This article is about a current event.January 2020)(
This article needs to be updated. (April 2020)
The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).[a] The outbreak originated in Wuhan, Hubei, China, in December 2019, and was called a pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) on 11 March 2020. The International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses gave the virus its name. As of 14 May, more than 4.4 million cases of COVID-19 have been reported in more than 210 countries and territories, resulting in nearly 300,000 deaths, but almost 1,660,000 recoveries.
Map of the pandemic
10,000+ confirmed cases 1,000–9,999 confirmed cases 100–999 confirmed cases 10–99 confirmed cases1–9 confirmed cases
Map of the pandemic by cases per-capita
> 1 case per 1,000 inhabitants > 2 cases per 2,000 inhabitants > 1 case per 10,000 inhabitants > 1 case per 100,000 inhabitants > 1 cases per million inhabitants> 1 cases per 10 million inhabitants
|Disease||Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)|
|Virus strain||Severe acute respiratory syndrome|
coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)
|Location||Worldwide (List of locations)|
|First case||1 December 2019|
|Origin||Wuhan, Hubei, China|
The virus is usually spread from one person to another using small drops made when coughing or sneezing. It mostly spreads when people are close to each other, but can also spread when people touch a surface with the virus, and then their face. Common symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Complications may include pneumonia and acute respiratory distress syndrome. There is currently no vaccine or specific antiviral medicine for COVID-19. Right now, doctors usually give patients supportive therapy. Ways people can avoid spreading the virus include hand washing, covering the mouth when coughing, maintaining distance from other people, and monitoring and self-isolation for people who think they are infected.
The outbreak may have came from a coronavirus that usually lives in bats that infected some other animal, possibly pangolins, and then changed inside that other animal until it could infect humans.
|Wikinews has news related to this article: Category:COVID-19|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to COVID-19 pandemic.|
Symptoms of COVID-19. There are reports that even people who do not show symptoms can spread it.
According to the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, COVID-19 makes people feel sick in different ways, but it usually affects the lungs. People usually cough and have difficulty breathing. They often also have a fever, chills, headache, pain in their muscles, or trouble tasting or smelling things.
According to an April 2020 study by the American Gastroenterological Association, COVID-19 can make sick people vomit or have diarrhea but this is rare. They said about 7.7% of COVID-19 patients vomited, about 7.8% had diarrhea and about 3.6% had pain in their stomachs.
In February 2020, the WHO announced they had chosen a name for the disease caused by SARS-CoV-2: COVID-19, replacing the temporary name "2019-nCoV." "Covi" is for "coronavirus," "D" for "disease," and "19" for the year 2019. They said they did not want the name to have any person, place, or animal in it, like "Wuhan," because then people might blame the disease on that place, person, or animal. They also wanted the name to be easy to say out loud.
Mortality rate of COVID-19Edit
According to an article in Market Watch dated on February 27, 2020, the overall case mortality rate in China was 2.3%. However, there were large differences between different age groups and between men and women. People over the age of seventy experienced a rate of mortality 4-5 times that of the average. Men were more likely to die than women (2.8% versus 1.7% for women). These numbers were the conclusion of a study by the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention using 72,314 COVID-19 cases in mainland China as of Feb. 11. At that point this was the largest sample of cases for such a study.
Race and racismEdit
COVID-19 did not affect everyone in each country the same way. As of mid-April 2020, black Americans made up 33% of the population of Louisiana but 70% of the people who died from COVID-19 in Louisiana were black. Black Americans made up 26% of the population of Alabama, but 44% of the people who died were black. In Chicago, black Americans made up a third of the population, but half of the people who tested positive were black and 72% of the people who died were black. As of May 2020, APM Research Lab said the death rate among black Americans was 2.4 times as high as for whites and 2.2 times as high as for Latino and Asian Americans.
Camara Jones, an epidemiologist who once worked for the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said this was socioeconomic and not because of any natural difference in black and white people's bodies. In the United States, black citizens are more likely to work jobs where they serve the public and to ride on buses and trains rather than take their own cars to work, which makes them more likely to be infected than people who work in private offices or from home. Sharrelle Barber, an epidemiologist and biostatistician from Drexel University, also said black Americans can live in crowded neighborhoods where social distancing is harder to do and healthy food harder to find. Both Barber and Jones blamed the long history of racism in the United States for these things. Three senators, Kamala Harris, Cory Booker and Elizabeth Warren said the federal government should start recording the race of COVID-19 patients so scientists could study this problem.
