List of secretaries of state of the United States

highest ranking official of the United States Department of State

This is a list of people who served as the United States secretary of state.

Flag of the United States Secretary of State

List of secretaries of state change

Secretary Party Vote[a] Term of office State President(s)
Portrait Name Took office Left office Term
  John Jay

(1745–1829)

Federalist September 15, 1789 March 22, 1790 188 days New York George Washington
1   Thomas Jefferson

(1743–1826) [2]

Democratic-

Republican

March 22, 1790 December 31, 1793 3 years, 284 days Virginia
2   Edmund Randolph

(1753–1813) [3]

Federalist January 2, 1794 August 20, 1795 1 year, 232 days Virginia
3   Timothy Pickering

(1745–1829) [4]

Federalist August 20, 1795 December 10, 1795[b] 4 years, 265 days Pennsylvania
December 10, 1795 May 12, 1800
John Adams
  Charles Lee

(1758–1815) [c][5]

Federalist May 13, 1800 June 5, 1800 23 days Virginia
4   John Marshall

(1755–1835) [6]

Federalist June 13, 1800 February 4, 1801 264 days Virginia
February 4, 1801 March 4, 1801[d]
  Levi Lincoln Sr.

(1749–1820) [c][7]

Democratic-

Republican

March 5, 1801 May 1, 1801 57 days Massachusetts Thomas Jefferson
5   James Madison

(1751–1836) [8]

Democratic-

Republican

May 2, 1801 March 3, 1809 7 years, 305 days Virginia
6   Robert Smith

(1757–1842) [9]

Democratic-

Republican

March 6, 1809 April 1, 1811 2 years, 26 days Maryland James Madison
7   James Monroe

(1758–1831) [10]

Democratic-

Republican

30–0 April 2, 1811 September 30, 1814 5 years, 335 days Virginia
October 1, 1814 February 28, 1815[b]
February 28, 1815 March 3, 1817
John Graham

(1774–1820) [e][11]

Democratic-

Republican

March 4, 1817 March 9, 1817 5 days Kentucky James Monroe
  Richard Rush

(1780–1859) [c][12]

Federalist March 10, 1817 September 22, 1817 196 days Pennsylvania
8   John Quincy Adams

(1767–1848) [13]

Democratic-

Republican

29–1 September 22, 1817 March 3, 1825 7 years, 162 days Massachusetts
Daniel Brent

(1770–1841) [e][14]

Democratic-

Republican

March 4, 1825 March 7, 1825 3 days Virginia John Quincy

Adams

9   Henry Clay

(1777–1852) [15]

Democratic-

Republican

27–14 March 7, 1825 March 3, 1829 3 years, 361 days Kentucky
National

Republican

  James Alexander

Hamilton (1788–1878) [16]

Democratic March 4, 1829 March 27, 1829 23 days New York Andrew Jackson
10   Martin Van Buren

(1782–1862) [17]

Democratic 25–7 March 28, 1829 May 23, 1831 2 years, 56 days New York
11   Edward Livingston

(1764–1836) [18]

Democratic May 24, 1831 May 29, 1833 2 years, 5 days Louisiana
12   Louis McLane

(1786–1857) [19]

Democratic [f] May 29, 1833 June 30, 1834 1 year, 32 days Delaware
13   John Forsyth

(1780–1841) [20]

Democratic July 1, 1834 March 3, 1841 6 years, 245 days Georgia
Martin Van Buren
Jacob L. Martin

(?–1848) [e][21]

March 4, 1841 March 5, 1841 1 day District of

Columbia

William Henry

Harrison

14   Daniel Webster

(1782–1852) [22]

Whig March 6, 1841 May 8, 1843 2 years, 63 days Massachusetts
John Tyler
  Hugh S. Legaré

(1797–1843) [c][23]

Democratic May 9, 1843 June 20, 1843 42 days South Carolina
William S. Derrick

(1802–1852) [e][24]

June 21, 1843 June 23, 1843 2 days Pennsylvania
15   Abel P. Upshur

(1791–1844) [25]

Whig June 24, 1843 July 23, 1843[g] 220 days Virginia
July 24, 1843 February 28, 1844
  John Nelson

(1791–1860) [c][26]

Whig February 29, 1844 March 31, 1844 31 days Maryland
16   John C. Calhoun

(1782–1850) [27]

Democratic April 1, 1844 March 10, 1845[h] 343 days South Carolina
17   James Buchanan

(1791–1868) [28]

Democratic March 10, 1845 March 7, 1849[h] 3 years, 362 days Pennsylvania James K. Polk
18   John M. Clayton

