in the 1992/93 season as follower of the UEFA Champion Cup. This competition was first held in 1956. The second is the UEFA Europa League. The league started in 1999 when the UEFA Cup and the Cup Winners' Cup merged. In women's football UEFA governs UEFA Women's Champions League for club teams. The competition was first held in 2009 (out of UEFA Women's Cup until 2009)
Winner of the UEFA Champions LeagueEdit
- 2017/18-Real Madrid
- 2016/17-Real Madrid
- 2015/16-Real Madrid
- 2014/15-FC Barcelona
- 2013/14-Real Madrid
- 2012/13-Bayern Munich
- 2011/12-Chelsea FC
- 2010/11-FC Barcelona
- 2009/10-Inter Milan
- 2008/09-FC Barcelona
- 2007/08-Manchester United
- 2006/07-AC Milan
- 2005/06-FC Barcelona
- 2004/05-Liverpool FC
- 2003/04-FC Porto
- 2002/03-AC Milan
- 2001/02-Real Madrid
- 2000/01-Bayern Munich
- 1999/00-Real Madrid
- 1998/99-Manchester United
- 1997/98-Real Madrid
- 1996/97-Borussia Dortmund
- 1994/95-Ajax Amsterdam
- 1993/94-AC Milan
- 1992/93-Olympic Marseille
Since 1992 no winner of the Champions League was able to defend the title the next season.
Winner of the UEFA Women's Champions LeagueEdit
- 2009/10-1. FFC Turbine Potsdam (Germany)
- 2010/11-Olympique Lyon (France)
- "UEFA Executive Committee - UEFA.com". Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-12-09.
- "Organisation – UEFA.com". Archived from the original on 2013-09-12. Retrieved 2011-12-09.
- UEFA.com. "UEFA Champions League - Geschichte". UEFA.com.
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