In the United Kingdom, twice as many black COVID-19 patients died as white COVID-19 patients. Other non-white people, like people from India and Bangledesh, were also more likely to die of COVID-19 than whites. Britain's Office of National Statistics said that the differences in money and education explained some of this difference but not all of it. They also said they did not know whether non-white patients caught COVID-19 more often or whether they caught more severe cases. Only female Chinese Britons were less likely to die of COVID-19 than white Britons.
Native Americans in the United States have shown more deaths from COVID-19 than the rest of the U.S. As of May, the Navajo Nation had many 88 deaths and 2,757 cases, and the money they had been promised by the government arrived several weeks late. Only 30% of the people in the Navajo Nation have pipes with running water, which made it difficult for people to wash their hands.
Scientists from Chapman University made a plan to protect the Tsimane people in Bolivia from COVID-19 and said this plan would also work for other indigenous peoples living on their own land. The scientists said that many indigenous peoples have problems that make COVID-19 more dangerous for them, like poverty, less clean water, and other lung diseases. Hospitals may be a long distance away, and racism can affect the way doctors and nurses react. But they also sometimes have things that help, like traditions of making decisions together and the ability to grow food nearby. The scientists found people who spoke the Tsimane language as a first language and made teams to go to Tsimane towns to warn them about COVID-19. They also used radio stations. They said the best strategy was for whole communities to decide to isolate. They found this worked well because the Tsimane already usually made their big decisions together as a community in special meetings and already had a tradition of quarantining new mothers. The Chapman scientists said their plan would also work for other indigenous peoples who also make decisions together, like the Tsimane.  The Waswanipi Cree in Canada, the Mapoon people in Australia, and many groups in South America already tried plans like these on their own.
In early 2020, some people began to think that the SARS-CoV-2 may have been made on purpose in a laboratory and either released by accident or on purpose like a weapon. Some Iranians thought the Americans might have made it. Chinese state media said COVID-19 came from the United States to China and not the other way around. Some Americans thought the Chinese might have made it. Some Britons thought it might have been created by accident by 5G celll phone networks.
On March 17, 2020, scientists from Columbia University and other places published a paper in Nature Medicine showing that SARS-CoV-2 was almost surely not made by humans in a laboratory. They did this by comparing the genomes of different viruses to each other. The scientists saw that SARS-CoV-2 did not match any of the viral backbones that already exist for virologists to use. Within a few weeks, it became one of the most cited scientific papers in history, meaning that other scientists were reading and using it.
Timelines of COVID-19 Edit
On January 20, 2020, Chinese premier Li Keqiang called for efforts to stop and control the pneumonia epidemic caused by a novel coronavirus. As of February 5, 2020, 24,588 cases have been confirmed, including in every province-level division of China. A larger number of people may have been infected, but not detected (especially mild cases). The first local transmission of the virus outside China occurred in Vietnam between family members, while the first local transmission not involving family occurred in Germany, on January 22, when a German man contracted the disease from a Chinese business visitor at a meeting. As of 5 February 2020[update], 493 deaths have been attributed to the virus since the first confirmed death on January 9, with 990 recoveries. The first death outside China was reported in the Philippines, in a 44-year-old Chinese male on February 1., but another source reported: "The first cases of COVID-19 outside of China were identified on January 13 in Thailand and on January 16 in Japan".
Confirmed cases have also been reported in Thailand, South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Macau, Hong Kong, the United States (Everett, Washington and Chicago), Singapore, Vietnam, France and Nepal.
The World Health Organization declared that this is a Public Health Emergency of International Concern since January 30, 2020.
As of February 10, 2020 there have been 40,235 confirmed cases reported of people infected by the virus in China. Also reported were 909 deaths, and 319 cases in 24 other countries, including one death, according to WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus.
- The first cases of COVID-19 were detected in Wuhan, Hubei, Mainland China in December of 2019.
- On Feb. 4, 2020, the Seattle Times reported that Around 2020 Chinese new year authorities closed down travel from China to Macau. As a result visits fell eighty percent.
- Feb 6, 2020, the COVID-19 whistleblower, Li Wenliang, dies of the disease.
- On February 6, 2020, according to Chinese authorities, a man from the United States who tested positive for the virus died
- On February 25, 2020 Asian Scientist Magazine reported Chinese Scientists Sequence Genome Of COVID-19 
- According to the European Centre for Disease Prevention China had the largest number of confirmed cases and deaths on March 1, 2020 
- On March 3, 2020 Science Magazine reported:
- China built two new hospitals in one week just for patients of COVID-19
- The article praised the way China has handled this crisis, but said "draconian" measures were used to achieve success.