(1796–1856) [29]

Whig March 8, 1849 July 22, 1850 1 year, 136 days Delaware Zachary Taylor
Millard Fillmore
19   Daniel Webster

(1782–1852) [22]

Whig July 23, 1850 October 24, 1852 2 years, 93 days Massachusetts
  Charles Magill Conrad

(1804–1878) [b][30]

Whig October 25, 1852 November 5, 1852 11 days Louisiana
20   Edward Everett

(1794–1865) [31]

Whig November 6, 1852 March 3, 1853 117 days Massachusetts
  William Hunter

(1805–1886) [e][32]

March 4, 1853 March 7, 1853 3 days Rhode Island Franklin Pierce
21   William L. Marcy

(1786–1857) [33]

Democratic March 7, 1853 March 6, 1857[h] 3 years, 364 days New York
22   Lewis Cass

(1782–1866) [34]

Democratic March 6, 1857 December 14, 1860 3 years, 283 days Michigan James Buchanan
  William Hunter

(1805–1886) [e][32]

December 15, 1860 December 16, 1860 1 day Rhode Island
23   Jeremiah S. Black

(1810–1883) [35]

Democratic December 17, 1860 March 5, 1861[h] 78 days New York
24   William H. Seward

(1801–1872) [36]

Republican March 5, 1861 March 4, 1869 7 years, 364 days New York Abraham Lincoln
Andrew Johnson
25   Elihu B. Washburne

(1816–1887) [37]

Republican March 5, 1869 March 16, 1869 11 days Illinois Ulysses S. Grant
26   Hamilton Fish

(1808–1893) [38]

Republican March 17, 1869 March 12, 1877[h] 7 years, 360 days New York
27   William M. Evarts

(1818–1901) [39]

Republican 44–2 March 12, 1877 March 7, 1881[h] 3 years, 360 days New York Rutherford B.

Hayes

28   James G. Blaine

(1830–1893) [40]

Republican March 7, 1881 December 19, 1881 287 days Maine James A.

Garfield

Chester A.

Arthur

29   Frederick Theodore Frelinghuysen

(1817–1885) [41]

Republican December 19, 1881 March 6, 1885[h] 3 years, 77 days New Jersey
30   Thomas F. Bayard

(1828–1898) [42]

Democratic March 7, 1885 March 6, 1889[h] 3 years, 364 days Delaware Grover Cleveland
31   James G. Blaine

(1830–1893) [40]

Republican March 7, 1889 June 4, 1892 3 years, 89 days Maine Benjamin Harrison
  William F. Wharton

(1847–1919) [i][43]

Republican June 4, 1892 June 29, 1892 25 days Massachusetts
32   John W. Foster

(1836–1917) [44]

Republican June 29, 1892 February 23, 1893 239 days Indiana
  William F. Wharton

(1847–1919) [i][43]

Republican February 24, 1893 March 6, 1893 10 days Massachusetts
Grover Cleveland
33   Walter Q. Gresham

(1832–1895) [45]

Democratic March 7, 1893 May 28, 1895 2 years, 82 days Illinois
  Edwin F. Uhl

(1841–1901) [i][46]

Democratic May 28, 1895 June 9, 1895 12 days Michigan
34   Richard Olney

(1835–1917) [47]

Democratic June 10, 1895 March 5, 1897[h] 1 year, 268 days Massachusetts
35   John Sherman

(1823–1900) [48]

Republican March 6, 1897 April 27, 1898 1 year, 52 days Ohio William McKinley
36   William R. Day

(1849–1923) [49]

Republican April 28, 1898 September 16, 1898 141 days Ohio
  Alvey A. Adee

(1842–1924) [j][50]

Independent September 17, 1898 September 29, 1898 12 days New York
37   John Hay

(1838–1905) [51]

Republican September 30, 1898 July 1, 1905 6 years, 274 days District of

Columbia

Theodore Roosevelt
  Francis B. Loomis

(1861–1948) [i][52]

Republican July 1, 1905 July 18, 1905 17 days Ohio
38   Elihu Root

(1845–1937) [53]

Republican July 19, 1905 January 27, 1909 3 years, 192 days New York
39   Robert Bacon

(1860–1919) [54]

Republican January 27, 1909 March 5, 1909[h] 37 days New York
40   Philander C. Knox

(1853–1921) [55]

Republican March 6, 1909 March 5, 1913[h] 3 years, 364 days Pennsylvania William Howard Taft
41   William

Jennings Bryan (1860–1925) [56]

Democratic March 5, 1913 June 9, 1915 2 years, 96 days Nebraska Woodrow Wilson
42   Robert Lansing

(1864–1928) [57]

Democratic June 9, 1915 June 24, 1915[k] 4 years, 249 days New York
June 24, 1915 February 13, 1920
  Frank Polk

(1871–1943) [l][58]

Democratic February 14, 1920 March 14, 1920 29 days New York
43   Bainbridge Colby

(1869–1950) [59]

Democratic March 23, 1920 March 4, 1921 346 days New York
44   Charles Evans

Hughes (1862–1948) [60]

Republican March 5, 1921 March 4, 1925 3 years, 364 days New York Warren G.