- On March 6, 2020, CNN reported that a hotel used as a COVID-19 quarantine center collapsed. Seventy people were trapped in a collapsed Quanzhou hotel.
- Cases going down[source?]
- Economy affected many factories shut down[source?]
- The first case of COVID-19 in the United States was detected in [source?]
- "Don’t worry" attitude[source?]
- On February 27, 2020, Trump appointed Pence to lead US response to COVID-19 
- On February 29, 2020, the first death was reported from Washington state
- On March 3, 2020 CBS reported 15 States with confirmed cases. 
- Elbow bumps replacing handshakes[source?]
- One million test kits to be distributed
- March 9, 2020: Stock market approaching bear territory[source?]
- Scattered reports that some are quarantined while their household members are not
- United States Secretary of Health and Human Services, Alex Azar says that it is not known how many tested positive because many of the test kits went out to private companies[source?]
- New York governor, Andrew Cuomo announced that New Rochelle NY is the largest cluster of COVID-19 cases in the United states[source?]
Economic effects of COVID-19 in the United StatesEdit
- On March 6, President Trump signed a $8.3 billion emergency spending package to fight the COVID outbreak
- Medical costs for Washington state residents asking to be tested will be waived until May.[source?] (People have to pay for their own health care in the United States. See: Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act).
- March 9, 2020: Stock market approaching bear territory[source?]
- President Trump announces a payroll tax cut to help the US economy[source?]
- On February 27, 2020, according to the EU Observer, a dozen towns in the northern regions of Lombardy and Veneto were under lockdown, with around 50,000 citizens not allowed to leave, and over 200 reported cases of COVID n Italy.
- On March 4, 2020, according to the Guardian,the Italian government has ordered the closure of all of Italy's schools and universities until 15 March, 2020
- On March 5, 2020 the Guardian reported: "Italian educational institutions close as Covid-19 deaths pass 100"
- On March 8,2020, Al Jazeeera reported that after a daily increase of 1,247 cases, Lombardy together with ten other areas were sealed off in an effort to quarantine 16 million people Milan and Venice are in the quarantined area. 
- March 10, 2020, Italy under quarantine. 
- On 28 February 2020 the BBC reported COVID-19 deaths in Iran were at least 210
- March 3, 2020 multiple Iranian government officials including deputy health minister Iraj Harirchi and vice president of women and family affairs Masoumeh Ebtekar, who served as a spokesperson during the Iran hostage crisis, had contracted COVID-19.
- Covid cases have been reported in Ontario, British Columbia(BC) and Alberta[source?]
- Shortage of hospital beds even in good times[source?]
- Privacy vs public good (Fraser valley case)[source?]
- Most cases in British Columbia Presumptively confirmed positive had an Iran connection.[source?]
- One case in British Columbia is a man from Seattle, Washington state[source?]
- March 5, 2020 University Canada West announced shutting down for three days 
- March 9, 2020, first COVID-19 related death reported[source?]
- March 9, 2020, No community spread of COVID-19 found in Ontario, all reported cases had a travel cconnection[source?]
- March 9, 2020, four provinces had reported cases of COVID-19: Ontario (34),British Columbia (32), Alberta (7) and Quebec (4), only one case of community spread (not travel-related) reported in BC[source?]
- March 9, 2020, warnings issued regarding non-essential travel including cruise ship travel[source?]
- March 9, 2020, "Feds chartering plane to repatriate Canadians on California cruise ship" 
- March 10, 2020, Chrystia Freeland announces : concrete measure will be taken soon[source?]
COVID-19 cases have been reported in most parts of New Zealand. The quick response by New Zealands prime minister meant that they have completely overcome the virus and is soon to go to Level 1 of their plan. There were clusters popping up all over New Zealand including one at a wedding and one at a rest home(which lead to many deaths). Even so not many have died, the numbers are in the teens. School and non-essential workplaces have gone back to work as their are no active cases in the country. (This was written by someone who is from New Zealand)
Food and hungerEdit
The pandemic made it more difficult for millions of people all over the world to get enough food. People lost their jobs, so they did not have money to buy food. Farms were shut down, so there was less food made. Processing plants and food factories were shut down, so less food was made ready for people to eat.
In April, Arif Husain of the United Nations' World Food Program said that 130 million more people could go hungry, in addition to the 135 million who were already hungry before the pandemic began. He said that poorer countries would be more affected than rich countries because the way they move raw food from farms to cities and other places where people live is less organized and relies more on human beings than on automatic systems.
This hunger crisis is different from crises in other years because it happened to the whole world at the same time. That meant that people working in other countries could not help by sending money home.
All over the world, children who ate meals at school had less access to food when the schools were shut down.
Scientists from the University of Michigan said the pandemic was making it harder for people to find food. In a study published in May, they said out of of seven Americans over age 50 said they had trouble getting enough food before the pandemic, and it got worse when senior centers that provided meals were closed. Federal and state governments started programs to bring food to older people and children. There were also more food donation drives in towns.
Because so many governments told people to stay at home, there was less air pollution than usual for that time of year. Pollution in New York fell by 50% and the use of coal in China fell by 40%. The European Space Agency showed pictures taken from a satellite of China's pollution disappearing during quarantine and coming back when everyone went back to work.
The pandemic and shudowns made people use less electricity. In the United States, people got more of their electricity from renewable power like wind and solar power than from coal power. This was because coal plants, which tend to be older, are more expensive to run than solar or wind or natural gas, so power companies used them less.
Pollution from before the pandemic also affected what happened after people became sick. Scientists saw that more people died from COVID-19 in places with large amounts of air pollution. One team of scientists from Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg looked at air pollution information from satellites and statistics on COVID-19 deaths in Italy, France, Germany and Spain and saw that places with large amounts of nitrogen dioxide pollution had more people die from COVID-19. Nitrogen dioxide can damage the lungs.
The shutdowns and social distancing also affected animals. Human beings started staying at home about the same time in the spring when sea turtles like to come on land to lay their eggs. Turtle scientists in the United States and Thailand both reported more nests than usual on seashores in Florida and Phuket. They say it is because people are not coming to the beach or bringing their dogs to the beach and because there are fewer boats in the water nearby. Scientists also say they see more dugong and dolphins and fewer manatees killed by boats. The pandemic meant there were fewer cars driving down roads, so salamanders, frogs, and other amphibians were able to cross them for their spring migration. According to citizen scientists from Big Night Maine, a group that watches amphibians, four amphibians made it across the roads alive for every one amphibian killed by cars. Most years, it is only two to one.
List of terminology associated with COVID-19Edit
- SARS-CoV-2 is the virus that causes COVID-19
- 2019-nCoV is the old name for SARS-CoV-2
- Coronavirus disease 2019 is another name for COVID-19
- community spread is the spread of the disease without a known travel connection
- clusters are groups of COVID-19 cases in which many people in the same area became infected with COVID-19
- presumptive confirmed positive
- sealed off
List of deathsEdit
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- To summarize, this article is about the pandemic, which is caused by the disease COVID-19, which is caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2.
- Countries, territories, and international conveyances where cases were diagnosed. The nationality of the infected and the origin of infection may vary. For some countries, cases are split into respective territories and noted accordingly.
- This number shows the cumulative number of confirmed human cases reported to date. The actual number of infections and cases is likely to be higher than reported.
The total number of cases may not necessarily add up due to the frequency of values being updated for each location.
Reporting criteria and testing capacity varies between countries.
- Total deaths may not necessarily add up due to the frequency of values updating for each location. Reporting criteria varies between countries.
- Reported recoveries. May not correspond to actual current figures and not all recoveries may be reported. Total recoveries may not necessarily add up due to the frequency of values updating for each location.
- United States
- Figures include cases identified on the Grand Princess.
- Figures do not include the unincorporated territories of Puerto Rico, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, and U.S. Virgin Islands, all of which are listed separately.
- Not all states or overseas territories report recovery data.
- Cases include clinically diagnosed cases as per CDC guidelines.
- Recoveries and deaths include probable deaths and people released from quarantine as per CDC guidelines.
- Figures from the United States Department of Defense are only released on a branch-by branch basis since April 2020, without distinction between domestic and foreign deployment, and cases may be reported to local health authorities.
- Cases for the USS Theodore Roosevelt, currently docked at Guam, are reported separate from national figures but included in the Navy's totals.
- There is also one case reported from Guantanamo Bay Naval Base not included in any other nation or territory's counts. Since April 2020, the United States Department of Defense has directed all bases, including Guantanamo Bay, to not publicize case statistics.
- United Kingdom
- Excludes serology–confirmed cases.
- Including French overseas regions Saint Martin and Saint Barthélemy.
- Excluding collectivities of New Caledonia, French Polynesia and Saint Pierre and Miquelon.
- Recoveries only include hospitalized cases.