Harding

Calvin Coolidge
45   Frank B. Kellogg

(1856–1937) [61]

Republican March 5, 1925 March 28, 1929 4 years, 23 days Minnesota
Herbert Hoover
46   Henry L. Stimson

(1867–1950) [62]

Republican March 28, 1929 March 4, 1933 3 years, 341 days New York
47   Cordell Hull

(1871–1955) [63]

Democratic March 4, 1933 November 30, 1944 11 years, 271 days Tennessee Franklin D.

Roosevelt

48   Edward Stettinius Jr.

(1900–1949) [64]

Democratic 68–1 December 1, 1944 June 27, 1945 208 days Virginia
Harry S. Truman
  Joseph Grew

(1880–1965) [l][65]

Independent June 28, 1945 July 3, 1945 5 days New Hampshire
49   James F. Byrnes

(1882–1972) [66]

Democratic July 3, 1945 January 21, 1947 1 year, 202 days South Carolina
50   George C. Marshall

(1880–1959) [67]

Independent January 21, 1947 January 20, 1949 1 year, 365 days Pennsylvania
51   Dean Acheson

(1893–1971) [68]

Democratic 83–6 January 21, 1949 January 20, 1953 3 years, 365 days Maryland
  H. Freeman

Matthews (1899–1986) [l][69]

Independent January 20, 1953 January 21, 1953 1 day Maryland Dwight D.

Eisenhower

52   John Foster Dulles

(1888–1959) [70]

Republican January 21, 1953 April 22, 1959 6 years, 91 days New York
53   Christian Herter

(1895–1966) [71]

Republican 93–0 April 22, 1959 January 20, 1961 1 year, 273 days Massachusetts
  Livingston T.

Merchant (1903–1976) [m][72]

Independent January 20, 1961 January 21, 1961 1 day District of

Columbia

John F.

Kennedy

54   Dean Rusk

(1909–1994) [73]

Democratic January 21, 1961 January 20, 1969 7 years, 365 days New York
Lyndon B.

Johnson

  Charles E. Bohlen

(1904–1974) [n][74]

Independent January 20, 1969 January 22, 1969 2 days District of

Columbia

Richard Nixon
55   William P. Rogers

(1913–2001) [75]

Republican January 22, 1969 September 3, 1973 4 years, 224 days Maryland
  Kenneth Rush

(1910–1994) [o][76]

Republican September 3, 1973 September 22, 1973 19 days Florida
56   Henry Kissinger

(1923–2023) [77]

Republican 78–7 September 22, 1973 January 20, 1977 3 years, 120 days District of

Columbia

Gerald Ford
  Philip Habib

(1920–1992) [m][78]

Independent January 20, 1977 January 23, 1977 3 days California Jimmy Carter
57   Cyrus Vance

(1917–2002) [79]

Democratic Voice January 23, 1977 April 28, 1980 3 years, 96 days New York
  Warren Christopher

(1925–2011) [o][80]

Democratic April 28, 1980 May 2, 1980 4 days California
  David D. Newsom

(1918–2008) [m][81]

Independent May 2, 1980 May 3, 1980 1 day California
Richard N. Cooper

(1934–2020) [p][82]

Independent May 3, 1980 0 days Connecticut
  David D. Newsom

(1918–2008) [m][81]

Independent May 3, 1980 May 4, 1980 1 day California
  Warren Christopher

(1925–2011) [o][80]

Democratic May 4, 1980 May 8, 1980 4 days California
58   Edmund Muskie

(1914–1996) [83]

Democratic 94–2 May 8, 1980 January 18, 1981 255 days Maine
  David D. Newsom

(1918–2008) [m][81]

Independent January 18, 1981 January 22, 1981 4 days California
59   Alexander Haig

(1924–2010) [84]

Republican 93–6 January 22, 1981 July 5, 1982 1 year, 164 days Connecticut Ronald Reagan
  Walter J. Stoessel Jr.