- Figures for total confirmed cases and total deaths include data from both hospital and nursing home (ESMS: établissements sociaux et médico-sociaux).
- The number of deaths also includes untested cases and cases in retirement homes that presumably died because of COVID-19, whilst most countries only include deaths of tested cases in hospitals.
- Including the special territory of Easter Island.
- On 29 April 2020, the Chilean government started to inform the number of asymptomatic confirmed cases, separated from the official number of confirmed cases. Since 30 April, all confirmed cases (no matter their symptoms) are included in the official number.
- Chilean authorities define a person as "recovered" after 14 days since the detection of the virus because "they are no longer contagious". Initially, patients who have died of coronavirus were counted as recovered, following the same criteria, according to Health Minister Jaime Mañalich; however, this was changed later and Chilean reports inform the number of recovered separated from the deceased.
- All four constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (i.e. the country of the Netherlands [in this table row], Aruba, Curaçao, and Sint Maarten) and the special municipalities of the Caribbean Netherlands (Bonaire, Saba and Sint Eustatius) are listed separately.
- The Dutch Government agency RIVM, responsible for the constituent country the Netherlands, does not count its number of recoveries.
- Diamond Princess and Japan
- The British cruise ship Diamond Princess was in Japanese waters, and the Japanese administration was asked to manage its quarantine, with the passengers having not entered Japan. Therefore, this case is included in neither the Japanese nor British official counts. The World Health Organization classifies the cases as being located "on an international conveyance".
- Includes cases identified on the MS River Anuket.
- Estimation of the number of infected:
- As of 23 March 2020, according to figures from just over 40 per cent of all GPs in Norway, 20,200 patients have been registered with the "corona code" R991. The figure includes both cases where the patient has been diagnosed with coronavirus infection through testing, and where the GP has used the "corona code" after assessing the patient's symptoms against the criteria by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.
- As of 24 March 2020, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health estimates that between 7,120 and 23,140 Norwegians are infected with the coronavirus.
- Estimation of the number of infected:
- Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance". Ten cases, including one fatality recorded by the Australian government.
- Including the autonomous region of the Åland Islands.
- The number of recoveries is an estimate based on reported cases which were reported at least two weeks ago and there is no other monitoring data on the course of the disease. The exact number of recoveries is not known, as only a small proportion of patients have been hospitalized.
- DR Congo
- New Zealand
- Recovered figures include those from 350 probable but unconfirmed cases.
- Guam and USS Theodore Roosevelt
- Cases for the USS Theodore Roosevelt, currently docked at Guam, are reported separately.
- Charles de Gaulle
- Including cases on the escort frigate Chevalier Paul.
- Florence Parly, Minister of the Armed Forces, reported to the National Assembly's National Defense and Armed Forces Committee that 2010 sailors of the carrier battle group led by Charles de Gaulle had been tested, with 1081 tests returning positive so far. Many of these cases were aboard Charles de Gaulle, some of the cases were reportedly aboard French frigate Chevalier Paul, and it is unclear if any other ships in the battle group had cases on board.
- Greg Mortimer and Uruguay
- Although currently anchored off the coast of Uruguay, cases for the Greg Mortimer are currently reported separately. Six have been transferred inland for hospitalization.
- Isle of Man
- Recoveries are presumed. Defined as "An individual testing positive for coronavirus who completes the 14 day self-isolation period from the onset of symptoms who is at home on day 15, or an individual who is discharged from hospital following more severe symptoms."
- Donetsk and Luhansk People's Republic
- Northern Cyprus
- South Ossetia
- Saint Vincent
- The sovereign state of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.
- MS Zaandam
- Including cases from MS Rotterdam.
- The MS Rotterdam rendezvoused with the Zaandam on March 26 off the coast of Panama City to provide support and evacuate healthy passengers. Both have since docked in Florida.
- MS Zaandam and Rotterdam's numbers are currently not counted in any national figures.
- Coral Princess
- HNLMS Dolfijn
- All 8 cases currently associated with Dolfijn were reported while the submarine was at sea in the waters between Scotland and the Netherlands.
- It is unclear whether the Netherlands National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) is including these cases in their total count, but neither their daily update details nor their daily epidemiological situation reports appear to have mentioned the ship, with a breakdown of cases listing the twelve provinces of the country of the Netherlands (as opposed to the kingdom) accounting for all the cases in the total count.
- As RIVM does not report recoveries, and militaries are generally less transparent than most government agencies due to operations security concerns, it is assumed that no official report on recoveries is forthcoming.