(1920–1986) [o][85]

Independent July 5, 1982 July 16, 1982 11 days California
60   George Shultz

(1920–2021) [86]

Republican 97–0 July 16, 1982 January 20, 1989 6 years, 188 days California
  Michael Armacost

(b. 1937) [m][87]

Independent January 20, 1989 January 25, 1989 5 days Maryland George H. W. Bush
61   James Baker

(b. 1930) [88]

Republican 99–0 January 25, 1989 August 23, 1992 3 years, 211 days Texas
62   Lawrence Eagleburger

(1930–2011) [89]

Republican August 23, 1992 December 8, 1992[o] 150 days Florida
Recess December 8, 1992 January 20, 1993
Arnold Kanter

(1945–2010) [p][90]

Independent January 20, 1993 0 days District of

Columbia

  Frank G. Wisner

(b. 1938) [p][91]

Independent January 20, 1993 0 days District of

Columbia

Bill Clinton
63   Warren Christopher

(1925–2011) [80]

Democratic Voice January 20, 1993 January 17, 1997 3 years, 363 days California
64   Madeleine Albright

(1937–2022) [92]

Democratic 99–0 January 23, 1997 January 20, 2001 3 years, 363 days District of

Columbia

65   Colin Powell

(1937–2021) [93]

Republican Voice January 20, 2001 January 26, 2005 4 years, 6 days Virginia George W. Bush
66   Condoleezza Rice

(b. 1954) [94]

Republican 85–13 January 26, 2005 January 20, 2009 3 years, 360 days California
  William J. Burns

(b. 1956) [m]

Independent January 20, 2009 January 21, 2009 1 day District of

Columbia

Barack Obama
67   Hillary Clinton

(b. 1947) [95]

Democratic 94–2 January 21, 2009 February 1, 2013 4 years, 11 days New York
68   John Kerry

(b. 1943) [96]

Democratic 94–3 February 1, 2013 January 20, 2017 3 years, 354 days Massachusetts
  Thomas A.

Shannon Jr. (b. 1958 ) [m][97]

Republican January 20, 2017 February 1, 2017 12 days Minnesota Donald Trump
69   Rex Tillerson

(b. 1952) [98]

Republican 55–43 February 1, 2017 March 31, 2018 1 year, 58 days Texas
  John J. Sullivan

(b. 1959) [o]

Republican April 1, 2018 April 26, 2018 25 days Massachusetts
70   Mike Pompeo

(b. 1963) [99]

Republican 57–42 April 26, 2018 January 20, 2021 2 years, 269 days Kansas
  Daniel Bennett Smith

(b. 1956) [q][100]

Independent January 20, 2021 January 26, 2021 6 days Virginia Joe Biden
71   Antony Blinken

(b. 1962) [101]

Democratic 78–22 January 26, 2021 Incumbent 3 years, 33 days New York

References change

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  26. "John Nelson (1794–1860)". Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on October 28, 2021. Retrieved November 13, 2021.
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  57. "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Robert Lansing (1864–1928)". Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on December 5, 2018. Retrieved November 10, 2021.
  58. "Frank Lyon Polk (1871–1943)". Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on November 4, 2021. Retrieved November 13, 2021.
  59. "Biographies of the Secretaries of State: Bainbridge Colby (1869–1950)". Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on December 5, 2018. Retrieved November 11, 2021.
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  65. "Joseph Clark Grew (1880–1965)". Office of the Historian. Archived from the original on February 7, 2009. Retrieved November 13, 2021.
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Notes change

  1. Where no vote is listed, confirmation was by voice vote or otherwise unrecorded.[1]
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 As Secretary of War.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 As Attorney General.
  4. As Chief Justice of the United States.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 As Chief Clerk of the State Department.
  6. This appears to have been a recess appointment that was never submitted to the Senate.[1]
  7. As Secretary of the Navy.
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 In addition to the president listed, this secretary of state served for a brief period of time (eight days or less) under that president's successor until a replacement could be named and confirmed.
  9. 9.0 9.1 9.2 9.3 As Assistant Secretary of State.
  10. As Second Assistant Secretary of State.
  11. As Counselor for the Department of State.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 As Under Secretary of State.
  13. 13.0 13.1 13.2 13.3 13.4 13.5 13.6 13.7 As Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs.
  14. As Deputy Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs.
  15. 15.0 15.1 15.2 15.3 15.4 15.5 As Deputy Secretary of State.
  16. 16.0 16.1 16.2 As Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs.
  17. As Director of the Foreign Service Institute.